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Health-related quality of life and its association with sociodemographic, economic, health status and lifestyles among HIV-positive patients in northern Malaysia

Sociodemographic status and medical problems were widely reported as the major factors in people living with HIV (PLHIV) with lower health-related quality of life (HRQoL). However, lifestyles and cultural changes are rarely studied. A multicentred cross-sectional study was conducted among 137 virall... Full description

Journal Title: AIDS care , Vol.ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print), p.1-6
Main Author: Chow, Ngah Kuan
Other Authors: Harun, Sabariah Noor , Khan, Amer Hayat
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
HIV
Quelle: Alma/SFX Local Collection
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ID: ISSN: 0954-0121
Zum Text:
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title: Health-related quality of life and its association with sociodemographic, economic, health status and lifestyles among HIV-positive patients in northern Malaysia
format: Article
creator:
  • Chow, Ngah Kuan
  • Harun, Sabariah Noor
  • Khan, Amer Hayat
subjects:
  • Health-related quality of life (HRQoL)
  • HIV
  • Malaysia
  • smoking
ispartof: AIDS care, , Vol.ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print), p.1-6
description: Sociodemographic status and medical problems were widely reported as the major factors in people living with HIV (PLHIV) with lower health-related quality of life (HRQoL). However, lifestyles and cultural changes are rarely studied. A multicentred cross-sectional study was conducted among 137 virally suppressed PLHIV on antiretroviral therapy (ART) in northern Malaysia by face-to-face interviews and World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL)-BREF questionnaire. It was to explore their health and socioeconomic status, lifestyles, and associations with different HRQoL domains. The result of multiple linear regression showed that smoking was a predominant risk factor of lower physical (beta coefficient (β): −5.82, 95% confidence interval (CI): −9.97 to −1.66; p = 0.006), social (β: −8.76, 95% CI: −15.12 to −2.40; p = 0.007), and environmental domain scores (β: −10.25, 95% CI: −15.21 to −5.30; p 
language: eng
source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
identifier: ISSN: 0954-0121
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0954-0121
  • 1360-0451
url: Link


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titleHealth-related quality of life and its association with sociodemographic, economic, health status and lifestyles among HIV-positive patients in northern Malaysia
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descriptionSociodemographic status and medical problems were widely reported as the major factors in people living with HIV (PLHIV) with lower health-related quality of life (HRQoL). However, lifestyles and cultural changes are rarely studied. A multicentred cross-sectional study was conducted among 137 virally suppressed PLHIV on antiretroviral therapy (ART) in northern Malaysia by face-to-face interviews and World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL)-BREF questionnaire. It was to explore their health and socioeconomic status, lifestyles, and associations with different HRQoL domains. The result of multiple linear regression showed that smoking was a predominant risk factor of lower physical (beta coefficient (β): −5.82, 95% confidence interval (CI): −9.97 to −1.66; p = 0.006), social (β: −8.76, 95% CI: −15.12 to −2.40; p = 0.007), and environmental domain scores (β: −10.25, 95% CI: −15.21 to −5.30; p < 0.001). Poor physical health also associated with unemployment (p < 0.001) and adverse drug reaction (p = 0.015). Ethnicity was a significant factor of psychological (p = 0.007) and environment domain score (p = 0.009). HRQoL of PLHIV is strongly associated with their lifestyles and societal class. Mandatory lifestyle screening, behavioural interventions and re-employment assistance should be implemented on all PLHIV.
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abstractSociodemographic status and medical problems were widely reported as the major factors in people living with HIV (PLHIV) with lower health-related quality of life (HRQoL). However, lifestyles and cultural changes are rarely studied. A multicentred cross-sectional study was conducted among 137 virally suppressed PLHIV on antiretroviral therapy (ART) in northern Malaysia by face-to-face interviews and World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL)-BREF questionnaire. It was to explore their health and socioeconomic status, lifestyles, and associations with different HRQoL domains. The result of multiple linear regression showed that smoking was a predominant risk factor of lower physical (beta coefficient (β): −5.82, 95% confidence interval (CI): −9.97 to −1.66; p = 0.006), social (β: −8.76, 95% CI: −15.12 to −2.40; p = 0.007), and environmental domain scores (β: −10.25, 95% CI: −15.21 to −5.30; p < 0.001). Poor physical health also associated with unemployment (p < 0.001) and adverse drug reaction (p = 0.015). Ethnicity was a significant factor of psychological (p = 0.007) and environment domain score (p = 0.009). HRQoL of PLHIV is strongly associated with their lifestyles and societal class. Mandatory lifestyle screening, behavioural interventions and re-employment assistance should be implemented on all PLHIV.
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