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Allocation of photosynthestically-fixed carbon in plant and soil during growth of reed (Phragmites australis) in two saline soils

Aims Terrestrial carbon (C) sequestration is derived mainly from plant photosysthetically-fixed C deposition but soil organic C (SOC) content in saline soils is generally low due to low deposition of C from restricted plant growth. It is important to explore the effects of soil salinity on the alloc... Full description

Journal Title: Plant and soil 2016-07-01, Vol.404 (1/2), p.277-291
Main Author: Li, Ling
Other Authors: Qiu, Shaojun , Chen, Yinping , Xu, Xingliang , Zhao, Ximei , Christie, Peter , Xu, Minggang
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: Cham: Springer
ID: ISSN: 0032-079X
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title: Allocation of photosynthestically-fixed carbon in plant and soil during growth of reed (Phragmites australis) in two saline soils
format: Article
creator:
  • Li, Ling
  • Qiu, Shaojun
  • Chen, Yinping
  • Xu, Xingliang
  • Zhao, Ximei
  • Christie, Peter
  • Xu, Minggang
subjects:
  • Agricultural soils
  • Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Carbon sequestration
  • Clay soils
  • Delta soils
  • Ecology
  • Experiments
  • Flooded soils
  • Flowers & plants
  • Grasses
  • Grassland soils
  • Growth
  • Health aspects
  • Life Sciences
  • Organic soils
  • Photosynthesis
  • Phragmites australis
  • Plant Physiology
  • Plant Sciences
  • Plant-soil relationships
  • Regular Article
  • Salinity
  • Soil organic carbon
  • Soil salinity
  • Soil science
  • Soil Science & Conservation
  • Soils
  • Soils, Salts in
  • Wetland soils
ispartof: Plant and soil, 2016-07-01, Vol.404 (1/2), p.277-291
description: Aims Terrestrial carbon (C) sequestration is derived mainly from plant photosysthetically-fixed C deposition but soil organic C (SOC) content in saline soils is generally low due to low deposition of C from restricted plant growth. It is important to explore the effects of soil salinity on the allocation of photosynthetically-fixed C to better understand C sequestration in saline wetland soils. Methods We conducted a pot experiment in which reed (Phragmites australis) was grown in a low salinity (LS) soil and a high salinity (HS) soil from the Yellow River Delta under flooded conditions. The allocation of photosynthetically-fixed into plant tissues, SOC, dissolved organic (DOC), microbial biomass particulate was determined using a ¹³C pulselabeling method after four labeling events during the 125-day-long reed growing season and destructive sampling immediately at the end of six hours of pulse labeling (end 6-h) and on the final harvest day (final day). Results In most cases soil salinity, reed growth stage, or reed biomass significantly (P < 0.05) affected the deposition of photosynthetically-fixed C into the plant-soil system. At all four pulses at end 6-h the high salinity soil had significantly (P < 0.05) lower percentage net assimilated ¹³C in the roots and significantly higher (P < 0.05) percentage net assimilated ¹³C in the soil than did the low salinity soil. At both end 6-h and on the final day the high salinity soil had significantly (P < 0.05) lower SO¹³C, and significantly (P < 0.05) higher DO¹³C/SO¹³C ratio than the low salinity soil except for pulses 3 and 4 on the final day. The majority of photosynthetically-fixed C in soil was deposited into MAOC pools and > 80 % of deposited SO¹³C was present as MAOC in the high salinity soil due to its significantly (P < 0.05) higher clay content compared with the low salinity soil. Conclusions Soil salinity affected the allocation of photosynthetically-fixed C in the plant-soil system, and soil texture altered the allocation of rhizodeposition C in different soil particles.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0032-079X
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0032-079X
  • 1573-5036
url: Link


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subjectAgricultural soils ; Biomedical and Life Sciences ; Carbon sequestration ; Clay soils ; Delta soils ; Ecology ; Experiments ; Flooded soils ; Flowers & plants ; Grasses ; Grassland soils ; Growth ; Health aspects ; Life Sciences ; Organic soils ; Photosynthesis ; Phragmites australis ; Plant Physiology ; Plant Sciences ; Plant-soil relationships ; Regular Article ; Salinity ; Soil organic carbon ; Soil salinity ; Soil science ; Soil Science & Conservation ; Soils ; Soils, Salts in ; Wetland soils
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