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Socioeconomic Segregation in Large Cities in France and the United States

Past cross-national comparisons of socioeconomic segregation have been undercut by lack of comparability in measures, data, and concepts. Using IRIS data from the French Census of 2008 and the French Ministry of Finance as well as tract data from the American Community Survey (2006–2010) and the U.S... Full description

Journal Title: Demography 2016-08-01, Vol.53 (4), p.1051-1084
Main Author: Quillian, Lincoln
Other Authors: Lagrange, Hugues
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: New York: Population Association of America (Springer)
ID: ISSN: 0070-3370
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recordid: cdi_hal_shs_oai_HAL_hal_03414405v1
title: Socioeconomic Segregation in Large Cities in France and the United States
format: Article
creator:
  • Quillian, Lincoln
  • Lagrange, Hugues
subjects:
  • Article
  • Cities - statistics & numerical data
  • City centres
  • Comparative analysis
  • Cross-Cultural Comparison
  • Demography
  • Employment
  • Ethnic factors
  • Ethnicity
  • Family income
  • Federal agencies
  • France
  • general
  • Geography
  • Government agencies
  • Households
  • Housing
  • Housing policy
  • Humanities and Social Sciences
  • Humans
  • Income
  • Income - statistics & numerical data
  • Income distribution
  • Income inequality
  • Income segregation
  • Inner city
  • Low income groups
  • Medicine/Public Health
  • Metropolitan areas
  • MIGRATION AND SEGREGATION
  • Neighborhoods
  • Population Economics
  • Public Assistance - statistics & numerical data
  • Public finance
  • Public housing
  • Racial differences
  • Racial segregation
  • Residence Characteristics - statistics & numerical data
  • Residential segregation
  • Segregation
  • Social Sciences
  • Social Segregation
  • Social services
  • Socio-economic aspects
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • socioeconomic status
  • Socioeconomics
  • Sociology
  • Studies
  • Subsidies (financial)
  • Suburbs
  • United States
  • Urban areas
  • urban demography
  • Urban development
ispartof: Demography, 2016-08-01, Vol.53 (4), p.1051-1084
description: Past cross-national comparisons of socioeconomic segregation have been undercut by lack of comparability in measures, data, and concepts. Using IRIS data from the French Census of 2008 and the French Ministry of Finance as well as tract data from the American Community Survey (2006–2010) and the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development Picture of Subsidized Households, and constructing measures to be as similar as possible, we compare socioeconomic segregation in metropolitan areas with a population of more than 1 million in France and the United States. We find much higher socioeconomic segregation in large metropolitan areas in the United States than in France. We also find (1) a strong pattern of low-income neighborhoods in central cities and high-income neighborhoods in suburbs in the United States, but varying patterns across metropolitan areas in France; (2) that high-income persons are the most segregated group in both countries; (3) that the shares of neighborhood income differences that can be explained by neighborhood racial/ethnic composition are similar in France and the United States; and (4) that government-assisted housing is disproportionately located in the poorest neighborhoods in the United States but is spread across many neighborhood income levels in France. We conclude that differences in government provision of housing assistance and levels of income inequality are likely important contributing factors to the Franco-U.S. difference in socioeconomic segregation.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0070-3370
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0070-3370
  • 1533-7790
url: Link


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descriptionPast cross-national comparisons of socioeconomic segregation have been undercut by lack of comparability in measures, data, and concepts. Using IRIS data from the French Census of 2008 and the French Ministry of Finance as well as tract data from the American Community Survey (2006–2010) and the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development Picture of Subsidized Households, and constructing measures to be as similar as possible, we compare socioeconomic segregation in metropolitan areas with a population of more than 1 million in France and the United States. We find much higher socioeconomic segregation in large metropolitan areas in the United States than in France. We also find (1) a strong pattern of low-income neighborhoods in central cities and high-income neighborhoods in suburbs in the United States, but varying patterns across metropolitan areas in France; (2) that high-income persons are the most segregated group in both countries; (3) that the shares of neighborhood income differences that can be explained by neighborhood racial/ethnic composition are similar in France and the United States; and (4) that government-assisted housing is disproportionately located in the poorest neighborhoods in the United States but is spread across many neighborhood income levels in France. We conclude that differences in government provision of housing assistance and levels of income inequality are likely important contributing factors to the Franco-U.S. difference in socioeconomic segregation.
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subjectArticle ; Cities - statistics & numerical data ; City centres ; Comparative analysis ; Cross-Cultural Comparison ; Demography ; Employment ; Ethnic factors ; Ethnicity ; Family income ; Federal agencies ; France ; general ; Geography ; Government agencies ; Households ; Housing ; Housing policy ; Humanities and Social Sciences ; Humans ; Income ; Income - statistics & numerical data ; Income distribution ; Income inequality ; Income segregation ; Inner city ; Low income groups ; Medicine/Public Health ; Metropolitan areas ; MIGRATION AND SEGREGATION ; Neighborhoods ; Population Economics ; Public Assistance - statistics & numerical data ; Public finance ; Public housing ; Racial differences ; Racial segregation ; Residence Characteristics - statistics & numerical data ; Residential segregation ; Segregation ; Social Sciences ; Social Segregation ; Social services ; Socio-economic aspects ; Socioeconomic Factors ; socioeconomic status ; Socioeconomics ; Sociology ; Studies ; Subsidies (financial) ; Suburbs ; United States ; Urban areas ; urban demography ; Urban development
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abstractPast cross-national comparisons of socioeconomic segregation have been undercut by lack of comparability in measures, data, and concepts. Using IRIS data from the French Census of 2008 and the French Ministry of Finance as well as tract data from the American Community Survey (2006–2010) and the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development Picture of Subsidized Households, and constructing measures to be as similar as possible, we compare socioeconomic segregation in metropolitan areas with a population of more than 1 million in France and the United States. We find much higher socioeconomic segregation in large metropolitan areas in the United States than in France. We also find (1) a strong pattern of low-income neighborhoods in central cities and high-income neighborhoods in suburbs in the United States, but varying patterns across metropolitan areas in France; (2) that high-income persons are the most segregated group in both countries; (3) that the shares of neighborhood income differences that can be explained by neighborhood racial/ethnic composition are similar in France and the United States; and (4) that government-assisted housing is disproportionately located in the poorest neighborhoods in the United States but is spread across many neighborhood income levels in France. We conclude that differences in government provision of housing assistance and levels of income inequality are likely important contributing factors to the Franco-U.S. difference in socioeconomic segregation.
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