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Nanoscale organo-mineral reactions of biochars in ferrosol: an investigation using microscopy

Aims In this study, a chicken manure biochar (CM biochar) and a paper sludge biochar (PS biochar), prepared under similar treatment conditions, were amended into ferrosol as part of an agronomic field trial. The aim of this study is to investigate interactions between these biochars and the soil aft... Full description

Journal Title: Plant and soil 2012-01-01, Vol.357 (1-2), p.369-380
Main Author: Lin, Yun
Other Authors: Munroe, Paul , Joseph, Stephen , Kimber, Stephen , Van Zwieten, Lukas
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: Dordrecht: Springer
ID: ISSN: 0032-079X
Link: http://pascal-francis.inist.fr/vibad/index.php?action=getRecordDetail&idt=26192486
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recordid: cdi_proquest_miscellaneous_1032898689
title: Nanoscale organo-mineral reactions of biochars in ferrosol: an investigation using microscopy
format: Article
creator:
  • Lin, Yun
  • Munroe, Paul
  • Joseph, Stephen
  • Kimber, Stephen
  • Van Zwieten, Lukas
subjects:
  • Acid soils
  • Adsorption
  • Agricultural soils
  • Agrology
  • Agronomy
  • Agronomy. Soil science and plant productions
  • Animal wastes
  • Animal, plant and microbial ecology
  • Binding energy
  • Biochar
  • Biogeochemistry
  • Biological and medical sciences
  • Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Calcium
  • Carbon
  • Chickens
  • Ecology
  • Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology
  • General agronomy. Plant production
  • Ionizing radiation
  • Life Sciences
  • Manure
  • Manures
  • Microscopy
  • Mineralogy
  • Minerals
  • Organic matter
  • Organic soils
  • Oxidation
  • pH effects
  • phenolic compounds
  • Photoelectron spectroscopy
  • Plant Physiology
  • Plant Sciences
  • Regular Article
  • Sludges
  • Soil
  • Soil organic matter
  • Soil plant interactions
  • Soil Science & Conservation
  • Soil-plant relationships. Soil fertility
  • Soil-plant relationships. Soil fertility. Fertilization. Amendments
  • Soils
  • Spectroscopy
ispartof: Plant and soil, 2012-01-01, Vol.357 (1-2), p.369-380
description: Aims In this study, a chicken manure biochar (CM biochar) and a paper sludge biochar (PS biochar), prepared under similar treatment conditions, were amended into ferrosol as part of an agronomic field trial. The aim of this study is to investigate interactions between these biochars and the soil after a 3 month trial. Methods Soil samples following field trials were taken and biochar was separated from the soil, and studied for both surface oxidation and the degree of interaction with surrounding soil by X-ray photo-electron spectroscopy (XPS), SEM and TEM equipped with EDS for elemental analysis. Results Following incubation in field soil, both biochars showed that soil mineral incorporation on to their surfaces occurred within the first year, although the attachment was localized at specific sites on the surface. A relatively high concentration of A1 was found at the interface between the biochar and mineral phases in both aged biochars, indicating a binding role of A1. For the CM biochar, a soil-iron redox reaction may be associated with the formation of biochar-mineral complexes due to the relatively higher labile carbon content and higher pH value of this biochar. Conclusions Soil mineral attachment may occur directly on to the biochar surface because of the formation of carboxylic and phenolic functional groups on the aged CM biochar surface by an oxidation reaction. For the PS biochar, absorption of organic matter from the soil facilitated interactions between the biochar and mineral phases in the soil. Calcium is believed to be important in this process.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0032-079X
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0032-079X
  • 1573-5036
url: Link


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titleNanoscale organo-mineral reactions of biochars in ferrosol: an investigation using microscopy
creatorLin, Yun ; Munroe, Paul ; Joseph, Stephen ; Kimber, Stephen ; Van Zwieten, Lukas
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descriptionAims In this study, a chicken manure biochar (CM biochar) and a paper sludge biochar (PS biochar), prepared under similar treatment conditions, were amended into ferrosol as part of an agronomic field trial. The aim of this study is to investigate interactions between these biochars and the soil after a 3 month trial. Methods Soil samples following field trials were taken and biochar was separated from the soil, and studied for both surface oxidation and the degree of interaction with surrounding soil by X-ray photo-electron spectroscopy (XPS), SEM and TEM equipped with EDS for elemental analysis. Results Following incubation in field soil, both biochars showed that soil mineral incorporation on to their surfaces occurred within the first year, although the attachment was localized at specific sites on the surface. A relatively high concentration of A1 was found at the interface between the biochar and mineral phases in both aged biochars, indicating a binding role of A1. For the CM biochar, a soil-iron redox reaction may be associated with the formation of biochar-mineral complexes due to the relatively higher labile carbon content and higher pH value of this biochar. Conclusions Soil mineral attachment may occur directly on to the biochar surface because of the formation of carboxylic and phenolic functional groups on the aged CM biochar surface by an oxidation reaction. For the PS biochar, absorption of organic matter from the soil facilitated interactions between the biochar and mineral phases in the soil. Calcium is believed to be important in this process.
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subjectAcid soils ; Adsorption ; Agricultural soils ; Agrology ; Agronomy ; Agronomy. Soil science and plant productions ; Animal wastes ; Animal, plant and microbial ecology ; Binding energy ; Biochar ; Biogeochemistry ; Biological and medical sciences ; Biomedical and Life Sciences ; Calcium ; Carbon ; Chickens ; Ecology ; Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology ; General agronomy. Plant production ; Ionizing radiation ; Life Sciences ; Manure ; Manures ; Microscopy ; Mineralogy ; Minerals ; Organic matter ; Organic soils ; Oxidation ; pH effects ; phenolic compounds ; Photoelectron spectroscopy ; Plant Physiology ; Plant Sciences ; Regular Article ; Sludges ; Soil ; Soil organic matter ; Soil plant interactions ; Soil Science & Conservation ; Soil-plant relationships. Soil fertility ; Soil-plant relationships. Soil fertility. Fertilization. Amendments ; Soils ; Spectroscopy
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descriptionAims In this study, a chicken manure biochar (CM biochar) and a paper sludge biochar (PS biochar), prepared under similar treatment conditions, were amended into ferrosol as part of an agronomic field trial. The aim of this study is to investigate interactions between these biochars and the soil after a 3 month trial. Methods Soil samples following field trials were taken and biochar was separated from the soil, and studied for both surface oxidation and the degree of interaction with surrounding soil by X-ray photo-electron spectroscopy (XPS), SEM and TEM equipped with EDS for elemental analysis. Results Following incubation in field soil, both biochars showed that soil mineral incorporation on to their surfaces occurred within the first year, although the attachment was localized at specific sites on the surface. A relatively high concentration of A1 was found at the interface between the biochar and mineral phases in both aged biochars, indicating a binding role of A1. For the CM biochar, a soil-iron redox reaction may be associated with the formation of biochar-mineral complexes due to the relatively higher labile carbon content and higher pH value of this biochar. Conclusions Soil mineral attachment may occur directly on to the biochar surface because of the formation of carboxylic and phenolic functional groups on the aged CM biochar surface by an oxidation reaction. For the PS biochar, absorption of organic matter from the soil facilitated interactions between the biochar and mineral phases in the soil. Calcium is believed to be important in this process.
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6Animal wastes
7Animal, plant and microbial ecology
8Binding energy
9Biochar
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16Ecology
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19Ionizing radiation
20Life Sciences
21Manure
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23Microscopy
24Mineralogy
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26Organic matter
27Organic soils
28Oxidation
29pH effects
30phenolic compounds
31Photoelectron spectroscopy
32Plant Physiology
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35Sludges
36Soil
37Soil organic matter
38Soil plant interactions
39Soil Science & Conservation
40Soil-plant relationships. Soil fertility
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42Soils
43Spectroscopy
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authorLin, Yun ; Munroe, Paul ; Joseph, Stephen ; Kimber, Stephen ; Van Zwieten, Lukas
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abstractAims In this study, a chicken manure biochar (CM biochar) and a paper sludge biochar (PS biochar), prepared under similar treatment conditions, were amended into ferrosol as part of an agronomic field trial. The aim of this study is to investigate interactions between these biochars and the soil after a 3 month trial. Methods Soil samples following field trials were taken and biochar was separated from the soil, and studied for both surface oxidation and the degree of interaction with surrounding soil by X-ray photo-electron spectroscopy (XPS), SEM and TEM equipped with EDS for elemental analysis. Results Following incubation in field soil, both biochars showed that soil mineral incorporation on to their surfaces occurred within the first year, although the attachment was localized at specific sites on the surface. A relatively high concentration of A1 was found at the interface between the biochar and mineral phases in both aged biochars, indicating a binding role of A1. For the CM biochar, a soil-iron redox reaction may be associated with the formation of biochar-mineral complexes due to the relatively higher labile carbon content and higher pH value of this biochar. Conclusions Soil mineral attachment may occur directly on to the biochar surface because of the formation of carboxylic and phenolic functional groups on the aged CM biochar surface by an oxidation reaction. For the PS biochar, absorption of organic matter from the soil facilitated interactions between the biochar and mineral phases in the soil. Calcium is believed to be important in this process.
copDordrecht
pubSpringer
doi10.1007/s11104-012-1169-8