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Fried food consumption, genetic risk, and body mass index: gene-diet interaction analysis in three US cohort studies

To examine the interactions between genetic predisposition and consumption of fried food in relation to body mass index (BMI) and obesity.

Journal Title: BMJ : British Medical Journal 19 March 2014, Vol.348
Main Author: Qi, Qibin
Other Authors: Chu, Audrey Y , Kang, Jae H , Huang, Jinyan , Rose, Lynda M , Jensen, Majken K , Liang, Liming , Curhan, Gary C , Pasquale, Louis R , Wiggs, Janey L , De Vivo, Immaculata , Chan, Andrew T , Choi, Hyon K , Tamimi, Rulla M , Ridker, Paul M , Hunter, David J , Willett, Walter C , Rimm, Eric B , Chasman, Daniel I , Hu, Frank B , Qi, Lu
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Us
Publisher: British Medical Journal Publishing Group
ID: E-ISSN: 1756-1833 ; DOI: 10.1136/bmj.g1610 ; PMID: 24646652
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recordid: bmj_journals10.1136/bmj.g1610
title: Fried food consumption, genetic risk, and body mass index: gene-diet interaction analysis in three US cohort studies
format: Article
creator:
  • Qi, Qibin
  • Chu, Audrey Y
  • Kang, Jae H
  • Huang, Jinyan
  • Rose, Lynda M
  • Jensen, Majken K
  • Liang, Liming
  • Curhan, Gary C
  • Pasquale, Louis R
  • Wiggs, Janey L
  • De Vivo, Immaculata
  • Chan, Andrew T
  • Choi, Hyon K
  • Tamimi, Rulla M
  • Ridker, Paul M
  • Hunter, David J
  • Willett, Walter C
  • Rimm, Eric B
  • Chasman, Daniel I
  • Hu, Frank B
  • Qi, Lu
subjects:
  • Us
ispartof: BMJ : British Medical Journal, 19 March 2014, Vol.348
description: To examine the interactions between genetic predisposition and consumption of fried food in relation to body mass index (BMI) and obesity.
language: eng
source:
identifier: E-ISSN: 1756-1833 ; DOI: 10.1136/bmj.g1610 ; PMID: 24646652
fulltext: fulltext_linktorsrc
issn:
  • 17561833
  • 1756-1833
url: Link


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atitleFried food consumption, genetic risk, and body mass index: gene-diet interaction analysis in three US cohort studies
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0To examine the interactions between genetic predisposition and consumption of fried food in relation to body mass index (BMI) and obesity.
1Prospective cohort study.
2Health professionals in the United States.
39623 women from the Nurses’ Health Study, 6379 men from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study, and a replication cohort of 21 421 women from the Women’s Genome Health Study.
4Repeated measurement of BMI over follow-up.
5There was an interaction between fried food consumption and a genetic risk score based on 32 BMI-associated variants on BMI in both the Nurses’ Health Study and Health Professionals Follow-up Study (P≤0.001 for interaction). Among participants in the highest third of the genetic risk score, the differences in BMI between individuals who consumed fried foods four or more times a week and those who consumed fried foods less than once a week amounted to 1.0 (SE 0.2) in women and 0.7 (SE 0.2) in men, whereas the corresponding differences were 0.5 (SE 0.2) and 0.4 (SE 0.2) in the lowest third of the genetic risk score. The gene-diet interaction was replicated in the Women’s Genome Health Study (P<0.001 for interaction). Viewed differently, the genetic association with adiposity was strengthened with higher consumption of fried foods. In the combined three cohorts, the differences in BMI per 10 risk alleles were 1.1 (SE 0.2), 1.6 (SE 0.3), and 2.2 (SE 0.6) for fried food consumption less than once, one to three times, and four or more times a week (P<0.001 for interaction); and the odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) for obesity per 10 risk alleles were 1.61 (1.40 to 1.87), 2.12 (1.73 to 2.59), and 2.72 (2.12 to 3.48) across the three categories of consumption (P=0.002 for interaction). In addition, the variants in or near genes highly expressed or known to act in the central nervous system showed significant interactions with fried food consumption, with the FTO (fat mass and obesity associated) variant showing the strongest result (P<0.001 for interaction).
6Our findings suggest that consumption of fried food could interact with genetic background in relation to obesity, highlighting the particular importance of reducing fried food consumption in individuals genetically predisposed to obesity.
pubBritish Medical Journal Publishing Group
doi10.1136/bmj.g1610
urlhttp://bmj.com/content/348/bmj.g1610.full.pdf
pmid24646652
oafree_for_read
issuemar19 1
pagesg1610
date2014-03-19