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Long-term effects of organic amendments on the recovery of plant and soil microbial communities following disturbance in the Canadian boreal forest

Background and Aims Ecosystem recovery following disturbance requires the reestablishment of key soil biogeochemical processes. This long-term 7 year study describes effects of organic material, moisture, and vegetation on soil microbial community development in the Athabasca Oil Sands Region of Wes... Full description

Journal Title: Plant and Soil 2013, Vol.363 (1/2), p.331-344
Main Author: Hahn, Aria S
Other Authors: Quideau, Sylvie A
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: Dordrecht: Springer
ID: ISSN: 0032-079X
Link: http://pascal-francis.inist.fr/vibad/index.php?action=getRecordDetail&idt=27584152
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recordid: cdi_proquest_miscellaneous_1291610510
title: Long-term effects of organic amendments on the recovery of plant and soil microbial communities following disturbance in the Canadian boreal forest
format: Article
creator:
  • Hahn, Aria S
  • Quideau, Sylvie A
subjects:
  • Acid soils
  • Agronomy. Soil science and plant productions
  • Animal, plant and microbial ecology
  • Biochemistry and biology
  • Biogeochemistry
  • Biological and medical sciences
  • Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Chemical, physicochemical, biochemical and biological properties
  • complex mixtures
  • Ecology
  • Environmental aspects
  • Fatty acids
  • Forest soils
  • Forestry research
  • Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology
  • General agronomy. Plant production
  • Grassland soils
  • Land reclamation
  • Life Sciences
  • Microbiological research
  • Microbiology
  • Organic soils
  • Other nutrients. Amendments. Solid and liquid wastes. Sludges and slurries
  • Physics, chemistry, biochemistry and biology of agricultural and forest soils
  • Plant Physiology
  • Plant Science
  • Plant Sciences
  • Plant-soil relationships
  • Reclaimed soils
  • Regular Article
  • Soil amendments
  • Soil composition
  • Soil ecology
  • Soil microbiology
  • Soil microorganisms
  • Soil Science
  • Soil Science & Conservation
  • Soil water
  • Soil-plant relationships. Soil fertility
  • Soil-plant relationships. Soil fertility. Fertilization. Amendments
  • Taigas
  • Terrestrial ecosystems
ispartof: Plant and Soil, 2013, Vol.363 (1/2), p.331-344
description: Background and Aims Ecosystem recovery following disturbance requires the reestablishment of key soil biogeochemical processes. This long-term 7 year study describes effects of organic material, moisture, and vegetation on soil microbial community development in the Athabasca Oil Sands Region of Western Canada. Methods Phospholipid fatty acid analysis was used to characterize and compare soil microbial community composition and development on reclaimed and natural forest sites. Additionally, we conducted a laboratory moisture manipulation experiment. Results The use of forest floor material as an organic amendment resulted in a greater percent cover of upland vegetation and placed the soil microbial community on a faster trajectory towards ecosystem recovery than did the use of a peat amendment. The soil microbial composition within the reclaimed sites exhibited a greater response to changes in moisture than did the soil microbial communities from natural sites. Conclusion Our research shows that the use of native organic amendment (forest floor) on reclaimed sites, and the associated establishment of native vegetation promote the development of soil microbial communities more similar to those found on natural forest sites. Additionally, soil microbial communities from natural sites may be more resistant to changes in soil moisture than those found on reclaimed sites.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0032-079X
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0032-079X
  • 1573-5036
url: Link


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titleLong-term effects of organic amendments on the recovery of plant and soil microbial communities following disturbance in the Canadian boreal forest
creatorHahn, Aria S ; Quideau, Sylvie A
creatorcontribHahn, Aria S ; Quideau, Sylvie A
descriptionBackground and Aims Ecosystem recovery following disturbance requires the reestablishment of key soil biogeochemical processes. This long-term 7 year study describes effects of organic material, moisture, and vegetation on soil microbial community development in the Athabasca Oil Sands Region of Western Canada. Methods Phospholipid fatty acid analysis was used to characterize and compare soil microbial community composition and development on reclaimed and natural forest sites. Additionally, we conducted a laboratory moisture manipulation experiment. Results The use of forest floor material as an organic amendment resulted in a greater percent cover of upland vegetation and placed the soil microbial community on a faster trajectory towards ecosystem recovery than did the use of a peat amendment. The soil microbial composition within the reclaimed sites exhibited a greater response to changes in moisture than did the soil microbial communities from natural sites. Conclusion Our research shows that the use of native organic amendment (forest floor) on reclaimed sites, and the associated establishment of native vegetation promote the development of soil microbial communities more similar to those found on natural forest sites. Additionally, soil microbial communities from natural sites may be more resistant to changes in soil moisture than those found on reclaimed sites.
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subjectAcid soils ; Agronomy. Soil science and plant productions ; Animal, plant and microbial ecology ; Biochemistry and biology ; Biogeochemistry ; Biological and medical sciences ; Biomedical and Life Sciences ; Chemical, physicochemical, biochemical and biological properties ; complex mixtures ; Ecology ; Environmental aspects ; Fatty acids ; Forest soils ; Forestry research ; Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology ; General agronomy. Plant production ; Grassland soils ; Land reclamation ; Life Sciences ; Microbiological research ; Microbiology ; Organic soils ; Other nutrients. Amendments. Solid and liquid wastes. Sludges and slurries ; Physics, chemistry, biochemistry and biology of agricultural and forest soils ; Plant Physiology ; Plant Science ; Plant Sciences ; Plant-soil relationships ; Reclaimed soils ; Regular Article ; Soil amendments ; Soil composition ; Soil ecology ; Soil microbiology ; Soil microorganisms ; Soil Science ; Soil Science & Conservation ; Soil water ; Soil-plant relationships. Soil fertility ; Soil-plant relationships. Soil fertility. Fertilization. Amendments ; Taigas ; Terrestrial ecosystems
ispartofPlant and Soil, 2013, Vol.363 (1/2), p.331-344
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descriptionBackground and Aims Ecosystem recovery following disturbance requires the reestablishment of key soil biogeochemical processes. This long-term 7 year study describes effects of organic material, moisture, and vegetation on soil microbial community development in the Athabasca Oil Sands Region of Western Canada. Methods Phospholipid fatty acid analysis was used to characterize and compare soil microbial community composition and development on reclaimed and natural forest sites. Additionally, we conducted a laboratory moisture manipulation experiment. Results The use of forest floor material as an organic amendment resulted in a greater percent cover of upland vegetation and placed the soil microbial community on a faster trajectory towards ecosystem recovery than did the use of a peat amendment. The soil microbial composition within the reclaimed sites exhibited a greater response to changes in moisture than did the soil microbial communities from natural sites. Conclusion Our research shows that the use of native organic amendment (forest floor) on reclaimed sites, and the associated establishment of native vegetation promote the development of soil microbial communities more similar to those found on natural forest sites. Additionally, soil microbial communities from natural sites may be more resistant to changes in soil moisture than those found on reclaimed sites.
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27Plant-soil relationships
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37Soil water
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atitleLong-term effects of organic amendments on the recovery of plant and soil microbial communities following disturbance in the Canadian boreal forest
jtitlePlant and Soil
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risdate2013
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abstractBackground and Aims Ecosystem recovery following disturbance requires the reestablishment of key soil biogeochemical processes. This long-term 7 year study describes effects of organic material, moisture, and vegetation on soil microbial community development in the Athabasca Oil Sands Region of Western Canada. Methods Phospholipid fatty acid analysis was used to characterize and compare soil microbial community composition and development on reclaimed and natural forest sites. Additionally, we conducted a laboratory moisture manipulation experiment. Results The use of forest floor material as an organic amendment resulted in a greater percent cover of upland vegetation and placed the soil microbial community on a faster trajectory towards ecosystem recovery than did the use of a peat amendment. The soil microbial composition within the reclaimed sites exhibited a greater response to changes in moisture than did the soil microbial communities from natural sites. Conclusion Our research shows that the use of native organic amendment (forest floor) on reclaimed sites, and the associated establishment of native vegetation promote the development of soil microbial communities more similar to those found on natural forest sites. Additionally, soil microbial communities from natural sites may be more resistant to changes in soil moisture than those found on reclaimed sites.
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doi10.1007/s11104-012-1306-4
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