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Hemodialysis Alters Lipid Profiles, Total Antioxidant Capacity, and Vitamins A, E, and C Concentrations in Humans

Although hemodialysis (HD) is essential for end-stage renal disease patients, at the same time it causes oxidative stress and long-term pro-atherosclerotic effects. This study aimed to determine lipid profile as well as the total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and vitamins A, E, and C in HD patients. Th... Full description

Journal Title: Journal of Medicinal Food 13(6), pp.1490-1493
Main Author: Montazerifar, Farzaneh
Other Authors: Hashemi, Mohammad , Karajibani, Mansour , Dikshit, Madhurima
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Quelle: Alma/SFX Local Collection
Publisher: United States: Mary Ann Liebert, Inc
ID: ISSN: 1096-620X
Zum Text:
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recordid: cdi_nrf_kci_oai_kci_go_kr_ARTI_742853
title: Hemodialysis Alters Lipid Profiles, Total Antioxidant Capacity, and Vitamins A, E, and C Concentrations in Humans
format: Article
creator:
  • Montazerifar, Farzaneh
  • Hashemi, Mohammad
  • Karajibani, Mansour
  • Dikshit, Madhurima
subjects:
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Antioxidants - analysis
  • Ascorbic Acid - blood
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Atherosclerosis - etiology
  • Complications and side effects
  • Development and progression
  • Female
  • Health aspects
  • Hemodialysis
  • Humans
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic - blood
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic - therapy
  • Lipids - blood
  • Lipoproteins, HDL - blood
  • Lipoproteins, LDL - blood
  • Low density lipoproteins
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Oxidative Stress
  • Patient outcomes
  • Renal Dialysis - adverse effects
  • Renal Dialysis - methods
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Risk factors
  • Vitamin A - blood
  • Vitamin E - blood
  • 식품과학
ispartof: Journal of Medicinal Food, 13(6), pp.1490-1493
description: Although hemodialysis (HD) is essential for end-stage renal disease patients, at the same time it causes oxidative stress and long-term pro-atherosclerotic effects. This study aimed to determine lipid profile as well as the total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and vitamins A, E, and C in HD patients. The study enrolled 31 patients (50.3 ± 14.9 years old) undergoing maintenance 4-hour HD three times per week with a polysulfone membrane dialyzer for a mean of 76.1 months (range, 7-120 months) and 31 healthy individuals (47.8 ± 13.9 years old). Lipid profiles were determined spectrophotometrically using commercially available kits. Total antioxidant capacity was determined by ferric reducing/antioxidant power assay, levels of vitamins A and E were assayed using high-pressure liquid chromatography, and the level of vitamin C was measured by a photometric method. Our results showed that before HD, the levels of TAC and vitamin A were significantly higher than in normal subjects, whereas the levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and vitamin C were lower than in control subjects (P  .05). After HD, the levels of HDL-cholesterol, vitamins E and C, and TAC decreased significantly (P
language: eng
source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
identifier: ISSN: 1096-620X
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 1096-620X
  • 1557-7600
url: Link


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descriptionAlthough hemodialysis (HD) is essential for end-stage renal disease patients, at the same time it causes oxidative stress and long-term pro-atherosclerotic effects. This study aimed to determine lipid profile as well as the total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and vitamins A, E, and C in HD patients. The study enrolled 31 patients (50.3 ± 14.9 years old) undergoing maintenance 4-hour HD three times per week with a polysulfone membrane dialyzer for a mean of 76.1 months (range, 7-120 months) and 31 healthy individuals (47.8 ± 13.9 years old). Lipid profiles were determined spectrophotometrically using commercially available kits. Total antioxidant capacity was determined by ferric reducing/antioxidant power assay, levels of vitamins A and E were assayed using high-pressure liquid chromatography, and the level of vitamin C was measured by a photometric method. Our results showed that before HD, the levels of TAC and vitamin A were significantly higher than in normal subjects, whereas the levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and vitamin C were lower than in control subjects (P < .001). There was no significant difference between normal subjects and patients before dialysis regarding low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and vitamin E levels (P > .05). After HD, the levels of HDL-cholesterol, vitamins E and C, and TAC decreased significantly (P < .001), but the decreased level of vitamin A still remained higher than controls (P < .05), whereas the levels of LDL were significantly higher than controls (P < .001). In conclusion, alterations in the lipoprotein profiles and antioxidant markers following HD suggest an increased risk of atherosclerosis in these patients.
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subjectAdult ; Aged ; Antioxidants - analysis ; Ascorbic Acid - blood ; Atherosclerosis ; Atherosclerosis - etiology ; Complications and side effects ; Development and progression ; Female ; Health aspects ; Hemodialysis ; Humans ; Kidney Failure, Chronic - blood ; Kidney Failure, Chronic - therapy ; Lipids - blood ; Lipoproteins, HDL - blood ; Lipoproteins, LDL - blood ; Low density lipoproteins ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Oxidative Stress ; Patient outcomes ; Renal Dialysis - adverse effects ; Renal Dialysis - methods ; Reproducibility of Results ; Risk factors ; Vitamin A - blood ; Vitamin E - blood ; 식품과학
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descriptionAlthough hemodialysis (HD) is essential for end-stage renal disease patients, at the same time it causes oxidative stress and long-term pro-atherosclerotic effects. This study aimed to determine lipid profile as well as the total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and vitamins A, E, and C in HD patients. The study enrolled 31 patients (50.3 ± 14.9 years old) undergoing maintenance 4-hour HD three times per week with a polysulfone membrane dialyzer for a mean of 76.1 months (range, 7-120 months) and 31 healthy individuals (47.8 ± 13.9 years old). Lipid profiles were determined spectrophotometrically using commercially available kits. Total antioxidant capacity was determined by ferric reducing/antioxidant power assay, levels of vitamins A and E were assayed using high-pressure liquid chromatography, and the level of vitamin C was measured by a photometric method. Our results showed that before HD, the levels of TAC and vitamin A were significantly higher than in normal subjects, whereas the levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and vitamin C were lower than in control subjects (P < .001). There was no significant difference between normal subjects and patients before dialysis regarding low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and vitamin E levels (P > .05). After HD, the levels of HDL-cholesterol, vitamins E and C, and TAC decreased significantly (P < .001), but the decreased level of vitamin A still remained higher than controls (P < .05), whereas the levels of LDL were significantly higher than controls (P < .001). In conclusion, alterations in the lipoprotein profiles and antioxidant markers following HD suggest an increased risk of atherosclerosis in these patients.
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6Complications and side effects
7Development and progression
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9Health aspects
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12Kidney Failure, Chronic - blood
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18Male
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20Oxidative Stress
21Patient outcomes
22Renal Dialysis - adverse effects
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abstractAlthough hemodialysis (HD) is essential for end-stage renal disease patients, at the same time it causes oxidative stress and long-term pro-atherosclerotic effects. This study aimed to determine lipid profile as well as the total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and vitamins A, E, and C in HD patients. The study enrolled 31 patients (50.3 ± 14.9 years old) undergoing maintenance 4-hour HD three times per week with a polysulfone membrane dialyzer for a mean of 76.1 months (range, 7-120 months) and 31 healthy individuals (47.8 ± 13.9 years old). Lipid profiles were determined spectrophotometrically using commercially available kits. Total antioxidant capacity was determined by ferric reducing/antioxidant power assay, levels of vitamins A and E were assayed using high-pressure liquid chromatography, and the level of vitamin C was measured by a photometric method. Our results showed that before HD, the levels of TAC and vitamin A were significantly higher than in normal subjects, whereas the levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and vitamin C were lower than in control subjects (P < .001). There was no significant difference between normal subjects and patients before dialysis regarding low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and vitamin E levels (P > .05). After HD, the levels of HDL-cholesterol, vitamins E and C, and TAC decreased significantly (P < .001), but the decreased level of vitamin A still remained higher than controls (P < .05), whereas the levels of LDL were significantly higher than controls (P < .001). In conclusion, alterations in the lipoprotein profiles and antioxidant markers following HD suggest an increased risk of atherosclerosis in these patients.
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