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Frontiers in root ecology: recent advances and future challenges

Background Roots play a pivotal role in defining plant ecological success and mediating terrestrial ecosystem functioning. However, roots are difficult to study as they are hidden in the soil matrix and express a plurality of forms and functions: nutrient acquisition, anchorage, nutrient and water t... Full description

Journal Title: Plant and soil 2018, Vol.424 (1/2), p.1-9
Main Author: Erktan, Amandine
Other Authors: McCormack, M. Luke , Roumet, Catherine
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: Cham: Springer
ID: ISSN: 0032-079X
Link: https://hal.umontpellier.fr/hal-01883503
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recordid: cdi_hal_primary_oai_HAL_hal_01883503v1
title: Frontiers in root ecology: recent advances and future challenges
format: Article
creator:
  • Erktan, Amandine
  • McCormack, M. Luke
  • Roumet, Catherine
subjects:
  • Biodiversity
  • Biodiversity and Ecology
  • Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Botanics
  • Climatic conditions
  • Ecological research
  • Ecology
  • Ecology, environment
  • Ecosystems
  • EDITORIAL
  • environment
  • Environmental Sciences
  • function relationships
  • Innovations
  • Life Sciences
  • microbes interactions
  • Nutrient transport
  • Nutrients
  • Phylogenetics
  • Plant
  • Plant Physiology
  • Plant Sciences
  • Root
  • Root dynamics
  • Root ecology
  • root interactions
  • Root structure
  • Root traits
  • Roots
  • Soil aggregation
  • Soil conditions
  • Soil dynamics
  • soil feedbacks
  • Soil properties
  • Soil Science & Conservation
  • Soil structure
  • Systematics
  • Systematics, Phylogenetics and taxonomy
  • taxonomy
  • Terrestrial environments
  • Vegetal Biology
  • Water transport
ispartof: Plant and soil, 2018, Vol.424 (1/2), p.1-9
description: Background Roots play a pivotal role in defining plant ecological success and mediating terrestrial ecosystem functioning. However, roots are difficult to study as they are hidden in the soil matrix and express a plurality of forms and functions: nutrient acquisition, anchorage, nutrient and water transport. Scope In this special issue, we gather 20 articles from emerging topics in root ecology. We specifically focus on five frontiers that are essential to better capture plant, soil and ecosystem processes: (1) root structure and soil resource acquisition; (2) root dynamics; (3) root-root interactions; (4) root-microbe interactions and (5) the effects of roots on soil properties. For each of these sections we provide an overview of our current knowledge, highlight the contributions of this special issue, and pinpoint key remaining challenges for future work. Conclusions Root resource acquisition, root dynamics, root-root and root-microbes interaction and the relative importance of root vs. soil properties on soil aggregation were shown to vary among biomes, soil and climate conditions. Such variability gives a complex but realistic picture of root functioning in real ecosystems and lays an important foundation for future work identify broad patterns of root functioning.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0032-079X
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0032-079X
  • 1573-5036
url: Link


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descriptionBackground Roots play a pivotal role in defining plant ecological success and mediating terrestrial ecosystem functioning. However, roots are difficult to study as they are hidden in the soil matrix and express a plurality of forms and functions: nutrient acquisition, anchorage, nutrient and water transport. Scope In this special issue, we gather 20 articles from emerging topics in root ecology. We specifically focus on five frontiers that are essential to better capture plant, soil and ecosystem processes: (1) root structure and soil resource acquisition; (2) root dynamics; (3) root-root interactions; (4) root-microbe interactions and (5) the effects of roots on soil properties. For each of these sections we provide an overview of our current knowledge, highlight the contributions of this special issue, and pinpoint key remaining challenges for future work. Conclusions Root resource acquisition, root dynamics, root-root and root-microbes interaction and the relative importance of root vs. soil properties on soil aggregation were shown to vary among biomes, soil and climate conditions. Such variability gives a complex but realistic picture of root functioning in real ecosystems and lays an important foundation for future work identify broad patterns of root functioning.
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subjectBiodiversity ; Biodiversity and Ecology ; Biomedical and Life Sciences ; Botanics ; Climatic conditions ; Ecological research ; Ecology ; Ecology, environment ; Ecosystems ; EDITORIAL ; environment ; Environmental Sciences ; function relationships ; Innovations ; Life Sciences ; microbes interactions ; Nutrient transport ; Nutrients ; Phylogenetics ; Plant ; Plant Physiology ; Plant Sciences ; Root ; Root dynamics ; Root ecology ; root interactions ; Root structure ; Root traits ; Roots ; Soil aggregation ; Soil conditions ; Soil dynamics ; soil feedbacks ; Soil properties ; Soil Science & Conservation ; Soil structure ; Systematics ; Systematics, Phylogenetics and taxonomy ; taxonomy ; Terrestrial environments ; Vegetal Biology ; Water transport
ispartofPlant and soil, 2018, Vol.424 (1/2), p.1-9
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abstractBackground Roots play a pivotal role in defining plant ecological success and mediating terrestrial ecosystem functioning. However, roots are difficult to study as they are hidden in the soil matrix and express a plurality of forms and functions: nutrient acquisition, anchorage, nutrient and water transport. Scope In this special issue, we gather 20 articles from emerging topics in root ecology. We specifically focus on five frontiers that are essential to better capture plant, soil and ecosystem processes: (1) root structure and soil resource acquisition; (2) root dynamics; (3) root-root interactions; (4) root-microbe interactions and (5) the effects of roots on soil properties. For each of these sections we provide an overview of our current knowledge, highlight the contributions of this special issue, and pinpoint key remaining challenges for future work. Conclusions Root resource acquisition, root dynamics, root-root and root-microbes interaction and the relative importance of root vs. soil properties on soil aggregation were shown to vary among biomes, soil and climate conditions. Such variability gives a complex but realistic picture of root functioning in real ecosystems and lays an important foundation for future work identify broad patterns of root functioning.
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