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Exchangeability of orthophosphate and pyrophosphate in soils: a double isotopic labelling study

Liquid polyphosphate fertilisers have shown advantages in field experiments as a phosphorus (P) source for crops grown on calcareous soils. Polyphosphate fertilisers contain orthophosphate (oP), pyrophosphate (pP) and other condensed P species. A double labelling technique was developed using ion ch... Full description

Journal Title: Plant and soil 2009-01-01, Vol.314 (1/2), p.243-252
Main Author: MCBEATH, T. M
Other Authors: LOMBI, E , MCLAUGHLIN, M. J , BIINEMANN, E. K
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: Dordrecht: Springer
ID: ISSN: 0032-079X
Link: http://pascal-francis.inist.fr/vibad/index.php?action=getRecordDetail&idt=21002974
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recordid: cdi_proquest_journals_200574674
title: Exchangeability of orthophosphate and pyrophosphate in soils: a double isotopic labelling study
format: Article
creator:
  • MCBEATH, T. M
  • LOMBI, E
  • MCLAUGHLIN, M. J
  • BIINEMANN, E. K
subjects:
  • Agricultural site preparation
  • Agricultural soils
  • Agrology
  • Agronomy. Soil science and plant productions
  • Animal, plant and microbial ecology
  • Biological and medical sciences
  • Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Calcareous soils
  • Ecology
  • fertilisers
  • Fertilizers
  • Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology
  • Isotopes
  • lability
  • Life Sciences
  • Loam soils
  • Organic soils
  • Phosphorus
  • Plant Physiology
  • Plant Sciences
  • polyphosphate
  • Regular Article
  • Soil biochemistry
  • Soil organic carbon
  • Soil Science & Conservation
  • Soil solution
  • Soil water
  • Soils
  • Studies
ispartof: Plant and soil, 2009-01-01, Vol.314 (1/2), p.243-252
description: Liquid polyphosphate fertilisers have shown advantages in field experiments as a phosphorus (P) source for crops grown on calcareous soils. Polyphosphate fertilisers contain orthophosphate (oP), pyrophosphate (pP) and other condensed P species. A double labelling technique was developed using ion chromatography for separation of oP and pP, the major P species in polyphosphate fertilisers, in order to measure the isotopically exchangeable oP, pP and hydrolysed pP. Isotopically exchangeable P was measured in soils incubating for zero, three and 7 days after applying oP or pP to simulate a fertiliser band concentration at one g P kg-1 soil. The data from this incubation study suggest that pP addition initially resulted in less isotopically exchangeable P than oP addition but there was no significant difference in the total isotopically exchangeable P for the two different P sources after 7 days of incubation. The addition of pP to soil resulted in an increase in iron, aluminium and dissolved organic carbon in soil solution, and a decrease in calcium concentration in soil solution. This study has shown that the availability of P added as pP is governed by a complex series of processes that differ from the chemistry of oP reactions in soil.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0032-079X
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0032-079X
  • 1573-5036
url: Link


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descriptionLiquid polyphosphate fertilisers have shown advantages in field experiments as a phosphorus (P) source for crops grown on calcareous soils. Polyphosphate fertilisers contain orthophosphate (oP), pyrophosphate (pP) and other condensed P species. A double labelling technique was developed using ion chromatography for separation of oP and pP, the major P species in polyphosphate fertilisers, in order to measure the isotopically exchangeable oP, pP and hydrolysed pP. Isotopically exchangeable P was measured in soils incubating for zero, three and 7 days after applying oP or pP to simulate a fertiliser band concentration at one g P kg-1 soil. The data from this incubation study suggest that pP addition initially resulted in less isotopically exchangeable P than oP addition but there was no significant difference in the total isotopically exchangeable P for the two different P sources after 7 days of incubation. The addition of pP to soil resulted in an increase in iron, aluminium and dissolved organic carbon in soil solution, and a decrease in calcium concentration in soil solution. This study has shown that the availability of P added as pP is governed by a complex series of processes that differ from the chemistry of oP reactions in soil.
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subjectAgricultural site preparation ; Agricultural soils ; Agrology ; Agronomy. Soil science and plant productions ; Animal, plant and microbial ecology ; Biological and medical sciences ; Biomedical and Life Sciences ; Calcareous soils ; Ecology ; fertilisers ; Fertilizers ; Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology ; Isotopes ; lability ; Life Sciences ; Loam soils ; Organic soils ; Phosphorus ; Plant Physiology ; Plant Sciences ; polyphosphate ; Regular Article ; Soil biochemistry ; Soil organic carbon ; Soil Science & Conservation ; Soil solution ; Soil water ; Soils ; Studies
ispartofPlant and soil, 2009-01-01, Vol.314 (1/2), p.243-252
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descriptionLiquid polyphosphate fertilisers have shown advantages in field experiments as a phosphorus (P) source for crops grown on calcareous soils. Polyphosphate fertilisers contain orthophosphate (oP), pyrophosphate (pP) and other condensed P species. A double labelling technique was developed using ion chromatography for separation of oP and pP, the major P species in polyphosphate fertilisers, in order to measure the isotopically exchangeable oP, pP and hydrolysed pP. Isotopically exchangeable P was measured in soils incubating for zero, three and 7 days after applying oP or pP to simulate a fertiliser band concentration at one g P kg-1 soil. The data from this incubation study suggest that pP addition initially resulted in less isotopically exchangeable P than oP addition but there was no significant difference in the total isotopically exchangeable P for the two different P sources after 7 days of incubation. The addition of pP to soil resulted in an increase in iron, aluminium and dissolved organic carbon in soil solution, and a decrease in calcium concentration in soil solution. This study has shown that the availability of P added as pP is governed by a complex series of processes that differ from the chemistry of oP reactions in soil.
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abstractLiquid polyphosphate fertilisers have shown advantages in field experiments as a phosphorus (P) source for crops grown on calcareous soils. Polyphosphate fertilisers contain orthophosphate (oP), pyrophosphate (pP) and other condensed P species. A double labelling technique was developed using ion chromatography for separation of oP and pP, the major P species in polyphosphate fertilisers, in order to measure the isotopically exchangeable oP, pP and hydrolysed pP. Isotopically exchangeable P was measured in soils incubating for zero, three and 7 days after applying oP or pP to simulate a fertiliser band concentration at one g P kg-1 soil. The data from this incubation study suggest that pP addition initially resulted in less isotopically exchangeable P than oP addition but there was no significant difference in the total isotopically exchangeable P for the two different P sources after 7 days of incubation. The addition of pP to soil resulted in an increase in iron, aluminium and dissolved organic carbon in soil solution, and a decrease in calcium concentration in soil solution. This study has shown that the availability of P added as pP is governed by a complex series of processes that differ from the chemistry of oP reactions in soil.
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