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The Employment Precariousness Scale (EPRES): psychometric properties of a new tool for epidemiological studies among waged and salaried workers

Background Despite the fact that labour market flexibility has resulted in an expansion of precarious employment in industrialised countries, to date there is limited empirical evidence concerning its health consequences. The Employment Precariousness Scale (EPRES) is a newly developed, theory-based... Full description

Journal Title: Occupational and environmental medicine (London England), 2010-08, Vol.67 (8), p.548-555
Main Author: Vives, Alejandra
Other Authors: Amable, Marcelo , Ferrer, Montserrat , Moncada, Salvador , Llorens, Clara , Muntaner, Carles , Benavides, Fernando G , Benach, Joan
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Quelle: Alma/SFX Local Collection
Publisher: England: BMJ Publishing Group Ltd
ID: ISSN: 1351-0711
Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20576923
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title: The Employment Precariousness Scale (EPRES): psychometric properties of a new tool for epidemiological studies among waged and salaried workers
format: Article
creator:
  • Vives, Alejandra
  • Amable, Marcelo
  • Ferrer, Montserrat
  • Moncada, Salvador
  • Llorens, Clara
  • Muntaner, Carles
  • Benavides, Fernando G
  • Benach, Joan
subjects:
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Employment
  • Employment - psychology
  • Employment - statistics & numerical data
  • Employment precariousness
  • epidemiology
  • Espanya
  • Estadístiques
  • Female
  • health and safety
  • Humans
  • Job satisfaction
  • Labor markets
  • Male
  • mental health
  • Middle Aged
  • Occupational Health
  • Ocupació
  • Perceived health
  • Personnel Turnover
  • Precarious employment
  • Psychological aspects
  • Psychometrics
  • Psychometrics - methods
  • public health
  • Questionnaires
  • Research
  • Salut en el treball
  • sociology
  • Spain - epidemiology
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Temporary employment
  • Temporary labor
  • Treball precari
  • Validity
  • Wages
  • Work environment
  • Work environments
  • Working conditions
  • Workplace
  • Workplaces
  • Young Adult
ispartof: Occupational and environmental medicine (London, England), 2010-08, Vol.67 (8), p.548-555
description: Background Despite the fact that labour market flexibility has resulted in an expansion of precarious employment in industrialised countries, to date there is limited empirical evidence concerning its health consequences. The Employment Precariousness Scale (EPRES) is a newly developed, theory-based, multidimensional questionnaire specifically devised for epidemiological studies among waged and salaried workers. Objective To assess the acceptability, reliability and construct validity of EPRES in a sample of waged and salaried workers in Spain. Methods A sample of 6968 temporary and permanent workers from a population-based survey carried out in 2004–2005 was analysed. The survey questionnaire was interviewer administered and included the six EPRES subscales, and measures of the psychosocial work environment (COPSOQ ISTAS21) and perceived general and mental health (SF-36). Results A high response rate to all EPRES items indicated good acceptability; Cronbach's α coefficients, over 0.70 for all subscales and the global score, demonstrated good internal consistency reliability; exploratory factor analysis using principal axis analysis and varimax rotation confirmed the six-subscale structure and the theoretical allocation of all items. Patterns across known groups and correlation coefficients with psychosocial work environment measures and perceived health demonstrated the expected relations, providing evidence of construct validity. Conclusions Our results provide evidence in support of the psychometric properties of EPRES, which appears to be a promising tool for the measurement of employment precariousness in public health research.
language: eng
source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
identifier: ISSN: 1351-0711
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 1351-0711
  • 1470-7926
url: Link


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titleThe Employment Precariousness Scale (EPRES): psychometric properties of a new tool for epidemiological studies among waged and salaried workers
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creatorVives, Alejandra ; Amable, Marcelo ; Ferrer, Montserrat ; Moncada, Salvador ; Llorens, Clara ; Muntaner, Carles ; Benavides, Fernando G ; Benach, Joan
creatorcontribVives, Alejandra ; Amable, Marcelo ; Ferrer, Montserrat ; Moncada, Salvador ; Llorens, Clara ; Muntaner, Carles ; Benavides, Fernando G ; Benach, Joan
descriptionBackground Despite the fact that labour market flexibility has resulted in an expansion of precarious employment in industrialised countries, to date there is limited empirical evidence concerning its health consequences. The Employment Precariousness Scale (EPRES) is a newly developed, theory-based, multidimensional questionnaire specifically devised for epidemiological studies among waged and salaried workers. Objective To assess the acceptability, reliability and construct validity of EPRES in a sample of waged and salaried workers in Spain. Methods A sample of 6968 temporary and permanent workers from a population-based survey carried out in 2004–2005 was analysed. The survey questionnaire was interviewer administered and included the six EPRES subscales, and measures of the psychosocial work environment (COPSOQ ISTAS21) and perceived general and mental health (SF-36). Results A high response rate to all EPRES items indicated good acceptability; Cronbach's α coefficients, over 0.70 for all subscales and the global score, demonstrated good internal consistency reliability; exploratory factor analysis using principal axis analysis and varimax rotation confirmed the six-subscale structure and the theoretical allocation of all items. Patterns across known groups and correlation coefficients with psychosocial work environment measures and perceived health demonstrated the expected relations, providing evidence of construct validity. Conclusions Our results provide evidence in support of the psychometric properties of EPRES, which appears to be a promising tool for the measurement of employment precariousness in public health research.
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subjectAdolescent ; Adult ; Aged ; Employment ; Employment - psychology ; Employment - statistics & numerical data ; Employment precariousness ; epidemiology ; Espanya ; Estadístiques ; Female ; health and safety ; Humans ; Job satisfaction ; Labor markets ; Male ; mental health ; Middle Aged ; Occupational Health ; Ocupació ; Perceived health ; Personnel Turnover ; Precarious employment ; Psychological aspects ; Psychometrics ; Psychometrics - methods ; public health ; Questionnaires ; Research ; Salut en el treball ; sociology ; Spain - epidemiology ; Surveys and Questionnaires ; Temporary employment ; Temporary labor ; Treball precari ; Validity ; Wages ; Work environment ; Work environments ; Working conditions ; Workplace ; Workplaces ; Young Adult
ispartofOccupational and environmental medicine (London, England), 2010-08, Vol.67 (8), p.548-555
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7Benach, Joan
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descriptionBackground Despite the fact that labour market flexibility has resulted in an expansion of precarious employment in industrialised countries, to date there is limited empirical evidence concerning its health consequences. The Employment Precariousness Scale (EPRES) is a newly developed, theory-based, multidimensional questionnaire specifically devised for epidemiological studies among waged and salaried workers. Objective To assess the acceptability, reliability and construct validity of EPRES in a sample of waged and salaried workers in Spain. Methods A sample of 6968 temporary and permanent workers from a population-based survey carried out in 2004–2005 was analysed. The survey questionnaire was interviewer administered and included the six EPRES subscales, and measures of the psychosocial work environment (COPSOQ ISTAS21) and perceived general and mental health (SF-36). Results A high response rate to all EPRES items indicated good acceptability; Cronbach's α coefficients, over 0.70 for all subscales and the global score, demonstrated good internal consistency reliability; exploratory factor analysis using principal axis analysis and varimax rotation confirmed the six-subscale structure and the theoretical allocation of all items. Patterns across known groups and correlation coefficients with psychosocial work environment measures and perceived health demonstrated the expected relations, providing evidence of construct validity. Conclusions Our results provide evidence in support of the psychometric properties of EPRES, which appears to be a promising tool for the measurement of employment precariousness in public health research.
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43Young Adult
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atitleThe Employment Precariousness Scale (EPRES): psychometric properties of a new tool for epidemiological studies among waged and salaried workers
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abstractBackground Despite the fact that labour market flexibility has resulted in an expansion of precarious employment in industrialised countries, to date there is limited empirical evidence concerning its health consequences. The Employment Precariousness Scale (EPRES) is a newly developed, theory-based, multidimensional questionnaire specifically devised for epidemiological studies among waged and salaried workers. Objective To assess the acceptability, reliability and construct validity of EPRES in a sample of waged and salaried workers in Spain. Methods A sample of 6968 temporary and permanent workers from a population-based survey carried out in 2004–2005 was analysed. The survey questionnaire was interviewer administered and included the six EPRES subscales, and measures of the psychosocial work environment (COPSOQ ISTAS21) and perceived general and mental health (SF-36). Results A high response rate to all EPRES items indicated good acceptability; Cronbach's α coefficients, over 0.70 for all subscales and the global score, demonstrated good internal consistency reliability; exploratory factor analysis using principal axis analysis and varimax rotation confirmed the six-subscale structure and the theoretical allocation of all items. Patterns across known groups and correlation coefficients with psychosocial work environment measures and perceived health demonstrated the expected relations, providing evidence of construct validity. Conclusions Our results provide evidence in support of the psychometric properties of EPRES, which appears to be a promising tool for the measurement of employment precariousness in public health research.
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