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A new hominid from the Upper Miocene of Chad, Central Africa

The search for the earliest fossil evidence of the human lineage has been concentrated in East Africa. Here we report the discovery of six hominid specimens from Chad, central Africa, 2,500 km from the East African Rift Valley. The fossils include a nearly complete cranium and fragmentary lower jaws... Full description

Journal Title: Nature 2002-07-11, Vol.418 (6894), p.145-151
Main Author: Brunet, Michel
Other Authors: Guy, Franck , Pilbeam, David , Mackaye, Hassane Taisso , Likius, Andossa , Ahounta, Djimdoumalbaye , Beauvilain, Alain , Blondel, Cécile , Bocherens, Hervé , Boisserie, Jean-Renaud , De Bonis, Louis , Coppens, Yves , Dejax, Jean , Denys, Christiane , Duringer, Philippe , Eisenmann, Véra , Fanone, Gongdibé , Fronty, Pierre , Geraads, Denis , Lehmann, Thomas , Lihoreau, Fabrice , Louchart, Antoine , Mahamat, Adoum , Merceron, Gildas , Mouchelin, Guy , Otero, Olga , Campomanes, Pablo Pelaez , De Leon, Marcia Ponce , Rage, Jean-Claude , Sapanet, Michel , Schuster, Mathieu , Sudre, Jean , Tassy, Pascal , Valentin, Xavier , Vignaud, Patrick , Viriot, Laurent , Zazzo, Antoine , Zollikofer, Christoph
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: London: Nature Publishing
ID: ISSN: 0028-0836
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recordid: cdi_hal_shs_oai_HAL_hal_02910123v1
title: A new hominid from the Upper Miocene of Chad, Central Africa
format: Article
creator:
  • Brunet, Michel
  • Guy, Franck
  • Pilbeam, David
  • Mackaye, Hassane Taisso
  • Likius, Andossa
  • Ahounta, Djimdoumalbaye
  • Beauvilain, Alain
  • Blondel, Cécile
  • Bocherens, Hervé
  • Boisserie, Jean-Renaud
  • De Bonis, Louis
  • Coppens, Yves
  • Dejax, Jean
  • Denys, Christiane
  • Duringer, Philippe
  • Eisenmann, Véra
  • Fanone, Gongdibé
  • Fronty, Pierre
  • Geraads, Denis
  • Lehmann, Thomas
  • Lihoreau, Fabrice
  • Louchart, Antoine
  • Mahamat, Adoum
  • Merceron, Gildas
  • Mouchelin, Guy
  • Otero, Olga
  • Campomanes, Pablo Pelaez
  • De Leon, Marcia Ponce
  • Rage, Jean-Claude
  • Sapanet, Michel
  • Schuster, Mathieu
  • Sudre, Jean
  • Tassy, Pascal
  • Valentin, Xavier
  • Vignaud, Patrick
  • Viriot, Laurent
  • Zazzo, Antoine
  • Zollikofer, Christoph
subjects:
  • Animal biology
  • Animals
  • Archaeology and Prehistory
  • Biodiversity
  • Biodiversity and Ecology
  • Biological Evolution
  • Chad
  • Discovery and exploration
  • Earth Sciences
  • Earth, ocean, space
  • Environmental Sciences
  • Exact sciences and technology
  • Fossil hominids
  • Fossils
  • History, Ancient
  • Hominidae - anatomy & histology
  • Hominidae - classification
  • Humanities and Social Sciences
  • Humans
  • Jaw - anatomy & histology
  • Life Sciences
  • Male
  • Paleontology
  • Pan troglodytes - anatomy & histology
  • Populations and Evolution
  • Research
  • Sciences of the Universe
  • Skull - anatomy & histology
  • Species Specificity
  • Systematics, Phylogenetics and taxonomy
  • Time Factors
  • Tooth - anatomy & histology
  • Vertebrate paleontology
  • Vertebrate Zoology
ispartof: Nature, 2002-07-11, Vol.418 (6894), p.145-151
description: The search for the earliest fossil evidence of the human lineage has been concentrated in East Africa. Here we report the discovery of six hominid specimens from Chad, central Africa, 2,500 km from the East African Rift Valley. The fossils include a nearly complete cranium and fragmentary lower jaws. The associated fauna suggest the fossils are between 6 and 7 million years old. The fossils display a unique mosaic of primitive and derived characters, and constitute a new genus and species of hominid. The distance from the Rift Valley, and the great antiquity of the fossils, suggest that the earliest members of the hominid clade were more widely distributed than has been thought, and that the divergence between the human and chimpanzee lineages was earlier than indicated by most molecular studies.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0028-0836
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0028-0836
  • 1476-4687
  • 1476-4679
url: Link


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titleA new hominid from the Upper Miocene of Chad, Central Africa
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creatorcontribBrunet, Michel ; Guy, Franck ; Pilbeam, David ; Mackaye, Hassane Taisso ; Likius, Andossa ; Ahounta, Djimdoumalbaye ; Beauvilain, Alain ; Blondel, Cécile ; Bocherens, Hervé ; Boisserie, Jean-Renaud ; De Bonis, Louis ; Coppens, Yves ; Dejax, Jean ; Denys, Christiane ; Duringer, Philippe ; Eisenmann, Véra ; Fanone, Gongdibé ; Fronty, Pierre ; Geraads, Denis ; Lehmann, Thomas ; Lihoreau, Fabrice ; Louchart, Antoine ; Mahamat, Adoum ; Merceron, Gildas ; Mouchelin, Guy ; Otero, Olga ; Campomanes, Pablo Pelaez ; De Leon, Marcia Ponce ; Rage, Jean-Claude ; Sapanet, Michel ; Schuster, Mathieu ; Sudre, Jean ; Tassy, Pascal ; Valentin, Xavier ; Vignaud, Patrick ; Viriot, Laurent ; Zazzo, Antoine ; Zollikofer, Christoph
descriptionThe search for the earliest fossil evidence of the human lineage has been concentrated in East Africa. Here we report the discovery of six hominid specimens from Chad, central Africa, 2,500 km from the East African Rift Valley. The fossils include a nearly complete cranium and fragmentary lower jaws. The associated fauna suggest the fossils are between 6 and 7 million years old. The fossils display a unique mosaic of primitive and derived characters, and constitute a new genus and species of hominid. The distance from the Rift Valley, and the great antiquity of the fossils, suggest that the earliest members of the hominid clade were more widely distributed than has been thought, and that the divergence between the human and chimpanzee lineages was earlier than indicated by most molecular studies.
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subjectAnimal biology ; Animals ; Archaeology and Prehistory ; Biodiversity ; Biodiversity and Ecology ; Biological Evolution ; Chad ; Discovery and exploration ; Earth Sciences ; Earth, ocean, space ; Environmental Sciences ; Exact sciences and technology ; Fossil hominids ; Fossils ; History, Ancient ; Hominidae - anatomy & histology ; Hominidae - classification ; Humanities and Social Sciences ; Humans ; Jaw - anatomy & histology ; Life Sciences ; Male ; Paleontology ; Pan troglodytes - anatomy & histology ; Populations and Evolution ; Research ; Sciences of the Universe ; Skull - anatomy & histology ; Species Specificity ; Systematics, Phylogenetics and taxonomy ; Time Factors ; Tooth - anatomy & histology ; Vertebrate paleontology ; Vertebrate Zoology
ispartofNature, 2002-07-11, Vol.418 (6894), p.145-151
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31Sudre, Jean
32Tassy, Pascal
33Valentin, Xavier
34Vignaud, Patrick
35Viriot, Laurent
36Zazzo, Antoine
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descriptionThe search for the earliest fossil evidence of the human lineage has been concentrated in East Africa. Here we report the discovery of six hominid specimens from Chad, central Africa, 2,500 km from the East African Rift Valley. The fossils include a nearly complete cranium and fragmentary lower jaws. The associated fauna suggest the fossils are between 6 and 7 million years old. The fossils display a unique mosaic of primitive and derived characters, and constitute a new genus and species of hominid. The distance from the Rift Valley, and the great antiquity of the fossils, suggest that the earliest members of the hominid clade were more widely distributed than has been thought, and that the divergence between the human and chimpanzee lineages was earlier than indicated by most molecular studies.
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titleA new hominid from the Upper Miocene of Chad, Central Africa
authorBrunet, Michel ; Guy, Franck ; Pilbeam, David ; Mackaye, Hassane Taisso ; Likius, Andossa ; Ahounta, Djimdoumalbaye ; Beauvilain, Alain ; Blondel, Cécile ; Bocherens, Hervé ; Boisserie, Jean-Renaud ; De Bonis, Louis ; Coppens, Yves ; Dejax, Jean ; Denys, Christiane ; Duringer, Philippe ; Eisenmann, Véra ; Fanone, Gongdibé ; Fronty, Pierre ; Geraads, Denis ; Lehmann, Thomas ; Lihoreau, Fabrice ; Louchart, Antoine ; Mahamat, Adoum ; Merceron, Gildas ; Mouchelin, Guy ; Otero, Olga ; Campomanes, Pablo Pelaez ; De Leon, Marcia Ponce ; Rage, Jean-Claude ; Sapanet, Michel ; Schuster, Mathieu ; Sudre, Jean ; Tassy, Pascal ; Valentin, Xavier ; Vignaud, Patrick ; Viriot, Laurent ; Zazzo, Antoine ; Zollikofer, Christoph
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abstractThe search for the earliest fossil evidence of the human lineage has been concentrated in East Africa. Here we report the discovery of six hominid specimens from Chad, central Africa, 2,500 km from the East African Rift Valley. The fossils include a nearly complete cranium and fragmentary lower jaws. The associated fauna suggest the fossils are between 6 and 7 million years old. The fossils display a unique mosaic of primitive and derived characters, and constitute a new genus and species of hominid. The distance from the Rift Valley, and the great antiquity of the fossils, suggest that the earliest members of the hominid clade were more widely distributed than has been thought, and that the divergence between the human and chimpanzee lineages was earlier than indicated by most molecular studies.
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