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Fruit and Vegetables: Intake and Sociodemographic Determinants among Portuguese Mothers

Background: Fruit and vegetable intake is crucial in health promotion and disease prevention. Inadequate intake is found among adult populations worldwide. Aims: To assess fruit and vegetable intake among Portuguese mothers and to examine its association with sociodemographic determinants. Methods:... Full description

Journal Title: Annals of nutrition and metabolism 2013-01-01, Vol.63 (1/2), p.131-138
Main Author: Franchini, Bela
Other Authors: Poínhos, Rui , Klepp, Knut-Inge , Vaz de Almeida, Maria Daniel
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Quelle: Alma/SFX Local Collection
Publisher: Basel, Switzerland: S. Karger AG
ID: ISSN: 0250-6807
Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23969424
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recordid: cdi_karger_primary_ANM20130631_2131
title: Fruit and Vegetables: Intake and Sociodemographic Determinants among Portuguese Mothers
format: Article
creator:
  • Franchini, Bela
  • Poínhos, Rui
  • Klepp, Knut-Inge
  • Vaz de Almeida, Maria Daniel
subjects:
  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Ciências da Saúde
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Demographics
  • European Continental Ancestry Group
  • Feeding Behavior
  • Fruit
  • Fruits
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Health Promotion
  • Health sciences
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Mental Recall
  • Mothers
  • Nutrition research
  • Original Paper
  • Portugal
  • Recommended Dietary Allowances
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Vegetables
ispartof: Annals of nutrition and metabolism, 2013-01-01, Vol.63 (1/2), p.131-138
description: Background: Fruit and vegetable intake is crucial in health promotion and disease prevention. Inadequate intake is found among adult populations worldwide. Aims: To assess fruit and vegetable intake among Portuguese mothers and to examine its association with sociodemographic determinants. Methods: A national cross-sectional survey was performed in Portugal as part of the Pro Children study. Data from self-administrated precoded 24-hour recall and food frequency questionnaires answered by 1,853 mothers of 11- to 13-year-old children were analyzed. Descriptive analysis of the data was followed by logistic regression to assess associations between daily fruit and vegetable intake and sociodemographic determinants. Results: The mean fruit and vegetable intake was 221.2 and 170.0 g/day, respectively. Only 46% of the mothers met the WHO recommendations (≥400 g fruit and vegetables/day). Daily fruit intake was significantly higher among mothers who live with a spouse/partner, and who belong to a higher social class. For vegetables, daily intake was significantly higher among mothers with a higher education and social class. Conclusions: This study shows that the mean intake of fruit and vegetables among Portuguese mothers is far below international recommendations. Effective strategies to promote fruit and vegetable intake are needed, especially for mothers belonging to lower social classes and educational levels.
language: eng
source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
identifier: ISSN: 0250-6807
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0250-6807
  • 1421-9697
url: Link


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descriptionBackground: Fruit and vegetable intake is crucial in health promotion and disease prevention. Inadequate intake is found among adult populations worldwide. Aims: To assess fruit and vegetable intake among Portuguese mothers and to examine its association with sociodemographic determinants. Methods: A national cross-sectional survey was performed in Portugal as part of the Pro Children study. Data from self-administrated precoded 24-hour recall and food frequency questionnaires answered by 1,853 mothers of 11- to 13-year-old children were analyzed. Descriptive analysis of the data was followed by logistic regression to assess associations between daily fruit and vegetable intake and sociodemographic determinants. Results: The mean fruit and vegetable intake was 221.2 and 170.0 g/day, respectively. Only 46% of the mothers met the WHO recommendations (≥400 g fruit and vegetables/day). Daily fruit intake was significantly higher among mothers who live with a spouse/partner, and who belong to a higher social class. For vegetables, daily intake was significantly higher among mothers with a higher education and social class. Conclusions: This study shows that the mean intake of fruit and vegetables among Portuguese mothers is far below international recommendations. Effective strategies to promote fruit and vegetable intake are needed, especially for mothers belonging to lower social classes and educational levels.
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subjectAdolescent ; Child ; Ciências da Saúde ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Demographics ; European Continental Ancestry Group ; Feeding Behavior ; Fruit ; Fruits ; Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice ; Health Promotion ; Health sciences ; Humans ; Logistic Models ; Mental Recall ; Mothers ; Nutrition research ; Original Paper ; Portugal ; Recommended Dietary Allowances ; Socioeconomic Factors ; Surveys and Questionnaires ; Vegetables
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abstractBackground: Fruit and vegetable intake is crucial in health promotion and disease prevention. Inadequate intake is found among adult populations worldwide. Aims: To assess fruit and vegetable intake among Portuguese mothers and to examine its association with sociodemographic determinants. Methods: A national cross-sectional survey was performed in Portugal as part of the Pro Children study. Data from self-administrated precoded 24-hour recall and food frequency questionnaires answered by 1,853 mothers of 11- to 13-year-old children were analyzed. Descriptive analysis of the data was followed by logistic regression to assess associations between daily fruit and vegetable intake and sociodemographic determinants. Results: The mean fruit and vegetable intake was 221.2 and 170.0 g/day, respectively. Only 46% of the mothers met the WHO recommendations (≥400 g fruit and vegetables/day). Daily fruit intake was significantly higher among mothers who live with a spouse/partner, and who belong to a higher social class. For vegetables, daily intake was significantly higher among mothers with a higher education and social class. Conclusions: This study shows that the mean intake of fruit and vegetables among Portuguese mothers is far below international recommendations. Effective strategies to promote fruit and vegetable intake are needed, especially for mothers belonging to lower social classes and educational levels.
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