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Interaction of personality traits with social deprivation in determining mental wellbeing and health behaviours

Background Associations between personality traits, mental wellbeing and good health behaviours were examined to understand further the social and psychological context of the health divide. Methods In a cross-sectional study, 666 subjects recruited from areas of high and low socioeconomic deprivati... Full description

Journal Title: Journal of public health (Oxford England), 2012-12-01, Vol.34 (4), p.615-624
Main Author: Packard, Chris J
Other Authors: Cavanagh, Jonathan , McLean, Jennifer S , McConnachie, Alex , Messow, Claudia-Martina , Batty, G David , Burns, Harry , Deans, Kevin A , Sattar, Naveed , Shiels, Paul G , Velupillai, Yoga N , Tannahill, Carol , Millar, Keith
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: England: Oxford University Press
ID: ISSN: 1741-3842
Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22553217
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title: Interaction of personality traits with social deprivation in determining mental wellbeing and health behaviours
format: Article
creator:
  • Packard, Chris J
  • Cavanagh, Jonathan
  • McLean, Jennifer S
  • McConnachie, Alex
  • Messow, Claudia-Martina
  • Batty, G David
  • Burns, Harry
  • Deans, Kevin A
  • Sattar, Naveed
  • Shiels, Paul G
  • Velupillai, Yoga N
  • Tannahill, Carol
  • Millar, Keith
subjects:
  • Adult
  • Diet
  • Exercise
  • Extraversion
  • Female
  • Health
  • Health Behavior
  • Health behaviour
  • Health Disparities
  • Hopelessness
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mental Health - classification
  • Middle Aged
  • Models, Psychological
  • Personality
  • Personality - classification
  • Personality Tests
  • Regression Analysis
  • Scotland
  • Smoking
  • Social Class
  • Wellbeing
ispartof: Journal of public health (Oxford, England), 2012-12-01, Vol.34 (4), p.615-624
description: Background Associations between personality traits, mental wellbeing and good health behaviours were examined to understand further the social and psychological context of the health divide. Methods In a cross-sectional study, 666 subjects recruited from areas of high and low socioeconomic deprivation had personality traits and mental wellbeing assessed, and lifestyle behaviours quantified. Regression models (using deprivation as a moderating variable) assessed the extent to which personality traits and mental wellbeing predicted health behaviour. Results Deprived (vs. affluent) subjects exhibited similar levels of extraversion but higher levels of neuroticism and psychoticism, more hopelessness, less sense of coherence, lower self-esteem and lower self-efficacy (all P
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 1741-3842
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 1741-3842
  • 1741-3850
url: Link


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titleInteraction of personality traits with social deprivation in determining mental wellbeing and health behaviours
creatorPackard, Chris J ; Cavanagh, Jonathan ; McLean, Jennifer S ; McConnachie, Alex ; Messow, Claudia-Martina ; Batty, G David ; Burns, Harry ; Deans, Kevin A ; Sattar, Naveed ; Shiels, Paul G ; Velupillai, Yoga N ; Tannahill, Carol ; Millar, Keith
creatorcontribPackard, Chris J ; Cavanagh, Jonathan ; McLean, Jennifer S ; McConnachie, Alex ; Messow, Claudia-Martina ; Batty, G David ; Burns, Harry ; Deans, Kevin A ; Sattar, Naveed ; Shiels, Paul G ; Velupillai, Yoga N ; Tannahill, Carol ; Millar, Keith
descriptionBackground Associations between personality traits, mental wellbeing and good health behaviours were examined to understand further the social and psychological context of the health divide. Methods In a cross-sectional study, 666 subjects recruited from areas of high and low socioeconomic deprivation had personality traits and mental wellbeing assessed, and lifestyle behaviours quantified. Regression models (using deprivation as a moderating variable) assessed the extent to which personality traits and mental wellbeing predicted health behaviour. Results Deprived (vs. affluent) subjects exhibited similar levels of extraversion but higher levels of neuroticism and psychoticism, more hopelessness, less sense of coherence, lower self-esteem and lower self-efficacy (all P<0.001). They ate less fruit and vegetables, smoked more and took less aerobic exercise (all P< 0.001). In the deprived group, personality traits were significantly more important predictors of mental wellbeing than in the least deprived group (P< 0.01 for interaction), and mental wellbeing and extraversion appeared more strongly related to good health behaviours. Conclusions Persistence of a social divide in health may be related to interactions between personality, mental wellbeing and the adoption of good health behaviours in deprived areas. Effectiveness of health messages may be enhanced by accommodating the variation in the levels of extraversion, neuroticism, hopelessness and sense of coherence.
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subjectAdult ; Diet ; Exercise ; Extraversion ; Female ; Health ; Health Behavior ; Health behaviour ; Health Disparities ; Hopelessness ; Humans ; Male ; Mental Health - classification ; Middle Aged ; Models, Psychological ; Personality ; Personality - classification ; Personality Tests ; Regression Analysis ; Scotland ; Smoking ; Social Class ; Wellbeing
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descriptionBackground Associations between personality traits, mental wellbeing and good health behaviours were examined to understand further the social and psychological context of the health divide. Methods In a cross-sectional study, 666 subjects recruited from areas of high and low socioeconomic deprivation had personality traits and mental wellbeing assessed, and lifestyle behaviours quantified. Regression models (using deprivation as a moderating variable) assessed the extent to which personality traits and mental wellbeing predicted health behaviour. Results Deprived (vs. affluent) subjects exhibited similar levels of extraversion but higher levels of neuroticism and psychoticism, more hopelessness, less sense of coherence, lower self-esteem and lower self-efficacy (all P<0.001). They ate less fruit and vegetables, smoked more and took less aerobic exercise (all P< 0.001). In the deprived group, personality traits were significantly more important predictors of mental wellbeing than in the least deprived group (P< 0.01 for interaction), and mental wellbeing and extraversion appeared more strongly related to good health behaviours. Conclusions Persistence of a social divide in health may be related to interactions between personality, mental wellbeing and the adoption of good health behaviours in deprived areas. Effectiveness of health messages may be enhanced by accommodating the variation in the levels of extraversion, neuroticism, hopelessness and sense of coherence.
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8Sattar, Naveed
9Shiels, Paul G
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abstractBackground Associations between personality traits, mental wellbeing and good health behaviours were examined to understand further the social and psychological context of the health divide. Methods In a cross-sectional study, 666 subjects recruited from areas of high and low socioeconomic deprivation had personality traits and mental wellbeing assessed, and lifestyle behaviours quantified. Regression models (using deprivation as a moderating variable) assessed the extent to which personality traits and mental wellbeing predicted health behaviour. Results Deprived (vs. affluent) subjects exhibited similar levels of extraversion but higher levels of neuroticism and psychoticism, more hopelessness, less sense of coherence, lower self-esteem and lower self-efficacy (all P<0.001). They ate less fruit and vegetables, smoked more and took less aerobic exercise (all P< 0.001). In the deprived group, personality traits were significantly more important predictors of mental wellbeing than in the least deprived group (P< 0.01 for interaction), and mental wellbeing and extraversion appeared more strongly related to good health behaviours. Conclusions Persistence of a social divide in health may be related to interactions between personality, mental wellbeing and the adoption of good health behaviours in deprived areas. Effectiveness of health messages may be enhanced by accommodating the variation in the levels of extraversion, neuroticism, hopelessness and sense of coherence.
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