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Woody Plant Diversity, Evolution, and Ecology in the Tropics: Perspectives from Seasonally Dry Tropical Forests

This review suggests that the ecology and patchy global distribution of seasonally dry tropical forest (SDTF) has distinctively structured the evolutionary history and biogeography of woody plant groups that are confined to it. SDTFs have few widespread woody plant species causing high β-diversity b... Full description

Journal Title: Annual Review of Ecology Evolution, and Systematics, 2009-12-01, Vol.40 (1), p.437-457
Main Author: Pennington, R. Toby
Other Authors: Lavin, Matt , Oliveira-Filho, Ary
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: Palo Alto, CA: Annual Reviews
ID: ISSN: 1543-592X
Link: http://pascal-francis.inist.fr/vibad/index.php?action=getRecordDetail&idt=22236762
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recordid: cdi_proquest_journals_219606849
title: Woody Plant Diversity, Evolution, and Ecology in the Tropics: Perspectives from Seasonally Dry Tropical Forests
format: Article
creator:
  • Pennington, R. Toby
  • Lavin, Matt
  • Oliveira-Filho, Ary
subjects:
  • Analysis
  • Animal and plant ecology
  • Animal, plant and microbial ecology
  • Biodiversity
  • Biological and medical sciences
  • Biological diversity
  • Biological taxonomies
  • Biomes
  • Cerrado
  • Cladistic analysis
  • Dispersal (Ecology)
  • dispersal limitation
  • Dry forests
  • Environmental aspects
  • Evolution
  • Evolutionary biology
  • Flowers & plants
  • Forest ecology
  • Forestry
  • Forests and forestry
  • Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology
  • General aspects
  • General forest ecology
  • Generalities. Production, biomass. Quality of wood and forest products. General forest ecology
  • metacommunity
  • Natural history
  • phylogenetic community structure
  • phylogenetic geographic structure
  • phylogenetic niche conservatism
  • Phylogenetics
  • Phylogeny
  • Physiological aspects
  • Plants
  • Rainforests
  • Tropical forests
  • Tropical rain forests
  • Usage
  • Vegetation
  • Woody plants
ispartof: Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 2009-12-01, Vol.40 (1), p.437-457
description: This review suggests that the ecology and patchy global distribution of seasonally dry tropical forest (SDTF) has distinctively structured the evolutionary history and biogeography of woody plant groups that are confined to it. SDTFs have few widespread woody plant species causing high β-diversity between separate areas of forests. These separate areas contain geologically old, monophyletic clades of endemic plant species that often have geographically structured intraspecific genetic variation. These patterns of diversity, endemism, and phylogeny indicate a stable, dispersal-limited SDTF system. SDTF species tend to belong to larger clades confined to this vegetation, exemplifying phylogenetic niche conservatism, and we argue that this is evidence that the SDTF is a metacommunity (biome) for woody plant clades. That phylogenetic, population genetic, biogeographic, and community ecological patterns differ in woody plants from tropical rain forests and savannas suggests a hypothesis that broad ecological settings strongly influence plant diversification in the tropics.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 1543-592X
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 1543-592X
  • 1545-2069
url: Link


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titleWoody Plant Diversity, Evolution, and Ecology in the Tropics: Perspectives from Seasonally Dry Tropical Forests
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descriptionThis review suggests that the ecology and patchy global distribution of seasonally dry tropical forest (SDTF) has distinctively structured the evolutionary history and biogeography of woody plant groups that are confined to it. SDTFs have few widespread woody plant species causing high β-diversity between separate areas of forests. These separate areas contain geologically old, monophyletic clades of endemic plant species that often have geographically structured intraspecific genetic variation. These patterns of diversity, endemism, and phylogeny indicate a stable, dispersal-limited SDTF system. SDTF species tend to belong to larger clades confined to this vegetation, exemplifying phylogenetic niche conservatism, and we argue that this is evidence that the SDTF is a metacommunity (biome) for woody plant clades. That phylogenetic, population genetic, biogeographic, and community ecological patterns differ in woody plants from tropical rain forests and savannas suggests a hypothesis that broad ecological settings strongly influence plant diversification in the tropics.
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languageeng
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subjectAnalysis ; Animal and plant ecology ; Animal, plant and microbial ecology ; Biodiversity ; Biological and medical sciences ; Biological diversity ; Biological taxonomies ; Biomes ; Cerrado ; Cladistic analysis ; Dispersal (Ecology) ; dispersal limitation ; Dry forests ; Environmental aspects ; Evolution ; Evolutionary biology ; Flowers & plants ; Forest ecology ; Forestry ; Forests and forestry ; Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology ; General aspects ; General forest ecology ; Generalities. Production, biomass. Quality of wood and forest products. General forest ecology ; metacommunity ; Natural history ; phylogenetic community structure ; phylogenetic geographic structure ; phylogenetic niche conservatism ; Phylogenetics ; Phylogeny ; Physiological aspects ; Plants ; Rainforests ; Tropical forests ; Tropical rain forests ; Usage ; Vegetation ; Woody plants
ispartofAnnual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 2009-12-01, Vol.40 (1), p.437-457
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1Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics
descriptionThis review suggests that the ecology and patchy global distribution of seasonally dry tropical forest (SDTF) has distinctively structured the evolutionary history and biogeography of woody plant groups that are confined to it. SDTFs have few widespread woody plant species causing high β-diversity between separate areas of forests. These separate areas contain geologically old, monophyletic clades of endemic plant species that often have geographically structured intraspecific genetic variation. These patterns of diversity, endemism, and phylogeny indicate a stable, dispersal-limited SDTF system. SDTF species tend to belong to larger clades confined to this vegetation, exemplifying phylogenetic niche conservatism, and we argue that this is evidence that the SDTF is a metacommunity (biome) for woody plant clades. That phylogenetic, population genetic, biogeographic, and community ecological patterns differ in woody plants from tropical rain forests and savannas suggests a hypothesis that broad ecological settings strongly influence plant diversification in the tropics.
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8Cerrado
9Cladistic analysis
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13Environmental aspects
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17Forest ecology
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26phylogenetic community structure
27phylogenetic geographic structure
28phylogenetic niche conservatism
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31Physiological aspects
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abstractThis review suggests that the ecology and patchy global distribution of seasonally dry tropical forest (SDTF) has distinctively structured the evolutionary history and biogeography of woody plant groups that are confined to it. SDTFs have few widespread woody plant species causing high β-diversity between separate areas of forests. These separate areas contain geologically old, monophyletic clades of endemic plant species that often have geographically structured intraspecific genetic variation. These patterns of diversity, endemism, and phylogeny indicate a stable, dispersal-limited SDTF system. SDTF species tend to belong to larger clades confined to this vegetation, exemplifying phylogenetic niche conservatism, and we argue that this is evidence that the SDTF is a metacommunity (biome) for woody plant clades. That phylogenetic, population genetic, biogeographic, and community ecological patterns differ in woody plants from tropical rain forests and savannas suggests a hypothesis that broad ecological settings strongly influence plant diversification in the tropics.
copPalo Alto, CA
pubAnnual Reviews
doi10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.110308.120327