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Bacterial rather than fungal community composition is associated with microbial activities and nutrient-use efficiencies in a paddy soil with short-term organic amendments

Background and aims Considering the global demands in sustaining agriculture, use of organic amendments is gradually increasing. An improved understanding of the biological process is essential to evaluate the performance of organic amendments on agro-ecosystem. Methods Soils subjected to different... Full description

Journal Title: Plant and soil 2018-03-01, Vol.424 (1/2), p.335-349
Main Author: Guo, Junjie
Other Authors: Liu, Wenbo , Zhu, Chen , Luo, Gongwen , Kong, Yali , Ling, Ning , Wang, Min , Dai, Jingyu , Shen, Qirong , Guo, Shiwei
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
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Publisher: Cham: Springer
ID: ISSN: 0032-079X
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recordid: cdi_proquest_journals_1980688467
title: Bacterial rather than fungal community composition is associated with microbial activities and nutrient-use efficiencies in a paddy soil with short-term organic amendments
format: Article
creator:
  • Guo, Junjie
  • Liu, Wenbo
  • Zhu, Chen
  • Luo, Gongwen
  • Kong, Yali
  • Ling, Ning
  • Wang, Min
  • Dai, Jingyu
  • Shen, Qirong
  • Guo, Shiwei
subjects:
  • Bacteria
  • Bioinformatics
  • Biological activity
  • Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Communities
  • Community composition
  • Ecology
  • Environmental aspects
  • Environmental changes
  • Fertilization
  • Fungi
  • Gene sequencing
  • Indicators
  • Life Sciences
  • Microbial colonies
  • Nutrients
  • Organic carbon
  • Organic soils
  • Plant Physiology
  • Plant Sciences
  • Regular Article
  • Rice fields
  • rRNA 16S
  • Soil amendment
  • Soil chemistry
  • Soil fertility
  • Soil microbiology
  • Soil microorganisms
  • Soil Science & Conservation
  • Taxa
ispartof: Plant and soil, 2018-03-01, Vol.424 (1/2), p.335-349
description: Background and aims Considering the global demands in sustaining agriculture, use of organic amendments is gradually increasing. An improved understanding of the biological process is essential to evaluate the performance of organic amendments on agro-ecosystem. Methods Soils subjected to different fertilization regimes were collected from a field experiment. Microbial community compositions are assessed with 16S and ITS rRNA gene sequencing and subsequent bioinformatics analysis. Microbial functions are characterized with the geometric mean of the assayed enzyme activities (GMea) and the microbial carbon-use efficiency:nitrogen-use efficiency ratio (CUE:NUE). Results Compared with the chemically fertilized soil, the GMea significantly increased in organically amended soils. In contrast, the CUE:NUE was highest in chemically treated soil. These changes of microbial functional indicators were associated with shifts in the bacterial and not the fungal community composition, despite the fact that both the bacterial and fungal community compositions were significantly affected by the fertilization regimes. The abundances of specific soil bacterial taxa, especially the genera Luteimonas and Gemmatimona, were enriched by organic amendments. Soil organic carbon emerged as the major determinant of the bacterial community composition. Conclusions Soil microbial activities and nutrient-use efficiencies were dramatically changed along with the alteration of bacterial community composition. Relatively greater abundance of Luteimonas and Gemmatimona taxa in soils might be useful indicators for soil amelioration. Our research could be helpful to provide better strategies for the maintenance of soil fertility.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0032-079X
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0032-079X
  • 1573-5036
url: Link


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titleBacterial rather than fungal community composition is associated with microbial activities and nutrient-use efficiencies in a paddy soil with short-term organic amendments
creatorGuo, Junjie ; Liu, Wenbo ; Zhu, Chen ; Luo, Gongwen ; Kong, Yali ; Ling, Ning ; Wang, Min ; Dai, Jingyu ; Shen, Qirong ; Guo, Shiwei
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descriptionBackground and aims Considering the global demands in sustaining agriculture, use of organic amendments is gradually increasing. An improved understanding of the biological process is essential to evaluate the performance of organic amendments on agro-ecosystem. Methods Soils subjected to different fertilization regimes were collected from a field experiment. Microbial community compositions are assessed with 16S and ITS rRNA gene sequencing and subsequent bioinformatics analysis. Microbial functions are characterized with the geometric mean of the assayed enzyme activities (GMea) and the microbial carbon-use efficiency:nitrogen-use efficiency ratio (CUE:NUE). Results Compared with the chemically fertilized soil, the GMea significantly increased in organically amended soils. In contrast, the CUE:NUE was highest in chemically treated soil. These changes of microbial functional indicators were associated with shifts in the bacterial and not the fungal community composition, despite the fact that both the bacterial and fungal community compositions were significantly affected by the fertilization regimes. The abundances of specific soil bacterial taxa, especially the genera Luteimonas and Gemmatimona, were enriched by organic amendments. Soil organic carbon emerged as the major determinant of the bacterial community composition. Conclusions Soil microbial activities and nutrient-use efficiencies were dramatically changed along with the alteration of bacterial community composition. Relatively greater abundance of Luteimonas and Gemmatimona taxa in soils might be useful indicators for soil amelioration. Our research could be helpful to provide better strategies for the maintenance of soil fertility.
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subjectBacteria ; Bioinformatics ; Biological activity ; Biomedical and Life Sciences ; Communities ; Community composition ; Ecology ; Environmental aspects ; Environmental changes ; Fertilization ; Fungi ; Gene sequencing ; Indicators ; Life Sciences ; Microbial colonies ; Nutrients ; Organic carbon ; Organic soils ; Plant Physiology ; Plant Sciences ; Regular Article ; Rice fields ; rRNA 16S ; Soil amendment ; Soil chemistry ; Soil fertility ; Soil microbiology ; Soil microorganisms ; Soil Science & Conservation ; Taxa
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descriptionBackground and aims Considering the global demands in sustaining agriculture, use of organic amendments is gradually increasing. An improved understanding of the biological process is essential to evaluate the performance of organic amendments on agro-ecosystem. Methods Soils subjected to different fertilization regimes were collected from a field experiment. Microbial community compositions are assessed with 16S and ITS rRNA gene sequencing and subsequent bioinformatics analysis. Microbial functions are characterized with the geometric mean of the assayed enzyme activities (GMea) and the microbial carbon-use efficiency:nitrogen-use efficiency ratio (CUE:NUE). Results Compared with the chemically fertilized soil, the GMea significantly increased in organically amended soils. In contrast, the CUE:NUE was highest in chemically treated soil. These changes of microbial functional indicators were associated with shifts in the bacterial and not the fungal community composition, despite the fact that both the bacterial and fungal community compositions were significantly affected by the fertilization regimes. The abundances of specific soil bacterial taxa, especially the genera Luteimonas and Gemmatimona, were enriched by organic amendments. Soil organic carbon emerged as the major determinant of the bacterial community composition. Conclusions Soil microbial activities and nutrient-use efficiencies were dramatically changed along with the alteration of bacterial community composition. Relatively greater abundance of Luteimonas and Gemmatimona taxa in soils might be useful indicators for soil amelioration. Our research could be helpful to provide better strategies for the maintenance of soil fertility.
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abstractBackground and aims Considering the global demands in sustaining agriculture, use of organic amendments is gradually increasing. An improved understanding of the biological process is essential to evaluate the performance of organic amendments on agro-ecosystem. Methods Soils subjected to different fertilization regimes were collected from a field experiment. Microbial community compositions are assessed with 16S and ITS rRNA gene sequencing and subsequent bioinformatics analysis. Microbial functions are characterized with the geometric mean of the assayed enzyme activities (GMea) and the microbial carbon-use efficiency:nitrogen-use efficiency ratio (CUE:NUE). Results Compared with the chemically fertilized soil, the GMea significantly increased in organically amended soils. In contrast, the CUE:NUE was highest in chemically treated soil. These changes of microbial functional indicators were associated with shifts in the bacterial and not the fungal community composition, despite the fact that both the bacterial and fungal community compositions were significantly affected by the fertilization regimes. The abundances of specific soil bacterial taxa, especially the genera Luteimonas and Gemmatimona, were enriched by organic amendments. Soil organic carbon emerged as the major determinant of the bacterial community composition. Conclusions Soil microbial activities and nutrient-use efficiencies were dramatically changed along with the alteration of bacterial community composition. Relatively greater abundance of Luteimonas and Gemmatimona taxa in soils might be useful indicators for soil amelioration. Our research could be helpful to provide better strategies for the maintenance of soil fertility.
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