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Maize yield and nutrition during 4 years after biochar application to a Colombian savanna oxisol

The application of biochar (biomass-derived black carbon) to soil has been shown to improve crop yields, but the reasons for this are often not clearly demonstrated. Here, we studied the effect of a single application of 0, 8 and 20 t ha-1 of biochar to a Colombian savanna Oxisol for 4 years (2003–2... Full description

Journal Title: Plant and soil 2010-08-01, Vol.333 (1/2), p.117-128
Main Author: Major, Julie
Other Authors: Rondon, Marco , Molina, Diego , Riha, Susan J , Lehmann, Johannes
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: Dordrecht: Springer
ID: ISSN: 0032-079X
Link: http://pascal-francis.inist.fr/vibad/index.php?action=getRecordDetail&idt=23071799
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recordid: cdi_proquest_journals_646756947
title: Maize yield and nutrition during 4 years after biochar application to a Colombian savanna oxisol
format: Article
creator:
  • Major, Julie
  • Rondon, Marco
  • Molina, Diego
  • Riha, Susan J
  • Lehmann, Johannes
subjects:
  • Acid soils
  • Agricultural production
  • Agricultural soils
  • Agrology
  • Agronomy. Soil science and plant productions
  • Animal, plant and microbial ecology
  • Biochar
  • Biological and medical sciences
  • Biomass
  • Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Carbon
  • Corn
  • Ecology
  • Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology
  • General agronomy. Plant production
  • Life Sciences
  • Organic soils
  • Plant Physiology
  • Plant Sciences
  • Plants
  • Regular Article
  • Savanna soils
  • Soil acidity
  • Soil fertility
  • Soil science
  • Soil Science & Conservation
  • Soil-plant relationships. Soil fertility
  • Soil-plant relationships. Soil fertility. Fertilization. Amendments
  • Soybean
  • Soybeans
  • Tropical soils
ispartof: Plant and soil, 2010-08-01, Vol.333 (1/2), p.117-128
description: The application of biochar (biomass-derived black carbon) to soil has been shown to improve crop yields, but the reasons for this are often not clearly demonstrated. Here, we studied the effect of a single application of 0, 8 and 20 t ha-1 of biochar to a Colombian savanna Oxisol for 4 years (2003–2006), under a maize-soybean rotation. Soil sampling to 30 cm was carried out after maize harvest in all years but 2005, maize tissue samples were collected and crop biomass was measured at harvest. Maize grain yield did not significantly increase in the first year, but increases in the 20 t ha-1 plots over the control were 28, 30 and 140% for 2004, 2005 and 2006, respectively. The availability of nutrients such as Ca and Mg was greater with biochar, and crop tissue analyses showed that Ca and Mg were limiting in this system. Soil pH increased, and exchangeable acidity showed a decreasing trend with biochar application. We attribute the greater crop yield and nutrient uptake primarily to the 77–320% greater available Ca and Mg in soil where biochar was applied.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0032-079X
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0032-079X
  • 1573-5036
url: Link


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descriptionThe application of biochar (biomass-derived black carbon) to soil has been shown to improve crop yields, but the reasons for this are often not clearly demonstrated. Here, we studied the effect of a single application of 0, 8 and 20 t ha-1 of biochar to a Colombian savanna Oxisol for 4 years (2003–2006), under a maize-soybean rotation. Soil sampling to 30 cm was carried out after maize harvest in all years but 2005, maize tissue samples were collected and crop biomass was measured at harvest. Maize grain yield did not significantly increase in the first year, but increases in the 20 t ha-1 plots over the control were 28, 30 and 140% for 2004, 2005 and 2006, respectively. The availability of nutrients such as Ca and Mg was greater with biochar, and crop tissue analyses showed that Ca and Mg were limiting in this system. Soil pH increased, and exchangeable acidity showed a decreasing trend with biochar application. We attribute the greater crop yield and nutrient uptake primarily to the 77–320% greater available Ca and Mg in soil where biochar was applied.
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subjectAcid soils ; Agricultural production ; Agricultural soils ; Agrology ; Agronomy. Soil science and plant productions ; Animal, plant and microbial ecology ; Biochar ; Biological and medical sciences ; Biomass ; Biomedical and Life Sciences ; Carbon ; Corn ; Ecology ; Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology ; General agronomy. Plant production ; Life Sciences ; Organic soils ; Plant Physiology ; Plant Sciences ; Plants ; Regular Article ; Savanna soils ; Soil acidity ; Soil fertility ; Soil science ; Soil Science & Conservation ; Soil-plant relationships. Soil fertility ; Soil-plant relationships. Soil fertility. Fertilization. Amendments ; Soybean ; Soybeans ; Tropical soils
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22Soil acidity
23Soil fertility
24Soil science
25Soil Science & Conservation
26Soil-plant relationships. Soil fertility
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abstractThe application of biochar (biomass-derived black carbon) to soil has been shown to improve crop yields, but the reasons for this are often not clearly demonstrated. Here, we studied the effect of a single application of 0, 8 and 20 t ha-1 of biochar to a Colombian savanna Oxisol for 4 years (2003–2006), under a maize-soybean rotation. Soil sampling to 30 cm was carried out after maize harvest in all years but 2005, maize tissue samples were collected and crop biomass was measured at harvest. Maize grain yield did not significantly increase in the first year, but increases in the 20 t ha-1 plots over the control were 28, 30 and 140% for 2004, 2005 and 2006, respectively. The availability of nutrients such as Ca and Mg was greater with biochar, and crop tissue analyses showed that Ca and Mg were limiting in this system. Soil pH increased, and exchangeable acidity showed a decreasing trend with biochar application. We attribute the greater crop yield and nutrient uptake primarily to the 77–320% greater available Ca and Mg in soil where biochar was applied.
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