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Propionibacterium acnes: infection beyond the skin

Propionibacterium acnes is a Gram-positive bacterium that forms part of the normal flora of the skin, oral cavity, large intestine, the conjunctiva and the external ear canal. Although primarily recognized for its role in acne, P. acnes is an opportunistic pathogen, causing a range of postoperative... Full description

Journal Title: Expert review of anti-infective therapy 2011, Vol.9 (12), p.1149-1156
Main Author: Perry, Alexandra
Other Authors: Lambert, Peter
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Eye
Quelle: Alma/SFX Local Collection
Publisher: England: Informa Healthcare
ID: ISSN: 1478-7210
Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22114965
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title: Propionibacterium acnes: infection beyond the skin
format: Article
creator:
  • Perry, Alexandra
  • Lambert, Peter
subjects:
  • Acne
  • Acquired Hyperostosis Syndrome - complications
  • Acquired Hyperostosis Syndrome - drug therapy
  • Acquired Hyperostosis Syndrome - microbiology
  • Acquired Hyperostosis Syndrome - pathology
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents - administration & dosage
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents - therapeutic use
  • Bone and Bones - drug effects
  • Bone and Bones - microbiology
  • Bone and Bones - pathology
  • Brain
  • Brain - drug effects
  • Brain - microbiology
  • Brain - pathology
  • Cancer
  • Conjunctiva
  • Conjunctivitis
  • device related
  • Ear canal
  • Eye
  • Genomes
  • Genomics
  • Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections - complications
  • Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections - drug therapy
  • Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections - microbiology
  • Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections - pathology
  • Heart
  • Humans
  • Implants, Artificial
  • Infection
  • Inflammation
  • Inflammation - complications
  • Inflammation - drug therapy
  • Inflammation - microbiology
  • Inflammation - pathology
  • Joint diseases
  • Large intestine
  • Male
  • Mouth
  • Mouth - drug effects
  • Mouth - microbiology
  • Mouth - pathology
  • Opportunist infection
  • opportunistic pathogen
  • Oral cavity
  • Osteitis
  • Pathogens
  • Propionibacterium acnes
  • Propionibacterium acnes - drug effects
  • Propionibacterium acnes - physiology
  • Prostate
  • Prostate - drug effects
  • Prostate - microbiology
  • Prostate - pathology
  • Prostate cancer
  • Prostatic Neoplasms - microbiology
  • Prosthesis
  • Prosthetics
  • pustulosis
  • Reviews
  • Sarcoidosis
  • Sarcoidosis - complications
  • Sarcoidosis - drug therapy
  • Sarcoidosis - microbiology
  • Sarcoidosis - pathology
  • Shunts
  • Skin
  • Skin - drug effects
  • Skin - microbiology
  • Skin - pathology
  • skin commensal
  • Synovitis
  • Toy industry
  • Virulence
ispartof: Expert review of anti-infective therapy, 2011, Vol.9 (12), p.1149-1156
description: Propionibacterium acnes is a Gram-positive bacterium that forms part of the normal flora of the skin, oral cavity, large intestine, the conjunctiva and the external ear canal. Although primarily recognized for its role in acne, P. acnes is an opportunistic pathogen, causing a range of postoperative and device-related infections. These include infections of the bones and joints, mouth, eye and brain. Device-related infections include those of joint prostheses, shunts and prosthetic heart valves. P. acnes may play a role in other conditions, including inflammation of the prostate leading to cancer, SAPHO (synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, osteitis) syndrome, sarcoidosis and sciatica. If an active role in these conditions is established there are major implications for diagnosis, treatment and protection. Genome sequencing of the organism has provided an insight into the pathogenic potential and virulence of P. acnes.
language: eng
source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
identifier: ISSN: 1478-7210
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 1478-7210
  • 1744-8336
url: Link


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descriptionPropionibacterium acnes is a Gram-positive bacterium that forms part of the normal flora of the skin, oral cavity, large intestine, the conjunctiva and the external ear canal. Although primarily recognized for its role in acne, P. acnes is an opportunistic pathogen, causing a range of postoperative and device-related infections. These include infections of the bones and joints, mouth, eye and brain. Device-related infections include those of joint prostheses, shunts and prosthetic heart valves. P. acnes may play a role in other conditions, including inflammation of the prostate leading to cancer, SAPHO (synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, osteitis) syndrome, sarcoidosis and sciatica. If an active role in these conditions is established there are major implications for diagnosis, treatment and protection. Genome sequencing of the organism has provided an insight into the pathogenic potential and virulence of P. acnes.
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languageeng
publisherEngland: Informa Healthcare
subjectAcne ; Acquired Hyperostosis Syndrome - complications ; Acquired Hyperostosis Syndrome - drug therapy ; Acquired Hyperostosis Syndrome - microbiology ; Acquired Hyperostosis Syndrome - pathology ; Anti-Bacterial Agents - administration & dosage ; Anti-Bacterial Agents - therapeutic use ; Bone and Bones - drug effects ; Bone and Bones - microbiology ; Bone and Bones - pathology ; Brain ; Brain - drug effects ; Brain - microbiology ; Brain - pathology ; Cancer ; Conjunctiva ; Conjunctivitis ; device related ; Ear canal ; Eye ; Genomes ; Genomics ; Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections - complications ; Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections - drug therapy ; Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections - microbiology ; Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections - pathology ; Heart ; Humans ; Implants, Artificial ; Infection ; Inflammation ; Inflammation - complications ; Inflammation - drug therapy ; Inflammation - microbiology ; Inflammation - pathology ; Joint diseases ; Large intestine ; Male ; Mouth ; Mouth - drug effects ; Mouth - microbiology ; Mouth - pathology ; Opportunist infection ; opportunistic pathogen ; Oral cavity ; Osteitis ; Pathogens ; Propionibacterium acnes ; Propionibacterium acnes - drug effects ; Propionibacterium acnes - physiology ; Prostate ; Prostate - drug effects ; Prostate - microbiology ; Prostate - pathology ; Prostate cancer ; Prostatic Neoplasms - microbiology ; Prosthesis ; Prosthetics ; pustulosis ; Reviews ; Sarcoidosis ; Sarcoidosis - complications ; Sarcoidosis - drug therapy ; Sarcoidosis - microbiology ; Sarcoidosis - pathology ; Shunts ; Skin ; Skin - drug effects ; Skin - microbiology ; Skin - pathology ; skin commensal ; Synovitis ; Toy industry ; Virulence
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descriptionPropionibacterium acnes is a Gram-positive bacterium that forms part of the normal flora of the skin, oral cavity, large intestine, the conjunctiva and the external ear canal. Although primarily recognized for its role in acne, P. acnes is an opportunistic pathogen, causing a range of postoperative and device-related infections. These include infections of the bones and joints, mouth, eye and brain. Device-related infections include those of joint prostheses, shunts and prosthetic heart valves. P. acnes may play a role in other conditions, including inflammation of the prostate leading to cancer, SAPHO (synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, osteitis) syndrome, sarcoidosis and sciatica. If an active role in these conditions is established there are major implications for diagnosis, treatment and protection. Genome sequencing of the organism has provided an insight into the pathogenic potential and virulence of P. acnes.
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0Acne
1Acquired Hyperostosis Syndrome - complications
2Acquired Hyperostosis Syndrome - drug therapy
3Acquired Hyperostosis Syndrome - microbiology
4Acquired Hyperostosis Syndrome - pathology
5Anti-Bacterial Agents - administration & dosage
6Anti-Bacterial Agents - therapeutic use
7Bone and Bones - drug effects
8Bone and Bones - microbiology
9Bone and Bones - pathology
10Brain
11Brain - drug effects
12Brain - microbiology
13Brain - pathology
14Cancer
15Conjunctiva
16Conjunctivitis
17device related
18Ear canal
19Eye
20Genomes
21Genomics
22Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections - complications
23Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections - drug therapy
24Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections - microbiology
25Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections - pathology
26Heart
27Humans
28Implants, Artificial
29Infection
30Inflammation
31Inflammation - complications
32Inflammation - drug therapy
33Inflammation - microbiology
34Inflammation - pathology
35Joint diseases
36Large intestine
37Male
38Mouth
39Mouth - drug effects
40Mouth - microbiology
41Mouth - pathology
42Opportunist infection
43opportunistic pathogen
44Oral cavity
45Osteitis
46Pathogens
47Propionibacterium acnes
48Propionibacterium acnes - drug effects
49Propionibacterium acnes - physiology
50Prostate
51Prostate - drug effects
52Prostate - microbiology
53Prostate - pathology
54Prostate cancer
55Prostatic Neoplasms - microbiology
56Prosthesis
57Prosthetics
58pustulosis
59Reviews
60Sarcoidosis
61Sarcoidosis - complications
62Sarcoidosis - drug therapy
63Sarcoidosis - microbiology
64Sarcoidosis - pathology
65Shunts
66Skin
67Skin - drug effects
68Skin - microbiology
69Skin - pathology
70skin commensal
71Synovitis
72Toy industry
73Virulence
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0Acne
1Acquired Hyperostosis Syndrome - complications
2Acquired Hyperostosis Syndrome - drug therapy
3Acquired Hyperostosis Syndrome - microbiology
4Acquired Hyperostosis Syndrome - pathology
5Anti-Bacterial Agents - administration & dosage
6Anti-Bacterial Agents - therapeutic use
7Bone and Bones - drug effects
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14Cancer
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16Conjunctivitis
17device related
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19Eye
20Genomes
21Genomics
22Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections - complications
23Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections - drug therapy
24Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections - microbiology
25Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections - pathology
26Heart
27Humans
28Implants, Artificial
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31Inflammation - complications
32Inflammation - drug therapy
33Inflammation - microbiology
34Inflammation - pathology
35Joint diseases
36Large intestine
37Male
38Mouth
39Mouth - drug effects
40Mouth - microbiology
41Mouth - pathology
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64Sarcoidosis - pathology
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66Skin
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69Skin - pathology
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72Toy industry
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issn1478-7210
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abstractPropionibacterium acnes is a Gram-positive bacterium that forms part of the normal flora of the skin, oral cavity, large intestine, the conjunctiva and the external ear canal. Although primarily recognized for its role in acne, P. acnes is an opportunistic pathogen, causing a range of postoperative and device-related infections. These include infections of the bones and joints, mouth, eye and brain. Device-related infections include those of joint prostheses, shunts and prosthetic heart valves. P. acnes may play a role in other conditions, including inflammation of the prostate leading to cancer, SAPHO (synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, osteitis) syndrome, sarcoidosis and sciatica. If an active role in these conditions is established there are major implications for diagnosis, treatment and protection. Genome sequencing of the organism has provided an insight into the pathogenic potential and virulence of P. acnes.
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pmid22114965
doi10.1586/eri.11.137