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Labor Market Flexibility and Inequality: The Changing Skill-Based Temporary Employment and Unemployment Risks in Europe

In this article we use comparative micro data for 15 European countries covering the period 1992-2007 to study the impact of labor market reforms on the skill-related individual risk of holding a temporary contract and the risk of being unemployed. Our results indicate no general increase in either... Full description

Journal Title: Social forces 2011-09-01, Vol.90 (1), p.17-39
Main Author: Gebel, Michael
Other Authors: Giesecke, Johannes
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Quelle: Alma/SFX Local Collection
Publisher: Chapel Hill, NC: Oxford University Press
ID: ISSN: 0037-7732
Link: http://pascal-francis.inist.fr/vibad/index.php?action=getRecordDetail&idt=24426500
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title: Labor Market Flexibility and Inequality: The Changing Skill-Based Temporary Employment and Unemployment Risks in Europe
format: Article
creator:
  • Gebel, Michael
  • Giesecke, Johannes
subjects:
  • Deregulation
  • Empirical evidence
  • Employment
  • Employment termination
  • Europe
  • Financial risk
  • Inequality
  • Labor force surveys
  • Labor Market
  • Labor markets
  • Labour market
  • Low skilled workers
  • Majorities
  • Reform
  • Research
  • Risk
  • Skills
  • Sociology
  • Sociology of work
  • Sociology of work and sociology of organizations
  • Temporary employment
  • Temporary labor
  • Unemployment
  • Unskilled labor
  • Workforce
  • Working population. Employment. Women's work
ispartof: Social forces, 2011-09-01, Vol.90 (1), p.17-39
description: In this article we use comparative micro data for 15 European countries covering the period 1992-2007 to study the impact of labor market reforms on the skill-related individual risk of holding a temporary contract and the risk of being unemployed. Our results indicate no general increase in either of these skill gaps. Using two-step multilevel analyses, we show that in the case of high protection of regular contracts, lowering restrictions on the use of temporary contracts increases the relative temporary employment rates of low-skilled workers. However, this kind of partial deregulation, which has been implemented in the majority of Western European countries, has not translated into decreasing unemployment risks of the low-skilled vis-à-vis medium-and highly-skilled persons.
language: eng
source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
identifier: ISSN: 0037-7732
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0037-7732
  • 1534-7605
url: Link


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descriptionIn this article we use comparative micro data for 15 European countries covering the period 1992-2007 to study the impact of labor market reforms on the skill-related individual risk of holding a temporary contract and the risk of being unemployed. Our results indicate no general increase in either of these skill gaps. Using two-step multilevel analyses, we show that in the case of high protection of regular contracts, lowering restrictions on the use of temporary contracts increases the relative temporary employment rates of low-skilled workers. However, this kind of partial deregulation, which has been implemented in the majority of Western European countries, has not translated into decreasing unemployment risks of the low-skilled vis-à-vis medium-and highly-skilled persons.
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subjectDeregulation ; Empirical evidence ; Employment ; Employment termination ; Europe ; Financial risk ; Inequality ; Labor force surveys ; Labor Market ; Labor markets ; Labour market ; Low skilled workers ; Majorities ; Reform ; Research ; Risk ; Skills ; Sociology ; Sociology of work ; Sociology of work and sociology of organizations ; Temporary employment ; Temporary labor ; Unemployment ; Unskilled labor ; Workforce ; Working population. Employment. Women's work
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abstractIn this article we use comparative micro data for 15 European countries covering the period 1992-2007 to study the impact of labor market reforms on the skill-related individual risk of holding a temporary contract and the risk of being unemployed. Our results indicate no general increase in either of these skill gaps. Using two-step multilevel analyses, we show that in the case of high protection of regular contracts, lowering restrictions on the use of temporary contracts increases the relative temporary employment rates of low-skilled workers. However, this kind of partial deregulation, which has been implemented in the majority of Western European countries, has not translated into decreasing unemployment risks of the low-skilled vis-à-vis medium-and highly-skilled persons.
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