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Cohort Change and Racial Differences in Educational and Income Mobility

Policy reforms and rising income inequality transformed educational and economic opportunities for Americans approaching midlife in the 1990s. Rising income inequality may have reduced mobility, as income gaps increased between rich and poor children. Against the effects of rising inequality, Civil... Full description

Journal Title: Social forces 2011, Vol.90 (2), p.375-395
Main Author: Bloome, Deirdre
Other Authors: Western, Bruce
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Quelle: Alma/SFX Local Collection
Publisher: Chapel Hill, NC: Oxford University Press
ID: ISSN: 0037-7732
Link: http://pascal-francis.inist.fr/vibad/index.php?action=getRecordDetail&idt=25507541
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recordid: cdi_proquest_miscellaneous_1418114335
title: Cohort Change and Racial Differences in Educational and Income Mobility
format: Article
creator:
  • Bloome, Deirdre
  • Western, Bruce
subjects:
  • 20th century
  • African Americans
  • Black people
  • Black white differences
  • Black white relations
  • Children
  • Civil Rights
  • Cohort analysis
  • Cultures and civilizations
  • Economic sociology
  • Economic trends
  • Education
  • Education policy
  • Education reform
  • Educational attainment
  • Educational equalization
  • Educational Mobility
  • Equal education
  • Ethnic relations. Racism
  • History
  • Hout, Michael
  • Income
  • Income distribution
  • Income Inequality
  • Income mobility
  • Inequality
  • Intergenerational mobility
  • Low income groups
  • Males
  • Mobility
  • Neighborhood
  • Parents
  • Policy Reform
  • Racial Differences
  • Racial differentiation
  • Reform
  • Reforms
  • Social mobility
  • SOCIAL STRATIFICATION
  • Sociology
  • Sociology of economy and development
  • Sons
  • Standard of living. Income
  • Students
  • United States
  • Upward mobility
  • Wage mobility
  • White people
  • Whites
ispartof: Social forces, 2011, Vol.90 (2), p.375-395
description: Policy reforms and rising income inequality transformed educational and economic opportunities for Americans approaching midlife in the 1990s. Rising income inequality may have reduced mobility, as income gaps increased between rich and poor children. Against the effects of rising inequality, Civil Rights reforms may have increased mobility, as opportunities expanded across cohorts of black students and workers. We compare educational and income mobility for two cohorts of black and white men, the older born in the late 1940s and the younger born in the early 1960s. We find that educational mobility increased for black men, but income mobility declined for both races. Economic mobility declined despite unchanged or improved educational mobility because of increased returns to schooling and increased intergenerational income correlations, independent of schooling.
language: eng
source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
identifier: ISSN: 0037-7732
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0037-7732
  • 1534-7605
url: Link


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descriptionPolicy reforms and rising income inequality transformed educational and economic opportunities for Americans approaching midlife in the 1990s. Rising income inequality may have reduced mobility, as income gaps increased between rich and poor children. Against the effects of rising inequality, Civil Rights reforms may have increased mobility, as opportunities expanded across cohorts of black students and workers. We compare educational and income mobility for two cohorts of black and white men, the older born in the late 1940s and the younger born in the early 1960s. We find that educational mobility increased for black men, but income mobility declined for both races. Economic mobility declined despite unchanged or improved educational mobility because of increased returns to schooling and increased intergenerational income correlations, independent of schooling.
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subject20th century ; African Americans ; Black people ; Black white differences ; Black white relations ; Children ; Civil Rights ; Cohort analysis ; Cultures and civilizations ; Economic sociology ; Economic trends ; Education ; Education policy ; Education reform ; Educational attainment ; Educational equalization ; Educational Mobility ; Equal education ; Ethnic relations. Racism ; History ; Hout, Michael ; Income ; Income distribution ; Income Inequality ; Income mobility ; Inequality ; Intergenerational mobility ; Low income groups ; Males ; Mobility ; Neighborhood ; Parents ; Policy Reform ; Racial Differences ; Racial differentiation ; Reform ; Reforms ; Social mobility ; SOCIAL STRATIFICATION ; Sociology ; Sociology of economy and development ; Sons ; Standard of living. Income ; Students ; United States ; Upward mobility ; Wage mobility ; White people ; Whites
ispartofSocial forces, 2011, Vol.90 (2), p.375-395
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02011 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
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020th century
1African Americans
2Black people
3Black white differences
4Black white relations
5Children
6Civil Rights
7Cohort analysis
8Cultures and civilizations
9Economic sociology
10Economic trends
11Education
12Education policy
13Education reform
14Educational attainment
15Educational equalization
16Educational Mobility
17Equal education
18Ethnic relations. Racism
19History
20Hout, Michael
21Income
22Income distribution
23Income Inequality
24Income mobility
25Inequality
26Intergenerational mobility
27Low income groups
28Males
29Mobility
30Neighborhood
31Parents
32Policy Reform
33Racial Differences
34Racial differentiation
35Reform
36Reforms
37Social mobility
38SOCIAL STRATIFICATION
39Sociology
40Sociology of economy and development
41Sons
42Standard of living. Income
43Students
44United States
45Upward mobility
46Wage mobility
47White people
48Whites
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40Sociology of economy and development
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42Standard of living. Income
43Students
44United States
45Upward mobility
46Wage mobility
47White people
48Whites
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abstractPolicy reforms and rising income inequality transformed educational and economic opportunities for Americans approaching midlife in the 1990s. Rising income inequality may have reduced mobility, as income gaps increased between rich and poor children. Against the effects of rising inequality, Civil Rights reforms may have increased mobility, as opportunities expanded across cohorts of black students and workers. We compare educational and income mobility for two cohorts of black and white men, the older born in the late 1940s and the younger born in the early 1960s. We find that educational mobility increased for black men, but income mobility declined for both races. Economic mobility declined despite unchanged or improved educational mobility because of increased returns to schooling and increased intergenerational income correlations, independent of schooling.
copChapel Hill, NC
pubOxford University Press
doi10.1093/sf/sor002
tpages21