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Relationship between Mediterranean Dietary Polyphenol Intake and Obesity

Abstract: Obesity is a multifactorial and complex disease defined by excess of adipose mass and constitutes a serious health problem. Adipose tissue acts as an endocrine organ secreting a wide range of inflammatory adipocytokines, which leads to systemic inflammation, insulin resistance, and metabol... Full description

Journal Title: https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10101523
Main Author: Castro - Barquero, Sara
Other Authors: Lamuela Raventós, Rosa Ma. , Doménech, Mónica , Estruch Riba, Ramon
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Quelle: Universitat de Barcelona
ID: ISSN: 2072-6643
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recordid: barcelona2445/129445
title: Relationship between Mediterranean Dietary Polyphenol Intake and Obesity
format: Article
creator:
  • Castro - Barquero, Sara
  • Lamuela Raventós, Rosa Ma.
  • Doménech, Mónica
  • Estruch Riba, Ramon
subjects:
  • Cuina Mediterrània
  • Obesitat
  • Oli D'Oliva
  • Polifenols
  • Mediterranean Cooking
  • Obesity
  • Olive Oil
  • Polyphenols
ispartof: https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10101523
description: Abstract: Obesity is a multifactorial and complex disease defined by excess of adipose mass and constitutes a serious health problem. Adipose tissue acts as an endocrine organ secreting a wide range of inflammatory adipocytokines, which leads to systemic inflammation, insulin resistance, and metabolic disorders. The traditional Mediterranean diet is characterized by a high phenolic-rich foods intake, including extra-virgin olive oil, nuts, red wine, vegetables, fruits, legumes, and whole-grain cereals. Evidence for polyphenols' effect on obesity and weight control in humans is inconsistent and the health effects of polyphenols depend on the amount consumed and their bioavailability. The mechanisms involved in weight loss in which polyphenols may have a role are: activating β-oxidation; a prebiotic effect for gut microbiota; inducing satiety; stimulating energy expenditure by inducing thermogenesis in brown adipose tissue; modulating adipose tissue inhibiting adipocyte differentiation; promoting adipocyte apoptosis and increasing lipolysis. Even though the intake of some specific polyphenols has been associated with body weight changes, there is still no evidence for the effects of total polyphenols or some polyphenol subclasses in humans on adiposity. Keywords: dietary intake; catechins; resveratrol; olive oil; wine; BMI
language: eng
source: Universitat de Barcelona
identifier: ISSN: 2072-6643
fulltext: fulltext_linktorsrc
issn:
  • 20726643
  • 2072-6643
url: Link


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titleRelationship between Mediterranean Dietary Polyphenol Intake and Obesity
creatorCastro - Barquero, Sara ; Lamuela Raventós, Rosa Ma. ; Doménech, Mónica ; Estruch Riba, Ramon
ispartofhttps://doi.org/10.3390/nu10101523
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subjectCuina Mediterrània ; Obesitat ; Oli D'Oliva ; Polifenols ; Mediterranean Cooking ; Obesity ; Olive Oil ; Polyphenols
descriptionAbstract: Obesity is a multifactorial and complex disease defined by excess of adipose mass and constitutes a serious health problem. Adipose tissue acts as an endocrine organ secreting a wide range of inflammatory adipocytokines, which leads to systemic inflammation, insulin resistance, and metabolic disorders. The traditional Mediterranean diet is characterized by a high phenolic-rich foods intake, including extra-virgin olive oil, nuts, red wine, vegetables, fruits, legumes, and whole-grain cereals. Evidence for polyphenols' effect on obesity and weight control in humans is inconsistent and the health effects of polyphenols depend on the amount consumed and their bioavailability. The mechanisms involved in weight loss in which polyphenols may have a role are: activating β-oxidation; a prebiotic effect for gut microbiota; inducing satiety; stimulating energy expenditure by inducing thermogenesis in brown adipose tissue; modulating adipose tissue inhibiting adipocyte differentiation; promoting adipocyte apoptosis and increasing lipolysis. Even though the intake of some specific polyphenols has been associated with body weight changes, there is still no evidence for the effects of total polyphenols or some polyphenol subclasses in humans on adiposity. Keywords: dietary intake; catechins; resveratrol; olive oil; wine; BMI
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descriptionAbstract: Obesity is a multifactorial and complex disease defined by excess of adipose mass and constitutes a serious health problem. Adipose tissue acts as an endocrine organ secreting a wide range of inflammatory adipocytokines, which leads to systemic inflammation, insulin resistance, and metabolic disorders. The traditional Mediterranean diet is characterized by a high phenolic-rich foods intake, including extra-virgin olive oil, nuts, red wine, vegetables, fruits, legumes, and whole-grain cereals. Evidence for polyphenols' effect on obesity and weight control in humans is inconsistent and the health effects of polyphenols depend on the amount consumed and their bioavailability. The mechanisms involved in weight loss in which polyphenols may have a role are: activating β-oxidation; a prebiotic effect for gut microbiota; inducing satiety; stimulating energy expenditure by inducing thermogenesis in brown adipose tissue; modulating adipose tissue inhibiting adipocyte differentiation; promoting adipocyte apoptosis and increasing lipolysis. Even though the intake of some specific polyphenols has been associated with body weight changes, there is still no evidence for the effects of total polyphenols or some polyphenol subclasses in humans on adiposity. Keywords: dietary intake; catechins; resveratrol; olive oil; wine; BMI
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abstractAbstract: Obesity is a multifactorial and complex disease defined by excess of adipose mass and constitutes a serious health problem. Adipose tissue acts as an endocrine organ secreting a wide range of inflammatory adipocytokines, which leads to systemic inflammation, insulin resistance, and metabolic disorders. The traditional Mediterranean diet is characterized by a high phenolic-rich foods intake, including extra-virgin olive oil, nuts, red wine, vegetables, fruits, legumes, and whole-grain cereals. Evidence for polyphenols' effect on obesity and weight control in humans is inconsistent and the health effects of polyphenols depend on the amount consumed and their bioavailability. The mechanisms involved in weight loss in which polyphenols may have a role are: activating β-oxidation; a prebiotic effect for gut microbiota; inducing satiety; stimulating energy expenditure by inducing thermogenesis in brown adipose tissue; modulating adipose tissue inhibiting adipocyte differentiation; promoting adipocyte apoptosis and increasing lipolysis. Even though the intake of some specific polyphenols has been associated with body weight changes, there is still no evidence for the effects of total polyphenols or some polyphenol subclasses in humans on adiposity. Keywords: dietary intake; catechins; resveratrol; olive oil; wine; BMI
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