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Linkages of plant and soil C:N:P stoichiometry and their relationships to forest growth in subtropical plantations

Background and aims Ecological stoichiometry plays important roles in ecosystem dynamics and functioning, but relationships between above- and belowground stoichiometry and stoichiometric effects on the growth of different plant functional groups in forests remain poorly understood. Methods In an ag... Full description

Journal Title: Plant and soil 2015-07-01, Vol.392 (1/2), p.127-138
Main Author: Fan, Houbao
Other Authors: Wu, Jianping , Liu, Wenfei , Yuan, Yinghong , Hu, Liang , Cai, Qiankun
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: Cham: Springer
ID: ISSN: 0032-079X
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recordid: cdi_jstor_primary_24371507
title: Linkages of plant and soil C:N:P stoichiometry and their relationships to forest growth in subtropical plantations
format: Article
creator:
  • Fan, Houbao
  • Wu, Jianping
  • Liu, Wenfei
  • Yuan, Yinghong
  • Hu, Liang
  • Cai, Qiankun
subjects:
  • Analysis
  • Biogeochemistry
  • Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Ecology
  • Eucalyptus
  • Forest ecology
  • Forest soils
  • Life Sciences
  • Plant growth
  • Plant Physiology
  • Plant populations
  • Plant Sciences
  • Plant-soil relationships
  • Plantations
  • Regular Article
  • Soil Science & Conservation
  • Stoichiometry
ispartof: Plant and soil, 2015-07-01, Vol.392 (1/2), p.127-138
description: Background and aims Ecological stoichiometry plays important roles in ecosystem dynamics and functioning, but relationships between above- and belowground stoichiometry and stoichiometric effects on the growth of different plant functional groups in forests remain poorly understood. Methods In an age sequence of 2-, 4- and 6-year-old Eucalyptus plantations in subtropical China, we examined C, N and P concentrations and their ratios in the soil and leaves. Each plantation was divided into overstory and understory plant functional groups. The relationships between stoichiometric characteristics and forest growth were analyzed. Results Soil C and P decreased in the Eucalyptus age sequence, which led to changes in soil stoichiometric characteristics. Leaf C:P and N:P ratios were higher for Eucalyptus trees than for understory plants because of the low P concentrations in Eucalyptus leaves. Soil and plant N:P ratios were strongly related. Understory biomass was positively related to N:P ratios, while overstory growth was negatively related to N:P ratios. Conclusions Our results suggest that nutrient concentrations in soil and plants are tightly linked in Eucalyptus plantations and that P limitation increases with stand age. Stoichiometric characteristics appear to mediate forest properties and functions under nutrient limitation in subtropical regions.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0032-079X
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0032-079X
  • 1573-5036
url: Link


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titleLinkages of plant and soil C:N:P stoichiometry and their relationships to forest growth in subtropical plantations
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descriptionBackground and aims Ecological stoichiometry plays important roles in ecosystem dynamics and functioning, but relationships between above- and belowground stoichiometry and stoichiometric effects on the growth of different plant functional groups in forests remain poorly understood. Methods In an age sequence of 2-, 4- and 6-year-old Eucalyptus plantations in subtropical China, we examined C, N and P concentrations and their ratios in the soil and leaves. Each plantation was divided into overstory and understory plant functional groups. The relationships between stoichiometric characteristics and forest growth were analyzed. Results Soil C and P decreased in the Eucalyptus age sequence, which led to changes in soil stoichiometric characteristics. Leaf C:P and N:P ratios were higher for Eucalyptus trees than for understory plants because of the low P concentrations in Eucalyptus leaves. Soil and plant N:P ratios were strongly related. Understory biomass was positively related to N:P ratios, while overstory growth was negatively related to N:P ratios. Conclusions Our results suggest that nutrient concentrations in soil and plants are tightly linked in Eucalyptus plantations and that P limitation increases with stand age. Stoichiometric characteristics appear to mediate forest properties and functions under nutrient limitation in subtropical regions.
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subjectAnalysis ; Biogeochemistry ; Biomedical and Life Sciences ; Ecology ; Eucalyptus ; Forest ecology ; Forest soils ; Life Sciences ; Plant growth ; Plant Physiology ; Plant populations ; Plant Sciences ; Plant-soil relationships ; Plantations ; Regular Article ; Soil Science & Conservation ; Stoichiometry
ispartofPlant and soil, 2015-07-01, Vol.392 (1/2), p.127-138
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descriptionBackground and aims Ecological stoichiometry plays important roles in ecosystem dynamics and functioning, but relationships between above- and belowground stoichiometry and stoichiometric effects on the growth of different plant functional groups in forests remain poorly understood. Methods In an age sequence of 2-, 4- and 6-year-old Eucalyptus plantations in subtropical China, we examined C, N and P concentrations and their ratios in the soil and leaves. Each plantation was divided into overstory and understory plant functional groups. The relationships between stoichiometric characteristics and forest growth were analyzed. Results Soil C and P decreased in the Eucalyptus age sequence, which led to changes in soil stoichiometric characteristics. Leaf C:P and N:P ratios were higher for Eucalyptus trees than for understory plants because of the low P concentrations in Eucalyptus leaves. Soil and plant N:P ratios were strongly related. Understory biomass was positively related to N:P ratios, while overstory growth was negatively related to N:P ratios. Conclusions Our results suggest that nutrient concentrations in soil and plants are tightly linked in Eucalyptus plantations and that P limitation increases with stand age. Stoichiometric characteristics appear to mediate forest properties and functions under nutrient limitation in subtropical regions.
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atitleLinkages of plant and soil C:N:P stoichiometry and their relationships to forest growth in subtropical plantations
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date2015-07-01
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abstractBackground and aims Ecological stoichiometry plays important roles in ecosystem dynamics and functioning, but relationships between above- and belowground stoichiometry and stoichiometric effects on the growth of different plant functional groups in forests remain poorly understood. Methods In an age sequence of 2-, 4- and 6-year-old Eucalyptus plantations in subtropical China, we examined C, N and P concentrations and their ratios in the soil and leaves. Each plantation was divided into overstory and understory plant functional groups. The relationships between stoichiometric characteristics and forest growth were analyzed. Results Soil C and P decreased in the Eucalyptus age sequence, which led to changes in soil stoichiometric characteristics. Leaf C:P and N:P ratios were higher for Eucalyptus trees than for understory plants because of the low P concentrations in Eucalyptus leaves. Soil and plant N:P ratios were strongly related. Understory biomass was positively related to N:P ratios, while overstory growth was negatively related to N:P ratios. Conclusions Our results suggest that nutrient concentrations in soil and plants are tightly linked in Eucalyptus plantations and that P limitation increases with stand age. Stoichiometric characteristics appear to mediate forest properties and functions under nutrient limitation in subtropical regions.
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doi10.1007/s11104-015-2444-2