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Phylogenetic Studies in the Commelinaceae Subfamily Commelinoideae Inferred from Nuclear Ribosomal and Chloroplast DNA Sequences

The Commelinaceae are a pantropical family of monocotyledonous herbs. Previous phylogenies in Commelinaceae have emphasized sampling among genera. We extended this previous work by sampling multiple species within some of the largest genera of Commelinaceae (especially Commelina and Tradescantia, an... Full description

Journal Title: Systematic botany 2011, Vol.36 (2), p.268-276
Main Author: Burns, Jean H
Other Authors: Faden, Robert B , Steppan, Scott J
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Quelle: Alma/SFX Local Collection
Publisher: American Society of Plant Toxonomists
ID: ISSN: 0363-6445
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recordid: cdi_ingenta_journals_ic_aspt_03636445_v36n2_20210906_1419_default_tar_gz_s3
title: Phylogenetic Studies in the Commelinaceae Subfamily Commelinoideae Inferred from Nuclear Ribosomal and Chloroplast DNA Sequences
format: Article
creator:
  • Burns, Jean H
  • Faden, Robert B
  • Steppan, Scott J
subjects:
  • Biological taxonomies
  • Botany
  • Callisia
  • Chloroplasts
  • Commelina
  • Commelinaceae
  • CPDNA
  • Datasets
  • Genera
  • Genetic aspects
  • Gibasis
  • Identification and classification
  • Murdannia
  • Nomenclature
  • NRDNA
  • Parsimony
  • Phylogenetics
  • Phylogeny
  • Phylogeny (Botany)
  • Plants
  • Taxa
  • Topology
  • Tradescantia
ispartof: Systematic botany, 2011, Vol.36 (2), p.268-276
description: The Commelinaceae are a pantropical family of monocotyledonous herbs. Previous phylogenies in Commelinaceae have emphasized sampling among genera. We extended this previous work by sampling multiple species within some of the largest genera of Commelinaceae (especially Commelina and Tradescantia, and also including Callisia, Cyanotis, Gibasis, and Murdannia), and by sequencing noncoding regions both of the nuclear ribosomal DNA region, 5S NTS, and the chloroplast region, trnL-trnF. We generated a phylogenetic hypothesis for 68 Commelinaceae that partially tests previous morphological, taxonomic classifications. We found little evidence for conflict between nuclear and chloroplast regions for Tradescantia, Murdannia, and Callisia, and some evidence for conflict between the two regions for Commelina, though conflicting regions of the phylogeny were only weakly supported by bootstrap analyses. We found subtribe Tradescantieae to be paraphyletic, consistent with an rbcL study, though with a different topology than that produced by rbcL. In addition, subtribe Commelineae was monophyletic with strong support. We found Callisia to be polyphyletic, consistent with some previous molecular phylogenetic studies, and we found Tradescantia, Gibasis, Cyanotis, Commelina, and Murdannia, to be monophyletic. The molecular phylogenies presented here generally supported previous taxonomic classifications.
language: eng
source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
identifier: ISSN: 0363-6445
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0363-6445
  • 1548-2324
url: Link


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titlePhylogenetic Studies in the Commelinaceae Subfamily Commelinoideae Inferred from Nuclear Ribosomal and Chloroplast DNA Sequences
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creatorcontribBurns, Jean H ; Faden, Robert B ; Steppan, Scott J
descriptionThe Commelinaceae are a pantropical family of monocotyledonous herbs. Previous phylogenies in Commelinaceae have emphasized sampling among genera. We extended this previous work by sampling multiple species within some of the largest genera of Commelinaceae (especially Commelina and Tradescantia, and also including Callisia, Cyanotis, Gibasis, and Murdannia), and by sequencing noncoding regions both of the nuclear ribosomal DNA region, 5S NTS, and the chloroplast region, trnL-trnF. We generated a phylogenetic hypothesis for 68 Commelinaceae that partially tests previous morphological, taxonomic classifications. We found little evidence for conflict between nuclear and chloroplast regions for Tradescantia, Murdannia, and Callisia, and some evidence for conflict between the two regions for Commelina, though conflicting regions of the phylogeny were only weakly supported by bootstrap analyses. We found subtribe Tradescantieae to be paraphyletic, consistent with an rbcL study, though with a different topology than that produced by rbcL. In addition, subtribe Commelineae was monophyletic with strong support. We found Callisia to be polyphyletic, consistent with some previous molecular phylogenetic studies, and we found Tradescantia, Gibasis, Cyanotis, Commelina, and Murdannia, to be monophyletic. The molecular phylogenies presented here generally supported previous taxonomic classifications.
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subjectBiological taxonomies ; Botany ; Callisia ; Chloroplasts ; Commelina ; Commelinaceae ; CPDNA ; Datasets ; Genera ; Genetic aspects ; Gibasis ; Identification and classification ; Murdannia ; Nomenclature ; NRDNA ; Parsimony ; Phylogenetics ; Phylogeny ; Phylogeny (Botany) ; Plants ; Taxa ; Topology ; Tradescantia
ispartofSystematic botany, 2011, Vol.36 (2), p.268-276
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abstractThe Commelinaceae are a pantropical family of monocotyledonous herbs. Previous phylogenies in Commelinaceae have emphasized sampling among genera. We extended this previous work by sampling multiple species within some of the largest genera of Commelinaceae (especially Commelina and Tradescantia, and also including Callisia, Cyanotis, Gibasis, and Murdannia), and by sequencing noncoding regions both of the nuclear ribosomal DNA region, 5S NTS, and the chloroplast region, trnL-trnF. We generated a phylogenetic hypothesis for 68 Commelinaceae that partially tests previous morphological, taxonomic classifications. We found little evidence for conflict between nuclear and chloroplast regions for Tradescantia, Murdannia, and Callisia, and some evidence for conflict between the two regions for Commelina, though conflicting regions of the phylogeny were only weakly supported by bootstrap analyses. We found subtribe Tradescantieae to be paraphyletic, consistent with an rbcL study, though with a different topology than that produced by rbcL. In addition, subtribe Commelineae was monophyletic with strong support. We found Callisia to be polyphyletic, consistent with some previous molecular phylogenetic studies, and we found Tradescantia, Gibasis, Cyanotis, Commelina, and Murdannia, to be monophyletic. The molecular phylogenies presented here generally supported previous taxonomic classifications.
pubAmerican Society of Plant Toxonomists
doi10.1600/036364411X569471
tpages9