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Employment status is associated with both physical and mental health quality of life in people living with HIV

To evaluate the relationship between employment status and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in HIV/AIDS. A total of 361 participants provided baseline data in the context of an ongoing cohort study examining the natural history of neurobehavioral functioning and its effects on HRQOL. We admini... Full description

Journal Title: AIDS care 2011-04-01, Vol.23 (4), p.435-443
Main Author: Rueda, Sergio
Other Authors: Raboud, Janet , Mustard, Cameron , Bayoumi, Ahmed , Lavis, John N. , Rourke, Sean B.
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
HIV
Quelle: Alma/SFX Local Collection
Publisher: Abingdon: Taylor & Francis Group
ID: ISSN: 0954-0121
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recordid: cdi_crossref_primary_10_1080_09540121_2010_507952
title: Employment status is associated with both physical and mental health quality of life in people living with HIV
format: Article
creator:
  • Rueda, Sergio
  • Raboud, Janet
  • Mustard, Cameron
  • Bayoumi, Ahmed
  • Lavis, John N.
  • Rourke, Sean B.
subjects:
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • AIDS
  • AIDS/HIV
  • Biological and medical sciences
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • cross-sectional study
  • Demographics
  • Employees
  • Employment
  • Employment - psychology
  • Employment status
  • Female
  • Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology
  • Health
  • Health Status
  • health-related quality of life
  • HIV
  • HIV Infections - psychology
  • Human immunodeficiency virus
  • Human viral diseases
  • Humans
  • Illness and personality
  • Illness, stress and coping
  • Infectious diseases
  • Male
  • Medical diagnosis
  • Medical sciences
  • Mental Health
  • Middle Aged
  • Multivariate analysis
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • Psychology and medicine
  • Psychology. Psychoanalysis. Psychiatry
  • Psychology. Psychophysiology
  • Quality of life
  • Quality of Life - psychology
  • Regression analysis
  • Symptoms
  • Viral diseases
  • Viral diseases of the lymphoid tissue and the blood. Aids
  • Young Adult
ispartof: AIDS care, 2011-04-01, Vol.23 (4), p.435-443
description: To evaluate the relationship between employment status and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in HIV/AIDS. A total of 361 participants provided baseline data in the context of an ongoing cohort study examining the natural history of neurobehavioral functioning and its effects on HRQOL. We administered tests and collected laboratory data to determine demographic status, HIV disease markers, psychosocial symptom burden, neurocognitive function and HRQOL (MOS-HIV). We performed regression analyses to evaluate the contribution of employment status to the physical and mental health components of quality of life (QOL). Multivariate analyses showed that employment status was strongly related to better physical and mental health QOL after controlling for potential confounders. We found, however, that employment status had a greater impact on physical health than mental health QOL [physical health (β = 6.8, 95% CI 4.6 to 9.1) and mental health QOL (β = 3.3, 95% CI 0.93 to 5.7)]. The effect of employment for physical health QOL was stronger than that observed for ethnicity, social support, or having an AIDS diagnosis and was comparable to that observed with having many HIV-related symptoms. This cross-sectional study suggests that there may be physical and mental health benefits associated with obtaining or keeping employment, or more likely that both selection and causation mechanisms comprise an interactional and reinforcing process.
language: eng
source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
identifier: ISSN: 0954-0121
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0954-0121
  • 1360-0451
url: Link


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descriptionTo evaluate the relationship between employment status and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in HIV/AIDS. A total of 361 participants provided baseline data in the context of an ongoing cohort study examining the natural history of neurobehavioral functioning and its effects on HRQOL. We administered tests and collected laboratory data to determine demographic status, HIV disease markers, psychosocial symptom burden, neurocognitive function and HRQOL (MOS-HIV). We performed regression analyses to evaluate the contribution of employment status to the physical and mental health components of quality of life (QOL). Multivariate analyses showed that employment status was strongly related to better physical and mental health QOL after controlling for potential confounders. We found, however, that employment status had a greater impact on physical health than mental health QOL [physical health (β = 6.8, 95% CI 4.6 to 9.1) and mental health QOL (β = 3.3, 95% CI 0.93 to 5.7)]. The effect of employment for physical health QOL was stronger than that observed for ethnicity, social support, or having an AIDS diagnosis and was comparable to that observed with having many HIV-related symptoms. This cross-sectional study suggests that there may be physical and mental health benefits associated with obtaining or keeping employment, or more likely that both selection and causation mechanisms comprise an interactional and reinforcing process.
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subjectAdolescent ; Adult ; Aged ; AIDS ; AIDS/HIV ; Biological and medical sciences ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; cross-sectional study ; Demographics ; Employees ; Employment ; Employment - psychology ; Employment status ; Female ; Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology ; Health ; Health Status ; health-related quality of life ; HIV ; HIV Infections - psychology ; Human immunodeficiency virus ; Human viral diseases ; Humans ; Illness and personality ; Illness, stress and coping ; Infectious diseases ; Male ; Medical diagnosis ; Medical sciences ; Mental Health ; Middle Aged ; Multivariate analysis ; Neuropsychological Tests ; Psychology and medicine ; Psychology. Psychoanalysis. Psychiatry ; Psychology. Psychophysiology ; Quality of life ; Quality of Life - psychology ; Regression analysis ; Symptoms ; Viral diseases ; Viral diseases of the lymphoid tissue and the blood. Aids ; Young Adult
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descriptionTo evaluate the relationship between employment status and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in HIV/AIDS. A total of 361 participants provided baseline data in the context of an ongoing cohort study examining the natural history of neurobehavioral functioning and its effects on HRQOL. We administered tests and collected laboratory data to determine demographic status, HIV disease markers, psychosocial symptom burden, neurocognitive function and HRQOL (MOS-HIV). We performed regression analyses to evaluate the contribution of employment status to the physical and mental health components of quality of life (QOL). Multivariate analyses showed that employment status was strongly related to better physical and mental health QOL after controlling for potential confounders. We found, however, that employment status had a greater impact on physical health than mental health QOL [physical health (β = 6.8, 95% CI 4.6 to 9.1) and mental health QOL (β = 3.3, 95% CI 0.93 to 5.7)]. The effect of employment for physical health QOL was stronger than that observed for ethnicity, social support, or having an AIDS diagnosis and was comparable to that observed with having many HIV-related symptoms. This cross-sectional study suggests that there may be physical and mental health benefits associated with obtaining or keeping employment, or more likely that both selection and causation mechanisms comprise an interactional and reinforcing process.
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abstractTo evaluate the relationship between employment status and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in HIV/AIDS. A total of 361 participants provided baseline data in the context of an ongoing cohort study examining the natural history of neurobehavioral functioning and its effects on HRQOL. We administered tests and collected laboratory data to determine demographic status, HIV disease markers, psychosocial symptom burden, neurocognitive function and HRQOL (MOS-HIV). We performed regression analyses to evaluate the contribution of employment status to the physical and mental health components of quality of life (QOL). Multivariate analyses showed that employment status was strongly related to better physical and mental health QOL after controlling for potential confounders. We found, however, that employment status had a greater impact on physical health than mental health QOL [physical health (β = 6.8, 95% CI 4.6 to 9.1) and mental health QOL (β = 3.3, 95% CI 0.93 to 5.7)]. The effect of employment for physical health QOL was stronger than that observed for ethnicity, social support, or having an AIDS diagnosis and was comparable to that observed with having many HIV-related symptoms. This cross-sectional study suggests that there may be physical and mental health benefits associated with obtaining or keeping employment, or more likely that both selection and causation mechanisms comprise an interactional and reinforcing process.
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doi10.1080/09540121.2010.507952