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Effect of Prophylactic Methicillin on Cerebrospinal Fluid Shunt Infections in Children

abstract This study retrospectively and prospectively analyzes uncomplicated, noninfected, primary ventriculoperitoneal shunting procedures and ventriculoperitoneal shunt revisions in children done at the University of Wisconsin Hospital from July 1973 to December 1979. We compared the infection rat... Full description

Journal Title: Neurosurgery 1981-07-01, Vol.9 (1), p.6-8
Main Author: Ajir, F.
Other Authors: Levin, A. B. , Duff, T. A.
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
ID: ISSN: 0148-396X
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title: Effect of Prophylactic Methicillin on Cerebrospinal Fluid Shunt Infections in Children
format: Article
creator:
  • Ajir, F.
  • Levin, A. B.
  • Duff, T. A.
ispartof: Neurosurgery, 1981-07-01, Vol.9 (1), p.6-8
description: abstract This study retrospectively and prospectively analyzes uncomplicated, noninfected, primary ventriculoperitoneal shunting procedures and ventriculoperitoneal shunt revisions in children done at the University of Wisconsin Hospital from July 1973 to December 1979. We compared the infection rates between patients whose procedures were done without prophylactic antibiotics and those who received prophylactic single dose methicillin at the time of operation. Among 105 procedures done without prophylactic methicillin, there were 8 infections: 4 occurred after 73 primary shunt placements and 4 followed 32 shunt revisions. Among 66 procedures done with prophylactic methicillin. there were 3 infections; all followed primary shunt insertions. There was no infection after 32 shunt revisions in which prophylactic antibiotics were used.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0148-396X
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0148-396X
  • 1524-4040
url: Link


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abstractabstract This study retrospectively and prospectively analyzes uncomplicated, noninfected, primary ventriculoperitoneal shunting procedures and ventriculoperitoneal shunt revisions in children done at the University of Wisconsin Hospital from July 1973 to December 1979. We compared the infection rates between patients whose procedures were done without prophylactic antibiotics and those who received prophylactic single dose methicillin at the time of operation. Among 105 procedures done without prophylactic methicillin, there were 8 infections: 4 occurred after 73 primary shunt placements and 4 followed 32 shunt revisions. Among 66 procedures done with prophylactic methicillin. there were 3 infections; all followed primary shunt insertions. There was no infection after 32 shunt revisions in which prophylactic antibiotics were used.
doi10.1227/00006123-198107000-00002