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Influence of Market Orientation on Food Plant Diversity of Farms Located on Amazonian Dark Earth in the Region of Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil

Homegardens may serve as reservoirs of agro-biodiversity on highly fertile, anthropogenic Amazonian Dark Earth (ADE) soils of the Amazon basin. However, as these soils are used more intensively for market-oriented agriculture, we suspected a decrease in their agro-biodiversity. We present data obtai... Full description

Journal Title: Economic botany 2005-01, Vol.59 (1), p.77-86
Main Author: Major, Julie
Other Authors: Clement, Charles R , DiTommaso, Antonio
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: St. Louis: The New York Botanical Garden Press
ID: ISSN: 0013-0001
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recordid: cdi_proquest_journals_1112274137
title: Influence of Market Orientation on Food Plant Diversity of Farms Located on Amazonian Dark Earth in the Region of Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil
format: Article
creator:
  • Major, Julie
  • Clement, Charles R
  • DiTommaso, Antonio
subjects:
  • Agro-biodiversity
  • Agrology
  • Amazonia
  • Amazonian Dark Earth
  • ARTICLES
  • Crop economics
  • Crop science
  • Crops
  • Earth
  • Farmers markets
  • Farms
  • Food crops
  • Forest soils
  • genetic erosion
  • Market orientation
  • Studies
  • Subsistence farming
  • Terra Preta de Índio
  • Tillage
ispartof: Economic botany, 2005-01, Vol.59 (1), p.77-86
description: Homegardens may serve as reservoirs of agro-biodiversity on highly fertile, anthropogenic Amazonian Dark Earth (ADE) soils of the Amazon basin. However, as these soils are used more intensively for market-oriented agriculture, we suspected a decrease in their agro-biodiversity. We present data obtained from surveys on 16 farms where ADE was present in the region of Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil. When farms were separated into two groups by market orientation, species richness on the farms was not significantly influenced by market orientation, but there was less dominance (i.e., more diversity) for homegardens in the low-market orientation group (P < 0.1). The proportion of native species was not affected by market orientation. Hence, while the most market-oriented farms retained high species richness, homegardens located on them contained higher proportions of commercially interesting species.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0013-0001
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0013-0001
  • 1874-9364
url: Link


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titleInfluence of Market Orientation on Food Plant Diversity of Farms Located on Amazonian Dark Earth in the Region of Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil
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descriptionHomegardens may serve as reservoirs of agro-biodiversity on highly fertile, anthropogenic Amazonian Dark Earth (ADE) soils of the Amazon basin. However, as these soils are used more intensively for market-oriented agriculture, we suspected a decrease in their agro-biodiversity. We present data obtained from surveys on 16 farms where ADE was present in the region of Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil. When farms were separated into two groups by market orientation, species richness on the farms was not significantly influenced by market orientation, but there was less dominance (i.e., more diversity) for homegardens in the low-market orientation group (P < 0.1). The proportion of native species was not affected by market orientation. Hence, while the most market-oriented farms retained high species richness, homegardens located on them contained higher proportions of commercially interesting species.
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subjectAgro-biodiversity ; Agrology ; Amazonia ; Amazonian Dark Earth ; ARTICLES ; Crop economics ; Crop science ; Crops ; Earth ; Farmers markets ; Farms ; Food crops ; Forest soils ; genetic erosion ; Market orientation ; Studies ; Subsistence farming ; Terra Preta de Índio ; Tillage
ispartofEconomic botany, 2005-01, Vol.59 (1), p.77-86
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abstractHomegardens may serve as reservoirs of agro-biodiversity on highly fertile, anthropogenic Amazonian Dark Earth (ADE) soils of the Amazon basin. However, as these soils are used more intensively for market-oriented agriculture, we suspected a decrease in their agro-biodiversity. We present data obtained from surveys on 16 farms where ADE was present in the region of Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil. When farms were separated into two groups by market orientation, species richness on the farms was not significantly influenced by market orientation, but there was less dominance (i.e., more diversity) for homegardens in the low-market orientation group (P < 0.1). The proportion of native species was not affected by market orientation. Hence, while the most market-oriented farms retained high species richness, homegardens located on them contained higher proportions of commercially interesting species.
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