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Demographic, seed and microsite limitations to seedling recruitment in semi-arid mine site restoration

Aims Understanding limitations to plant recruitment is a key element in devising effective restoration of semi-arid ecosystems: only when these limitations are identified can management interventions be effectively targeted. This study investigated demographic, seed and microsite limitations to esta... Full description

Journal Title: Plant and soil 2019, Vol.457 (1-2), p.113-129
Main Author: Commander, Lucy Elizabeth
Other Authors: Merino-Martín, Luis , Elliott, Carole P , Miller, Ben P , Dixon, Kingsley , Stevens, Jason
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: Cham: Springer International Publishing
ID: ISSN: 0032-079X
Link: https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03110101
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recordid: cdi_proquest_journals_2220520027
title: Demographic, seed and microsite limitations to seedling recruitment in semi-arid mine site restoration
format: Article
creator:
  • Commander, Lucy Elizabeth
  • Merino-Martín, Luis
  • Elliott, Carole P
  • Miller, Ben P
  • Dixon, Kingsley
  • Stevens, Jason
subjects:
  • Aridity
  • Biodiversity
  • Biodiversity and Ecology
  • Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Botanics
  • Demographics
  • Distribution
  • Dormancy
  • Ecological restoration
  • Ecology
  • Ecology, environment
  • Ecosystems
  • Emergence
  • Environmental Sciences
  • Furrows
  • Germination
  • Growth
  • Herbivores
  • Identification methods
  • Indigenous plants
  • Indigenous species
  • Life Sciences
  • Limiting factors
  • Methods
  • Mining
  • Plant Physiology
  • Plant Sciences
  • Planting
  • Planting density
  • Precision farming
  • Recruitment
  • Regular Article
  • Restoration
  • Seedlings
  • Seeds
  • Soil Science & Conservation
  • Strategic management
  • Systematics, Phylogenetics and taxonomy
  • Varieties
  • Vegetal Biology
ispartof: Plant and soil, 2019, Vol.457 (1-2), p.113-129
description: Aims Understanding limitations to plant recruitment is a key element in devising effective restoration of semi-arid ecosystems: only when these limitations are identified can management interventions be effectively targeted. This study investigated demographic, seed and microsite limitations to establishing native plant species in a semi-arid, post-mining restoration context. Methods We assessed ex situ and in situ germination and in situ emergence for eight key tree, shrub and annual herb species. We sowed non-treated seeds and seeds that were pre-treated to overcome dormancy, at differing densities and across diverse microsites to assess the roles of dormancy, seed density and microsite type as limiting factors for seedling recruitment. Results We found that dormancy loss, in situ germination and in situ emergence limited one or more species, and we were able to improve emergence of one species by seed addition and targeted manipulation of microsites. Conclusions The study has resulted in management implications including the importance of understanding methods to overcome dormancy to maximise germination; identifying key and species-specific demographic transitions; the importance of species-specific testing of seed sowing density; and the potential for increasing emergence by sowing seeds in furrows rather than broadcasting across rises and furrows, or on flat, unripped soil.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0032-079X
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0032-079X
  • 1573-5036
url: Link


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titleDemographic, seed and microsite limitations to seedling recruitment in semi-arid mine site restoration
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creatorcontribCommander, Lucy Elizabeth ; Merino-Martín, Luis ; Elliott, Carole P ; Miller, Ben P ; Dixon, Kingsley ; Stevens, Jason
descriptionAims Understanding limitations to plant recruitment is a key element in devising effective restoration of semi-arid ecosystems: only when these limitations are identified can management interventions be effectively targeted. This study investigated demographic, seed and microsite limitations to establishing native plant species in a semi-arid, post-mining restoration context. Methods We assessed ex situ and in situ germination and in situ emergence for eight key tree, shrub and annual herb species. We sowed non-treated seeds and seeds that were pre-treated to overcome dormancy, at differing densities and across diverse microsites to assess the roles of dormancy, seed density and microsite type as limiting factors for seedling recruitment. Results We found that dormancy loss, in situ germination and in situ emergence limited one or more species, and we were able to improve emergence of one species by seed addition and targeted manipulation of microsites. Conclusions The study has resulted in management implications including the importance of understanding methods to overcome dormancy to maximise germination; identifying key and species-specific demographic transitions; the importance of species-specific testing of seed sowing density; and the potential for increasing emergence by sowing seeds in furrows rather than broadcasting across rises and furrows, or on flat, unripped soil.
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subjectAridity ; Biodiversity ; Biodiversity and Ecology ; Biomedical and Life Sciences ; Botanics ; Demographics ; Distribution ; Dormancy ; Ecological restoration ; Ecology ; Ecology, environment ; Ecosystems ; Emergence ; Environmental Sciences ; Furrows ; Germination ; Growth ; Herbivores ; Identification methods ; Indigenous plants ; Indigenous species ; Life Sciences ; Limiting factors ; Methods ; Mining ; Plant Physiology ; Plant Sciences ; Planting ; Planting density ; Precision farming ; Recruitment ; Regular Article ; Restoration ; Seedlings ; Seeds ; Soil Science & Conservation ; Strategic management ; Systematics, Phylogenetics and taxonomy ; Varieties ; Vegetal Biology
ispartofPlant and soil, 2019, Vol.457 (1-2), p.113-129
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4Botanics
5Demographics
6Distribution
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15Germination
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21Life Sciences
22Limiting factors
23Methods
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25Plant Physiology
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34Seeds
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abstractAims Understanding limitations to plant recruitment is a key element in devising effective restoration of semi-arid ecosystems: only when these limitations are identified can management interventions be effectively targeted. This study investigated demographic, seed and microsite limitations to establishing native plant species in a semi-arid, post-mining restoration context. Methods We assessed ex situ and in situ germination and in situ emergence for eight key tree, shrub and annual herb species. We sowed non-treated seeds and seeds that were pre-treated to overcome dormancy, at differing densities and across diverse microsites to assess the roles of dormancy, seed density and microsite type as limiting factors for seedling recruitment. Results We found that dormancy loss, in situ germination and in situ emergence limited one or more species, and we were able to improve emergence of one species by seed addition and targeted manipulation of microsites. Conclusions The study has resulted in management implications including the importance of understanding methods to overcome dormancy to maximise germination; identifying key and species-specific demographic transitions; the importance of species-specific testing of seed sowing density; and the potential for increasing emergence by sowing seeds in furrows rather than broadcasting across rises and furrows, or on flat, unripped soil.
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