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Fatality of a wild Bornean orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus morio): behavior and death of a wounded juvenile in Danum Valley, North Borneo

Reports of wild great ape fatalities have been very limited, and only two have described wild orangutan deaths. We found a wounded juvenile female Bornean orangutan on 7 October 2006 in the Danum Valley, Sabah, Malaysia, and observed the individual’s behavior for 7 days until her death on 13 October... Full description

Journal Title: Primates 2012-02-19, Vol.53 (3), p.221-226
Main Author: Kanamori, Tomoko
Other Authors: Kuze, Noko , Bernard, Henry , Malim, Titol Peter , Kohshima, Shiro
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: Japan: Springer Japan
ID: ISSN: 0032-8332
Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22350273
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title: Fatality of a wild Bornean orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus morio): behavior and death of a wounded juvenile in Danum Valley, North Borneo
format: Article
creator:
  • Kanamori, Tomoko
  • Kuze, Noko
  • Bernard, Henry
  • Malim, Titol Peter
  • Kohshima, Shiro
subjects:
  • Animal behavior
  • Animal Ecology
  • Animal populations
  • Animals
  • Ape Diseases - microbiology
  • Ape Diseases - mortality
  • Bacteremia - microbiology
  • Bacteremia - mortality
  • Bacteremia - veterinary
  • Behavioral Sciences
  • Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Borneo
  • Death & dying
  • Evolutionary Biology
  • Female
  • Life Sciences
  • Malaysia
  • Monkeys & apes
  • Motor Activity
  • News and Perspectives
  • Pongo pygmaeus
  • Pongo pygmaeus - injuries
  • Primates
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa - isolation & purification
  • Pseudomonas Infections - microbiology
  • Pseudomonas Infections - mortality
  • Pseudomonas Infections - veterinary
  • Zoology
ispartof: Primates, 2012-02-19, Vol.53 (3), p.221-226
description: Reports of wild great ape fatalities have been very limited, and only two have described wild orangutan deaths. We found a wounded juvenile female Bornean orangutan on 7 October 2006 in the Danum Valley, Sabah, Malaysia, and observed the individual’s behavior for 7 days until her death on 13 October 2006. The 5–6-year-old orangutan, which we had observed since 2004, was wounded in the left brachium, back, and right hand. The individual’s behavior changed after injury; the mean nest–nest active time became significantly shorter than before injury (from 12 h 3 min to 9 h 33 min), the mean waking time became significantly later (0552–0629 hours) and the mean bedtime became significantly earlier (from 1747 to 1603 hours). In the activity budget, resting increased significantly from 28.0 to 53.3%. Traveling and feeding decreased significantly from 23.5 to 12.7% and from 45.6 to 32.8%, respectively. The rate of brachiation during traveling and nest making decreased, whereas ground activity increased from 0 to 9%. We observed one vomiting incident and four occurrences of watery diarrhea during the 7 days before the individual died. The results of an autopsy performed by a local veterinarian suggested that the cause of death was septicemia because of Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection of the severely contaminated wounds. The morphology and distribution of the wounds suggested they had been incurred during an attack by a large animal with fangs and/or claws. This juvenile female became independent of its mother at ~4–5 years of age, slightly earlier than average. This individual might have been vulnerable to predatory attack because of her small body size (~5 kg at death) and lack of the mother’s protection.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0032-8332
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0032-8332
  • 1610-7365
url: Link


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titleFatality of a wild Bornean orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus morio): behavior and death of a wounded juvenile in Danum Valley, North Borneo
creatorKanamori, Tomoko ; Kuze, Noko ; Bernard, Henry ; Malim, Titol Peter ; Kohshima, Shiro
creatorcontribKanamori, Tomoko ; Kuze, Noko ; Bernard, Henry ; Malim, Titol Peter ; Kohshima, Shiro
descriptionReports of wild great ape fatalities have been very limited, and only two have described wild orangutan deaths. We found a wounded juvenile female Bornean orangutan on 7 October 2006 in the Danum Valley, Sabah, Malaysia, and observed the individual’s behavior for 7 days until her death on 13 October 2006. The 5–6-year-old orangutan, which we had observed since 2004, was wounded in the left brachium, back, and right hand. The individual’s behavior changed after injury; the mean nest–nest active time became significantly shorter than before injury (from 12 h 3 min to 9 h 33 min), the mean waking time became significantly later (0552–0629 hours) and the mean bedtime became significantly earlier (from 1747 to 1603 hours). In the activity budget, resting increased significantly from 28.0 to 53.3%. Traveling and feeding decreased significantly from 23.5 to 12.7% and from 45.6 to 32.8%, respectively. The rate of brachiation during traveling and nest making decreased, whereas ground activity increased from 0 to 9%. We observed one vomiting incident and four occurrences of watery diarrhea during the 7 days before the individual died. The results of an autopsy performed by a local veterinarian suggested that the cause of death was septicemia because of Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection of the severely contaminated wounds. The morphology and distribution of the wounds suggested they had been incurred during an attack by a large animal with fangs and/or claws. This juvenile female became independent of its mother at ~4–5 years of age, slightly earlier than average. This individual might have been vulnerable to predatory attack because of her small body size (~5 kg at death) and lack of the mother’s protection.
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subjectAnimal behavior ; Animal Ecology ; Animal populations ; Animals ; Ape Diseases - microbiology ; Ape Diseases - mortality ; Bacteremia - microbiology ; Bacteremia - mortality ; Bacteremia - veterinary ; Behavioral Sciences ; Biomedical and Life Sciences ; Borneo ; Death & dying ; Evolutionary Biology ; Female ; Life Sciences ; Malaysia ; Monkeys & apes ; Motor Activity ; News and Perspectives ; Pongo pygmaeus ; Pongo pygmaeus - injuries ; Primates ; Pseudomonas aeruginosa ; Pseudomonas aeruginosa - isolation & purification ; Pseudomonas Infections - microbiology ; Pseudomonas Infections - mortality ; Pseudomonas Infections - veterinary ; Zoology
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descriptionReports of wild great ape fatalities have been very limited, and only two have described wild orangutan deaths. We found a wounded juvenile female Bornean orangutan on 7 October 2006 in the Danum Valley, Sabah, Malaysia, and observed the individual’s behavior for 7 days until her death on 13 October 2006. The 5–6-year-old orangutan, which we had observed since 2004, was wounded in the left brachium, back, and right hand. The individual’s behavior changed after injury; the mean nest–nest active time became significantly shorter than before injury (from 12 h 3 min to 9 h 33 min), the mean waking time became significantly later (0552–0629 hours) and the mean bedtime became significantly earlier (from 1747 to 1603 hours). In the activity budget, resting increased significantly from 28.0 to 53.3%. Traveling and feeding decreased significantly from 23.5 to 12.7% and from 45.6 to 32.8%, respectively. The rate of brachiation during traveling and nest making decreased, whereas ground activity increased from 0 to 9%. We observed one vomiting incident and four occurrences of watery diarrhea during the 7 days before the individual died. The results of an autopsy performed by a local veterinarian suggested that the cause of death was septicemia because of Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection of the severely contaminated wounds. The morphology and distribution of the wounds suggested they had been incurred during an attack by a large animal with fangs and/or claws. This juvenile female became independent of its mother at ~4–5 years of age, slightly earlier than average. This individual might have been vulnerable to predatory attack because of her small body size (~5 kg at death) and lack of the mother’s protection.
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titleFatality of a wild Bornean orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus morio): behavior and death of a wounded juvenile in Danum Valley, North Borneo
authorKanamori, Tomoko ; Kuze, Noko ; Bernard, Henry ; Malim, Titol Peter ; Kohshima, Shiro
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atitleFatality of a wild Bornean orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus morio): behavior and death of a wounded juvenile in Danum Valley, North Borneo
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abstractReports of wild great ape fatalities have been very limited, and only two have described wild orangutan deaths. We found a wounded juvenile female Bornean orangutan on 7 October 2006 in the Danum Valley, Sabah, Malaysia, and observed the individual’s behavior for 7 days until her death on 13 October 2006. The 5–6-year-old orangutan, which we had observed since 2004, was wounded in the left brachium, back, and right hand. The individual’s behavior changed after injury; the mean nest–nest active time became significantly shorter than before injury (from 12 h 3 min to 9 h 33 min), the mean waking time became significantly later (0552–0629 hours) and the mean bedtime became significantly earlier (from 1747 to 1603 hours). In the activity budget, resting increased significantly from 28.0 to 53.3%. Traveling and feeding decreased significantly from 23.5 to 12.7% and from 45.6 to 32.8%, respectively. The rate of brachiation during traveling and nest making decreased, whereas ground activity increased from 0 to 9%. We observed one vomiting incident and four occurrences of watery diarrhea during the 7 days before the individual died. The results of an autopsy performed by a local veterinarian suggested that the cause of death was septicemia because of Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection of the severely contaminated wounds. The morphology and distribution of the wounds suggested they had been incurred during an attack by a large animal with fangs and/or claws. This juvenile female became independent of its mother at ~4–5 years of age, slightly earlier than average. This individual might have been vulnerable to predatory attack because of her small body size (~5 kg at death) and lack of the mother’s protection.
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pmid22350273
doi10.1007/s10329-012-0297-3