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Biosecurity-Based Interventions and Strategies To Reduce Campylobacter spp. on Poultry Farms

The prevention and control of Campylobacter colonization of poultry flocks are important public health strategies for the control of human campylobacteriosis. A critical review of the literature on interventions to control Campylobacter in poultry on farms was undertaken using a systematic approach.... Full description

Journal Title: Applied and Environmental Microbiology 2011, Vol. 77(24), p.8605
Main Author: Newell, D. G.
Other Authors: Elvers, K. T. , Dopfer, D. , Hansson, I. , Jones, P. , James, S. , Gittins, J. , Stern, N. J. , Davies, R. , Connerton, I. , Pearson, D. , Salvat, G. , Allen, V. M
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: ISSN: 1098-5336 ; PMID: 21984249
Link: http://aem.asm.org/content/77/24/8605.full
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recordid: asm21984249
title: Biosecurity-Based Interventions and Strategies To Reduce Campylobacter spp. on Poultry Farms
format: Article
creator:
  • Newell, D. G.
  • Elvers, K. T.
  • Dopfer, D.
  • Hansson, I.
  • Jones, P.
  • James, S.
  • Gittins, J.
  • Stern, N. J.
  • Davies, R.
  • Connerton, I.
  • Pearson, D.
  • Salvat, G.
  • Allen, V. M
subjects:
  • Engineering
  • Biology
  • Economics
ispartof: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 2011, Vol. 77(24), p.8605
description: The prevention and control of Campylobacter colonization of poultry flocks are important public health strategies for the control of human campylobacteriosis. A critical review of the literature on interventions to control Campylobacter in poultry on farms was undertaken using a systematic approach. Although the focus of the review was on aspects appropriate to the United Kingdom poultry industry, the research reviewed was gathered from worldwide literature. Multiple electronic databases were employed to search the literature, in any language, from 1980 to September 2008. A primary set of 4,316 references was identified and scanned, using specific agreed-upon criteria, to select relevant references related to biosecurity-based interventions. The final library comprised 173 references. Identification of the sources of Campylobacter in poultry flocks was required to inform the development of targeted interventions to disrupt transmission routes. The approach used generally involved risk factor-based surveys related to culture-positive or -negative flocks, usually combined with a structured questionnaire. In addition, some studies, either in combination or independently, undertook intervention trials. Many of these studies were compromised by poor design, sampling, and statistical analysis. The evidence for each potential source and route of transmission on the poultry farm was reviewed critically, and the options for intervention were considered. The review concluded that, in most instances, biosecurity on conventional broiler farms can be enhanced and this should contribute to the reduction of flock colonization. However, complementary, non-biosecurity-based approaches will also be required in the future to maximize the reduction of Campylobacter-positive flocks at the farm level.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 1098-5336 ; PMID: 21984249
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 1098-5336
  • 10985336
url: Link


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titleBiosecurity-Based Interventions and Strategies To Reduce Campylobacter spp. on Poultry Farms
creatorNewell, D. G. ; Elvers, K. T. ; Dopfer, D. ; Hansson, I. ; Jones, P. ; James, S. ; Gittins, J. ; Stern, N. J. ; Davies, R. ; Connerton, I. ; Pearson, D. ; Salvat, G. ; Allen, V. M
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descriptionThe prevention and control of Campylobacter colonization of poultry flocks are important public health strategies for the control of human campylobacteriosis. A critical review of the literature on interventions to control Campylobacter in poultry on farms was undertaken using a systematic approach. Although the focus of the review was on aspects appropriate to the United Kingdom poultry industry, the research reviewed was gathered from worldwide literature. Multiple electronic databases were employed to search the literature, in any language, from 1980 to September 2008. A primary set of 4,316 references was identified and scanned, using specific agreed-upon criteria, to select relevant references related to biosecurity-based interventions. The final library comprised 173 references. Identification of the sources of Campylobacter in poultry flocks was required to inform the development of targeted interventions to disrupt transmission routes. The approach used generally involved risk factor-based surveys related to culture-positive or -negative flocks, usually combined with a structured questionnaire. In addition, some studies, either in combination or independently, undertook intervention trials. Many of these studies were compromised by poor design, sampling, and statistical analysis. The evidence for each potential source and route of transmission on the poultry farm was reviewed critically, and the options for intervention were considered. The review concluded that, in most instances, biosecurity on conventional broiler farms can be enhanced and this should contribute to the reduction of flock colonization. However, complementary, non-biosecurity-based approaches will also be required in the future to maximize the reduction of Campylobacter-positive flocks at the farm level.
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