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Individualism—collectivism as a moderator of the work demands—strains relationship: A cross-level and cross-national examination

Surveying 6509 managers from 24 countries/geopolitical entities, we tested the process through which individualism-collectivism at the country level relates to employees' appraisals of and reactions to three types of work demands (i.e., work hours, workload, and organizational constraints). Our mult... Full description

Journal Title: Journal of international business studies 2012-05-01, Vol.43 (4), p.424-443
Main Author: Yang, L.Q
Other Authors: Spector, P.E , Sanchez, J.I , Allen, T.D , Poelmans, S.A.Y , Cooper, G.L , Lapierre, L.M , O'scoll, M.P , Abarca, N , Alexanova, M , Antoniou, A.S , Beham, B , Brough, P , Çarikçi, I , Ferreiro, P , Fraile, G , Geurts, S.A.E , Kinnunen, U , Lu, C.Q , Lu, L , Moreno-Velázquez, I.F , Pagon, M , Pitariu, H , Salamatov, V , Siu, O.L , Shima, S , Schulmeyer, M.K , Tillemann, K , Widerszal-Bazyl, M , Woo, J.M
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ar
Publisher: London: Palgrave Macmillan
ID: ISSN: 0047-2506
Link: http://econpapers.repec.org/article/paljintbs/v_3a43_3ay_3a2012_3ai_3a4_3ap_3a424-443.htm
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title: Individualism—collectivism as a moderator of the work demands—strains relationship: A cross-level and cross-national examination
format: Article
creator:
  • Yang, L.Q
  • Spector, P.E
  • Sanchez, J.I
  • Allen, T.D
  • Poelmans, S.A.Y
  • Cooper, G.L
  • Lapierre, L.M
  • O'scoll, M.P
  • Abarca, N
  • Alexanova, M
  • Antoniou, A.S
  • Beham, B
  • Brough, P
  • Çarikçi, I
  • Ferreiro, P
  • Fraile, G
  • Geurts, S.A.E
  • Kinnunen, U
  • Lu, C.Q
  • Lu, L
  • Moreno-Velázquez, I.F
  • Pagon, M
  • Pitariu, H
  • Salamatov, V
  • Siu, O.L
  • Shima, S
  • Schulmeyer, M.K
  • Tillemann, K
  • Widerszal-Bazyl, M
  • Woo, J.M
subjects:
  • Analysis
  • ar
  • Article
  • Business and Management
  • Business Strategy/Leadership
  • Collectivism
  • Cross-national analysis
  • Cultural values
  • Culture
  • Division of labor
  • Employees
  • general
  • Gross domestic product
  • Hypotheses
  • Individualism
  • Individuality
  • International Business
  • Job satisfaction
  • Job stress
  • Labor demand
  • Management
  • Managers
  • Methods
  • Objectives
  • Occupational stress
  • Organization
  • Organizational behavior
  • Organizational behaviour
  • Performance appraisals
  • Physical symptoms
  • Psychological stress
  • Social aspects
  • Studies
  • Threats
  • Universities
  • Work environment
  • Work hours
  • Working conditions
  • Working hours
  • Workloads
  • Workplace multiculturalism
ispartof: Journal of international business studies, 2012-05-01, Vol.43 (4), p.424-443
description: Surveying 6509 managers from 24 countries/geopolitical entities, we tested the process through which individualism-collectivism at the country level relates to employees' appraisals of and reactions to three types of work demands (i.e., work hours, workload, and organizational constraints). Our multilevel modeling results suggested that, while working the same number of hours, employees from individualistic countries reported a higher perceived workload than their counterparts in collectivistic countries. Furthermore, relationships of perceived workload and organizational constraints with job dissatisfaction and turnover intentions were stronger in individualistic than in collectivistic countries. Importantly, results of supplementary analyses suggested that the cultural value of individualism—collectivism moderated the mediation effect of perceived workload between work hours and both job dissatisfaction and turnover intentions. Our findings highlight the need to expand contemporary theories of work stress by applying multilevel approaches and incorporating crossnational differences in dimensions such as individualism—collectivism while studying how employees appraise and react to important work Stressors.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0047-2506
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0047-2506
  • 1478-6990
url: Link


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titleIndividualism—collectivism as a moderator of the work demands—strains relationship: A cross-level and cross-national examination
creatorYang, L.Q ; Spector, P.E ; Sanchez, J.I ; Allen, T.D ; Poelmans, S.A.Y ; Cooper, G.L ; Lapierre, L.M ; O'scoll, M.P ; Abarca, N ; Alexanova, M ; Antoniou, A.S ; Beham, B ; Brough, P ; Çarikçi, I ; Ferreiro, P ; Fraile, G ; Geurts, S.A.E ; Kinnunen, U ; Lu, C.Q ; Lu, L ; Moreno-Velázquez, I.F ; Pagon, M ; Pitariu, H ; Salamatov, V ; Siu, O.L ; Shima, S ; Schulmeyer, M.K ; Tillemann, K ; Widerszal-Bazyl, M ; Woo, J.M
creatorcontribYang, L.Q ; Spector, P.E ; Sanchez, J.I ; Allen, T.D ; Poelmans, S.A.Y ; Cooper, G.L ; Lapierre, L.M ; O'scoll, M.P ; Abarca, N ; Alexanova, M ; Antoniou, A.S ; Beham, B ; Brough, P ; Çarikçi, I ; Ferreiro, P ; Fraile, G ; Geurts, S.A.E ; Kinnunen, U ; Lu, C.Q ; Lu, L ; Moreno-Velázquez, I.F ; Pagon, M ; Pitariu, H ; Salamatov, V ; Siu, O.L ; Shima, S ; Schulmeyer, M.K ; Tillemann, K ; Widerszal-Bazyl, M ; Woo, J.M
descriptionSurveying 6509 managers from 24 countries/geopolitical entities, we tested the process through which individualism-collectivism at the country level relates to employees' appraisals of and reactions to three types of work demands (i.e., work hours, workload, and organizational constraints). Our multilevel modeling results suggested that, while working the same number of hours, employees from individualistic countries reported a higher perceived workload than their counterparts in collectivistic countries. Furthermore, relationships of perceived workload and organizational constraints with job dissatisfaction and turnover intentions were stronger in individualistic than in collectivistic countries. Importantly, results of supplementary analyses suggested that the cultural value of individualism—collectivism moderated the mediation effect of perceived workload between work hours and both job dissatisfaction and turnover intentions. Our findings highlight the need to expand contemporary theories of work stress by applying multilevel approaches and incorporating crossnational differences in dimensions such as individualism—collectivism while studying how employees appraise and react to important work Stressors.
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subjectAnalysis ; ar ; Article ; Business and Management ; Business Strategy/Leadership ; Collectivism ; Cross-national analysis ; Cultural values ; Culture ; Division of labor ; Employees ; general ; Gross domestic product ; Hypotheses ; Individualism ; Individuality ; International Business ; Job satisfaction ; Job stress ; Labor demand ; Management ; Managers ; Methods ; Objectives ; Occupational stress ; Organization ; Organizational behavior ; Organizational behaviour ; Performance appraisals ; Physical symptoms ; Psychological stress ; Social aspects ; Studies ; Threats ; Universities ; Work environment ; Work hours ; Working conditions ; Working hours ; Workloads ; Workplace multiculturalism
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descriptionSurveying 6509 managers from 24 countries/geopolitical entities, we tested the process through which individualism-collectivism at the country level relates to employees' appraisals of and reactions to three types of work demands (i.e., work hours, workload, and organizational constraints). Our multilevel modeling results suggested that, while working the same number of hours, employees from individualistic countries reported a higher perceived workload than their counterparts in collectivistic countries. Furthermore, relationships of perceived workload and organizational constraints with job dissatisfaction and turnover intentions were stronger in individualistic than in collectivistic countries. Importantly, results of supplementary analyses suggested that the cultural value of individualism—collectivism moderated the mediation effect of perceived workload between work hours and both job dissatisfaction and turnover intentions. Our findings highlight the need to expand contemporary theories of work stress by applying multilevel approaches and incorporating crossnational differences in dimensions such as individualism—collectivism while studying how employees appraise and react to important work Stressors.
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titleIndividualism—collectivism as a moderator of the work demands—strains relationship: A cross-level and cross-national examination
authorYang, L.Q ; Spector, P.E ; Sanchez, J.I ; Allen, T.D ; Poelmans, S.A.Y ; Cooper, G.L ; Lapierre, L.M ; O'scoll, M.P ; Abarca, N ; Alexanova, M ; Antoniou, A.S ; Beham, B ; Brough, P ; Çarikçi, I ; Ferreiro, P ; Fraile, G ; Geurts, S.A.E ; Kinnunen, U ; Lu, C.Q ; Lu, L ; Moreno-Velázquez, I.F ; Pagon, M ; Pitariu, H ; Salamatov, V ; Siu, O.L ; Shima, S ; Schulmeyer, M.K ; Tillemann, K ; Widerszal-Bazyl, M ; Woo, J.M
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4Business Strategy/Leadership
5Collectivism
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9Division of labor
10Employees
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15Individuality
16International Business
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20Management
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24Occupational stress
25Organization
26Organizational behavior
27Organizational behaviour
28Performance appraisals
29Physical symptoms
30Psychological stress
31Social aspects
32Studies
33Threats
34Universities
35Work environment
36Work hours
37Working conditions
38Working hours
39Workloads
40Workplace multiculturalism
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abstractSurveying 6509 managers from 24 countries/geopolitical entities, we tested the process through which individualism-collectivism at the country level relates to employees' appraisals of and reactions to three types of work demands (i.e., work hours, workload, and organizational constraints). Our multilevel modeling results suggested that, while working the same number of hours, employees from individualistic countries reported a higher perceived workload than their counterparts in collectivistic countries. Furthermore, relationships of perceived workload and organizational constraints with job dissatisfaction and turnover intentions were stronger in individualistic than in collectivistic countries. Importantly, results of supplementary analyses suggested that the cultural value of individualism—collectivism moderated the mediation effect of perceived workload between work hours and both job dissatisfaction and turnover intentions. Our findings highlight the need to expand contemporary theories of work stress by applying multilevel approaches and incorporating crossnational differences in dimensions such as individualism—collectivism while studying how employees appraise and react to important work Stressors.
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