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Global cancer patterns: causes and prevention

Summary Cancer is a global and growing, but not uniform, problem. An increasing proportion of the burden is falling on low-income and middle-income countries because of not only demographic change but also a transition in risk factors, whereby the consequences of the globalisation of economies and b... Full description

Journal Title: LANCET 2014, Vol.383 (9916), p.549-557
Main Author: Vineis, Paolo, Prof
Other Authors: Wild, Christopher P, PhD
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Quelle: Alma/SFX Local Collection
Publisher: Kidlington: Elsevier Ltd
ID: ISSN: 0140-6736
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recordid: cdi_proquest_miscellaneous_1505337589
title: Global cancer patterns: causes and prevention
format: Article
creator:
  • Vineis, Paolo, Prof
  • Wild, Christopher P, PhD
subjects:
  • Age Distribution
  • Biological and medical sciences
  • Cancer
  • Carcinogens, Environmental - toxicity
  • Delivery of Health Care, Integrated
  • Developed Countries - statistics & numerical data
  • Developing countries
  • Developing Countries - statistics & numerical data
  • Diet - adverse effects
  • Disease prevention
  • Distribution
  • Female
  • General aspects
  • Global Health
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Infection - complications
  • Infection Control
  • Internal Medicine
  • LDCs
  • Male
  • Medical geography
  • Medical research
  • Medical sciences
  • Medicine, Experimental
  • Mortality
  • Multiple tumors. Solid tumors. Tumors in childhood (general aspects)
  • Neoplasms - etiology
  • Neoplasms - mortality
  • Neoplasms - prevention & control
  • Obesity - complications
  • Occupational Exposure - adverse effects
  • Prevention
  • Prevention and actions
  • Primary Prevention
  • Public health. Hygiene
  • Public health. Hygiene-occupational medicine
  • Risk Factors
  • Sedentary Lifestyle
  • Smoking - adverse effects
  • Tumors
ispartof: LANCET, 2014, Vol.383 (9916), p.549-557
description: Summary Cancer is a global and growing, but not uniform, problem. An increasing proportion of the burden is falling on low-income and middle-income countries because of not only demographic change but also a transition in risk factors, whereby the consequences of the globalisation of economies and behaviours are adding to an existing burden of cancers of infectious origin. We argue that primary prevention is a particularly effective way to fight cancer, with between a third and a half of cancers being preventable on the basis of present knowledge of risk factors. Primary prevention has several advantages: the effectiveness could have benefits for people other than those directly targeted, avoidance of exposure to carcinogenic agents is likely to prevent other non-communicable diseases, and the cause could be removed or reduced in the long term—eg, through regulatory measures against occupational or environmental exposures (ie, the preventive effort does not need to be renewed with every generation, which is especially important when resources are in short supply). Primary prevention must therefore be prioritised as an integral part of global cancer control.
language: eng
source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
identifier: ISSN: 0140-6736
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0140-6736
  • 1474-547X
url: Link


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descriptionSummary Cancer is a global and growing, but not uniform, problem. An increasing proportion of the burden is falling on low-income and middle-income countries because of not only demographic change but also a transition in risk factors, whereby the consequences of the globalisation of economies and behaviours are adding to an existing burden of cancers of infectious origin. We argue that primary prevention is a particularly effective way to fight cancer, with between a third and a half of cancers being preventable on the basis of present knowledge of risk factors. Primary prevention has several advantages: the effectiveness could have benefits for people other than those directly targeted, avoidance of exposure to carcinogenic agents is likely to prevent other non-communicable diseases, and the cause could be removed or reduced in the long term—eg, through regulatory measures against occupational or environmental exposures (ie, the preventive effort does not need to be renewed with every generation, which is especially important when resources are in short supply). Primary prevention must therefore be prioritised as an integral part of global cancer control.
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subjectAge Distribution ; Biological and medical sciences ; Cancer ; Carcinogens, Environmental - toxicity ; Delivery of Health Care, Integrated ; Developed Countries - statistics & numerical data ; Developing countries ; Developing Countries - statistics & numerical data ; Diet - adverse effects ; Disease prevention ; Distribution ; Female ; General aspects ; Global Health ; Humans ; Incidence ; Infection - complications ; Infection Control ; Internal Medicine ; LDCs ; Male ; Medical geography ; Medical research ; Medical sciences ; Medicine, Experimental ; Mortality ; Multiple tumors. Solid tumors. Tumors in childhood (general aspects) ; Neoplasms - etiology ; Neoplasms - mortality ; Neoplasms - prevention & control ; Obesity - complications ; Occupational Exposure - adverse effects ; Prevention ; Prevention and actions ; Primary Prevention ; Public health. Hygiene ; Public health. Hygiene-occupational medicine ; Risk Factors ; Sedentary Lifestyle ; Smoking - adverse effects ; Tumors
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abstractSummary Cancer is a global and growing, but not uniform, problem. An increasing proportion of the burden is falling on low-income and middle-income countries because of not only demographic change but also a transition in risk factors, whereby the consequences of the globalisation of economies and behaviours are adding to an existing burden of cancers of infectious origin. We argue that primary prevention is a particularly effective way to fight cancer, with between a third and a half of cancers being preventable on the basis of present knowledge of risk factors. Primary prevention has several advantages: the effectiveness could have benefits for people other than those directly targeted, avoidance of exposure to carcinogenic agents is likely to prevent other non-communicable diseases, and the cause could be removed or reduced in the long term—eg, through regulatory measures against occupational or environmental exposures (ie, the preventive effort does not need to be renewed with every generation, which is especially important when resources are in short supply). Primary prevention must therefore be prioritised as an integral part of global cancer control.
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