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Antibacterial effect of some essential oils administered alone or in combination with Norfloxacin

The objective of the present study was that of verifying a possible synergistic antibacterial effect between Pelargonium graveolens [Lis-Balchin, M., Deans, S.G., Hart, S., 1996. Bioactive Geranium oils from different commercial sources. J. Essential Oil Res. 8, 281–290.] essential oil (and its main... Full description

Journal Title: Phytomedicine (Stuttgart) 2007, Vol.14 (11), p.727-732
Main Author: Rosato, Antonio
Other Authors: Vitali, Cesare , De Laurentis, Nicolino , Armenise, Domenico , Antonietta Milillo, Maria
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Quelle: Alma/SFX Local Collection
Publisher: Germany: Elsevier GmbH
ID: ISSN: 0944-7113
Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17303397
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recordid: cdi_gale_infotracacademiconefile_A172176716
title: Antibacterial effect of some essential oils administered alone or in combination with Norfloxacin
format: Article
creator:
  • Rosato, Antonio
  • Vitali, Cesare
  • De Laurentis, Nicolino
  • Armenise, Domenico
  • Antonietta Milillo, Maria
subjects:
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents - administration & dosage
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents - pharmacology
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents - therapeutic use
  • Bacterial infections
  • Citronellol
  • Dosage and administration
  • Drug Synergism
  • Drug therapy
  • Drug Therapy, Combination
  • Geraniol
  • Gram-Negative Bacteria - drug effects
  • Gram-Positive Bacteria - drug effects
  • Health aspects
  • Humans
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests
  • Norfloxacin
  • Norfloxacin - administration & dosage
  • Norfloxacin - pharmacology
  • Norfloxacin - therapeutic use
  • Pelargonium
  • Pelargonium essential oil
  • Phytotherapy
  • Plant Oils - administration & dosage
  • Plant Oils - pharmacology
  • Plant Oils - therapeutic use
  • Properties
  • Synergism
  • Triacetin
  • Vegetable oils
ispartof: Phytomedicine (Stuttgart), 2007, Vol.14 (11), p.727-732
description: The objective of the present study was that of verifying a possible synergistic antibacterial effect between Pelargonium graveolens [Lis-Balchin, M., Deans, S.G., Hart, S., 1996. Bioactive Geranium oils from different commercial sources. J. Essential Oil Res. 8, 281–290.] essential oil (and its main components) and Norfloxacin antibiotic. As a first step growth inhibition by some types of essential oils was assessed in five microbial species. The antimicrobial effects of P. graveolens oil, as well as those of its components, were evaluated by means of the agar dilution method (ADM) against Bacillus cereus ATCC 11778, Bacillus subtilis ATCC 6633, Escherichia coli ATCC 35218, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 6538 and S. aureus ATCC 29213. The results obtained highlighted the occurrence of a pronounced synergism between P. graveolens essential oil and Norfloxacin against three of the five bacterial species under study with a FIC index in the 0.37–0.50 range. Such antibacterial effects were also shown to increase, although to a lesser extent, when Norfloxacin was given with the main components of P. graveolens essential oil. The combination of Norfloxacin with either P. graveolens essential oil, or with some of the main components of this latter, in the treatment of infections caused by some bacterial species is likely to reduce the minimum effective dose of Norfloxacin thus minimizing the side effects of the antibiotic.
language: eng
source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
identifier: ISSN: 0944-7113
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0944-7113
  • 1618-095X
url: Link


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descriptionThe objective of the present study was that of verifying a possible synergistic antibacterial effect between Pelargonium graveolens [Lis-Balchin, M., Deans, S.G., Hart, S., 1996. Bioactive Geranium oils from different commercial sources. J. Essential Oil Res. 8, 281–290.] essential oil (and its main components) and Norfloxacin antibiotic. As a first step growth inhibition by some types of essential oils was assessed in five microbial species. The antimicrobial effects of P. graveolens oil, as well as those of its components, were evaluated by means of the agar dilution method (ADM) against Bacillus cereus ATCC 11778, Bacillus subtilis ATCC 6633, Escherichia coli ATCC 35218, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 6538 and S. aureus ATCC 29213. The results obtained highlighted the occurrence of a pronounced synergism between P. graveolens essential oil and Norfloxacin against three of the five bacterial species under study with a FIC index in the 0.37–0.50 range. Such antibacterial effects were also shown to increase, although to a lesser extent, when Norfloxacin was given with the main components of P. graveolens essential oil. The combination of Norfloxacin with either P. graveolens essential oil, or with some of the main components of this latter, in the treatment of infections caused by some bacterial species is likely to reduce the minimum effective dose of Norfloxacin thus minimizing the side effects of the antibiotic.
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subjectAnti-Bacterial Agents - administration & dosage ; Anti-Bacterial Agents - pharmacology ; Anti-Bacterial Agents - therapeutic use ; Bacterial infections ; Citronellol ; Dosage and administration ; Drug Synergism ; Drug therapy ; Drug Therapy, Combination ; Geraniol ; Gram-Negative Bacteria - drug effects ; Gram-Positive Bacteria - drug effects ; Health aspects ; Humans ; Microbial Sensitivity Tests ; Norfloxacin ; Norfloxacin - administration & dosage ; Norfloxacin - pharmacology ; Norfloxacin - therapeutic use ; Pelargonium ; Pelargonium essential oil ; Phytotherapy ; Plant Oils - administration & dosage ; Plant Oils - pharmacology ; Plant Oils - therapeutic use ; Properties ; Synergism ; Triacetin ; Vegetable oils
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descriptionThe objective of the present study was that of verifying a possible synergistic antibacterial effect between Pelargonium graveolens [Lis-Balchin, M., Deans, S.G., Hart, S., 1996. Bioactive Geranium oils from different commercial sources. J. Essential Oil Res. 8, 281–290.] essential oil (and its main components) and Norfloxacin antibiotic. As a first step growth inhibition by some types of essential oils was assessed in five microbial species. The antimicrobial effects of P. graveolens oil, as well as those of its components, were evaluated by means of the agar dilution method (ADM) against Bacillus cereus ATCC 11778, Bacillus subtilis ATCC 6633, Escherichia coli ATCC 35218, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 6538 and S. aureus ATCC 29213. The results obtained highlighted the occurrence of a pronounced synergism between P. graveolens essential oil and Norfloxacin against three of the five bacterial species under study with a FIC index in the 0.37–0.50 range. Such antibacterial effects were also shown to increase, although to a lesser extent, when Norfloxacin was given with the main components of P. graveolens essential oil. The combination of Norfloxacin with either P. graveolens essential oil, or with some of the main components of this latter, in the treatment of infections caused by some bacterial species is likely to reduce the minimum effective dose of Norfloxacin thus minimizing the side effects of the antibiotic.
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6Drug Synergism
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abstractThe objective of the present study was that of verifying a possible synergistic antibacterial effect between Pelargonium graveolens [Lis-Balchin, M., Deans, S.G., Hart, S., 1996. Bioactive Geranium oils from different commercial sources. J. Essential Oil Res. 8, 281–290.] essential oil (and its main components) and Norfloxacin antibiotic. As a first step growth inhibition by some types of essential oils was assessed in five microbial species. The antimicrobial effects of P. graveolens oil, as well as those of its components, were evaluated by means of the agar dilution method (ADM) against Bacillus cereus ATCC 11778, Bacillus subtilis ATCC 6633, Escherichia coli ATCC 35218, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 6538 and S. aureus ATCC 29213. The results obtained highlighted the occurrence of a pronounced synergism between P. graveolens essential oil and Norfloxacin against three of the five bacterial species under study with a FIC index in the 0.37–0.50 range. Such antibacterial effects were also shown to increase, although to a lesser extent, when Norfloxacin was given with the main components of P. graveolens essential oil. The combination of Norfloxacin with either P. graveolens essential oil, or with some of the main components of this latter, in the treatment of infections caused by some bacterial species is likely to reduce the minimum effective dose of Norfloxacin thus minimizing the side effects of the antibiotic.
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