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Multiple factors influence the role of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in soil aggregation—a meta-analysis

Background and aims Soil aggregation is a crucial aspect of ecosystem functioning in terrestrial ecosystems. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) play a key role in soil aggregate formation and stabilization. Here we quantitatively analyzed the importance of experimental settings as well as biotic and... Full description

Journal Title: Plant and soil 2014-01-01, Vol.374 (1/2), p.523-537
Main Author: Leifheit, Eva F
Other Authors: Veresoglou, Stavros D , Lehmann, Anika , Morris, E. Kathryn , Rillig, Matthias C
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: Dordrecht: Springer
ID: ISSN: 0032-079X
Link: http://pascal-francis.inist.fr/vibad/index.php?action=getRecordDetail&idt=28611988
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recordid: cdi_pascalfrancis_primary_28611988
title: Multiple factors influence the role of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in soil aggregation—a meta-analysis
format: Article
creator:
  • Leifheit, Eva F
  • Veresoglou, Stavros D
  • Lehmann, Anika
  • Morris, E. Kathryn
  • Rillig, Matthias C
subjects:
  • Acid soils
  • Agricultural soils
  • Agronomy. Soil science and plant productions
  • Animal, plant and microbial ecology
  • Biological and medical sciences
  • Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Ecology
  • Economic plant physiology
  • Environmental aspects
  • Environmental restoration
  • Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology
  • Fungi
  • General agronomy. Plant production
  • Life Sciences
  • Mycorrhizal fungi
  • Mycorrhizas
  • Organic soils
  • Physical properties
  • Physics, chemistry, biochemistry and biology of agricultural and forest soils
  • Plant Physiology
  • Plant roots
  • Plant Sciences
  • Plants
  • Regular Article
  • Research
  • Sand soils
  • Soil aggregation
  • Soil ecology
  • Soil fungi
  • Soil mechanics
  • Soil microbiology
  • Soil research
  • Soil science
  • Soil Science & Conservation
  • Soil-plant relationships. Soil fertility
  • Soil-plant relationships. Soil fertility. Fertilization. Amendments
  • Structure, texture, density, mechanical behavior. Heat and gas exchanges
  • Studies
  • Symbiosis (nodules, symbiotic nitrogen fixation, mycorrhiza...)
  • Terrestrial ecosystems
ispartof: Plant and soil, 2014-01-01, Vol.374 (1/2), p.523-537
description: Background and aims Soil aggregation is a crucial aspect of ecosystem functioning in terrestrial ecosystems. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) play a key role in soil aggregate formation and stabilization. Here we quantitatively analyzed the importance of experimental settings as well as biotic and abiotic factors for the effectiveness of AMF to stabilize soil macroaggregates. Methods We gathered 35 studies on AMF and soil aggregation and tested 13 predictor variables for their relevance with a boosted regression tree analysis and performed a meta-analysis, fitting individual random effects models for each variable. Results and conclusions The overall mean effect of inoculation with AMF on soil aggregation was positive and predictor variable means were all in the range of beneficial effects. Pot studies and studies with sterilized sandy soil, near neutral soil pH, a pot size smaller than 2.5 kg and a duration between 2.2 and 5 months were more likely to result in stronger effects of AMF on soil aggregation than experiments in the field, with non-sterilized or fine textured soil or an acidic pH. This is the first study to quantitatively show that the effect of AMF inoculation on soil aggregation is positive and context dependent. Our findings can help to improve the use of this important ecosystem process, e.g. for inoculum application in restoration sites.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0032-079X
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0032-079X
  • 1573-5036
url: Link


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titleMultiple factors influence the role of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in soil aggregation—a meta-analysis
creatorLeifheit, Eva F ; Veresoglou, Stavros D ; Lehmann, Anika ; Morris, E. Kathryn ; Rillig, Matthias C
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descriptionBackground and aims Soil aggregation is a crucial aspect of ecosystem functioning in terrestrial ecosystems. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) play a key role in soil aggregate formation and stabilization. Here we quantitatively analyzed the importance of experimental settings as well as biotic and abiotic factors for the effectiveness of AMF to stabilize soil macroaggregates. Methods We gathered 35 studies on AMF and soil aggregation and tested 13 predictor variables for their relevance with a boosted regression tree analysis and performed a meta-analysis, fitting individual random effects models for each variable. Results and conclusions The overall mean effect of inoculation with AMF on soil aggregation was positive and predictor variable means were all in the range of beneficial effects. Pot studies and studies with sterilized sandy soil, near neutral soil pH, a pot size smaller than 2.5 kg and a duration between 2.2 and 5 months were more likely to result in stronger effects of AMF on soil aggregation than experiments in the field, with non-sterilized or fine textured soil or an acidic pH. This is the first study to quantitatively show that the effect of AMF inoculation on soil aggregation is positive and context dependent. Our findings can help to improve the use of this important ecosystem process, e.g. for inoculum application in restoration sites.
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subjectAcid soils ; Agricultural soils ; Agronomy. Soil science and plant productions ; Animal, plant and microbial ecology ; Biological and medical sciences ; Biomedical and Life Sciences ; Ecology ; Economic plant physiology ; Environmental aspects ; Environmental restoration ; Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology ; Fungi ; General agronomy. Plant production ; Life Sciences ; Mycorrhizal fungi ; Mycorrhizas ; Organic soils ; Physical properties ; Physics, chemistry, biochemistry and biology of agricultural and forest soils ; Plant Physiology ; Plant roots ; Plant Sciences ; Plants ; Regular Article ; Research ; Sand soils ; Soil aggregation ; Soil ecology ; Soil fungi ; Soil mechanics ; Soil microbiology ; Soil research ; Soil science ; Soil Science & Conservation ; Soil-plant relationships. Soil fertility ; Soil-plant relationships. Soil fertility. Fertilization. Amendments ; Structure, texture, density, mechanical behavior. Heat and gas exchanges ; Studies ; Symbiosis (nodules, symbiotic nitrogen fixation, mycorrhiza...) ; Terrestrial ecosystems
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descriptionBackground and aims Soil aggregation is a crucial aspect of ecosystem functioning in terrestrial ecosystems. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) play a key role in soil aggregate formation and stabilization. Here we quantitatively analyzed the importance of experimental settings as well as biotic and abiotic factors for the effectiveness of AMF to stabilize soil macroaggregates. Methods We gathered 35 studies on AMF and soil aggregation and tested 13 predictor variables for their relevance with a boosted regression tree analysis and performed a meta-analysis, fitting individual random effects models for each variable. Results and conclusions The overall mean effect of inoculation with AMF on soil aggregation was positive and predictor variable means were all in the range of beneficial effects. Pot studies and studies with sterilized sandy soil, near neutral soil pH, a pot size smaller than 2.5 kg and a duration between 2.2 and 5 months were more likely to result in stronger effects of AMF on soil aggregation than experiments in the field, with non-sterilized or fine textured soil or an acidic pH. This is the first study to quantitatively show that the effect of AMF inoculation on soil aggregation is positive and context dependent. Our findings can help to improve the use of this important ecosystem process, e.g. for inoculum application in restoration sites.
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36Structure, texture, density, mechanical behavior. Heat and gas exchanges
37Studies
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atitleMultiple factors influence the role of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in soil aggregation—a meta-analysis
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abstractBackground and aims Soil aggregation is a crucial aspect of ecosystem functioning in terrestrial ecosystems. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) play a key role in soil aggregate formation and stabilization. Here we quantitatively analyzed the importance of experimental settings as well as biotic and abiotic factors for the effectiveness of AMF to stabilize soil macroaggregates. Methods We gathered 35 studies on AMF and soil aggregation and tested 13 predictor variables for their relevance with a boosted regression tree analysis and performed a meta-analysis, fitting individual random effects models for each variable. Results and conclusions The overall mean effect of inoculation with AMF on soil aggregation was positive and predictor variable means were all in the range of beneficial effects. Pot studies and studies with sterilized sandy soil, near neutral soil pH, a pot size smaller than 2.5 kg and a duration between 2.2 and 5 months were more likely to result in stronger effects of AMF on soil aggregation than experiments in the field, with non-sterilized or fine textured soil or an acidic pH. This is the first study to quantitatively show that the effect of AMF inoculation on soil aggregation is positive and context dependent. Our findings can help to improve the use of this important ecosystem process, e.g. for inoculum application in restoration sites.
copDordrecht
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doi10.1007/s11104-013-1899-2