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Intelligence in early adulthood and subclinical atherosclerosis in middle-aged men: the Vietnam Experience Study

BackgroundPeople with higher intelligence in early life have a lower subsequent risk of coronary heart disease events, but the explanation for these observations is unclear.AimsTo examine whether intelligence in early adulthood is associated with risk of subclinical atherosclerosis in mid-life, as i... Full description

Journal Title: Journal of epidemiology and community health (1979) 2012-07, Vol.66 (7), p.e13-e13
Main Author: Gale, Catharine R
Other Authors: Deary, Ian J , Fowkes, F Gerald , Batty, G David
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Age
Quelle: Alma/SFX Local Collection
Publisher: England: BMJ Publishing Group Ltd
ID: ISSN: 0143-005X
Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21558481
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title: Intelligence in early adulthood and subclinical atherosclerosis in middle-aged men: the Vietnam Experience Study
format: Article
creator:
  • Gale, Catharine R
  • Deary, Ian J
  • Fowkes, F Gerald
  • Batty, G David
subjects:
  • Adult
  • Age
  • Ankle
  • Ankle Brachial Index
  • Aqueous solutions
  • asjc
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Atherosclerosis - diagnosis
  • Atherosclerosis - epidemiology
  • atira
  • Blood pressure
  • Body mass index
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Care and treatment
  • Child development
  • Cholesterol
  • cognitive problems
  • Confidence Intervals
  • Coronary heart disease
  • Diagnosis
  • Disease control
  • Environmental
  • Epidemiology
  • Glucose
  • Health aspects
  • Humans
  • Intelligence
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Mens health
  • Metabolism
  • Middle age
  • Middle aged men
  • Military personnel
  • Mortality
  • Occupational Health
  • Physiology
  • Public Health
  • pure
  • Regression Analysis
  • Risk Assessment
  • Risk factors
  • Studies
  • subjectarea
  • Triglycerides
  • United States - epidemiology
  • Veterans
  • Vietnam
  • Young Adult
ispartof: Journal of epidemiology and community health (1979), 2012-07, Vol.66 (7), p.e13-e13
description: BackgroundPeople with higher intelligence in early life have a lower subsequent risk of coronary heart disease events, but the explanation for these observations is unclear.AimsTo examine whether intelligence in early adulthood is associated with risk of subclinical atherosclerosis in mid-life, as indicated by the ankle brachial index (ABI), and investigate its potential mediating role in the association between intelligence and mortality.MethodsParticipants were 4286 male US veterans whose intelligence was measured on enlistment into military service at a mean age of 20.4 years and whose ABI was measured by Doppler as part of a detailed medical examination at a mean age of 38.3 years.ResultsHigher intelligence in early adulthood was associated with a higher ABI in mid-life. For an SD increase in intelligence, after adjusting for age, ABI (×10) rose by 0.05 (0.02, 0.07), and the OR (95% CI) for having a low ABI (≤0.90) was 0.84 (0.72 to 0.98). Further adjustment for smoking, serum cholesterol, triglycerides and glucose concentrations, blood pressure, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, body mass index, alcohol intake, education and measures of socioeconomic position had little or no attenuating effect on these associations. Lower ABI was associated with increased mortality from all causes and cardiovascular disease but it did not account for the associations between IQ and mortality from these causes.ConclusionsMen of lower intelligence may be more susceptible to atherogenesis, though this mechanism does not appear to explain their increased risk of earlier death.
language: eng
source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
identifier: ISSN: 0143-005X
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0143-005X
  • 1470-2738
url: Link


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creatorcontribGale, Catharine R ; Deary, Ian J ; Fowkes, F Gerald ; Batty, G David
descriptionBackgroundPeople with higher intelligence in early life have a lower subsequent risk of coronary heart disease events, but the explanation for these observations is unclear.AimsTo examine whether intelligence in early adulthood is associated with risk of subclinical atherosclerosis in mid-life, as indicated by the ankle brachial index (ABI), and investigate its potential mediating role in the association between intelligence and mortality.MethodsParticipants were 4286 male US veterans whose intelligence was measured on enlistment into military service at a mean age of 20.4 years and whose ABI was measured by Doppler as part of a detailed medical examination at a mean age of 38.3 years.ResultsHigher intelligence in early adulthood was associated with a higher ABI in mid-life. For an SD increase in intelligence, after adjusting for age, ABI (×10) rose by 0.05 (0.02, 0.07), and the OR (95% CI) for having a low ABI (≤0.90) was 0.84 (0.72 to 0.98). Further adjustment for smoking, serum cholesterol, triglycerides and glucose concentrations, blood pressure, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, body mass index, alcohol intake, education and measures of socioeconomic position had little or no attenuating effect on these associations. Lower ABI was associated with increased mortality from all causes and cardiovascular disease but it did not account for the associations between IQ and mortality from these causes.ConclusionsMen of lower intelligence may be more susceptible to atherogenesis, though this mechanism does not appear to explain their increased risk of earlier death.
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subjectAdult ; Age ; Ankle ; Ankle Brachial Index ; Aqueous solutions ; asjc ; Atherosclerosis ; Atherosclerosis - diagnosis ; Atherosclerosis - epidemiology ; atira ; Blood pressure ; Body mass index ; Cardiovascular disease ; Care and treatment ; Child development ; Cholesterol ; cognitive problems ; Confidence Intervals ; Coronary heart disease ; Diagnosis ; Disease control ; Environmental ; Epidemiology ; Glucose ; Health aspects ; Humans ; Intelligence ; Longitudinal Studies ; Male ; Mens health ; Metabolism ; Middle age ; Middle aged men ; Military personnel ; Mortality ; Occupational Health ; Physiology ; Public Health ; pure ; Regression Analysis ; Risk Assessment ; Risk factors ; Studies ; subjectarea ; Triglycerides ; United States - epidemiology ; Veterans ; Vietnam ; Young Adult
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descriptionBackgroundPeople with higher intelligence in early life have a lower subsequent risk of coronary heart disease events, but the explanation for these observations is unclear.AimsTo examine whether intelligence in early adulthood is associated with risk of subclinical atherosclerosis in mid-life, as indicated by the ankle brachial index (ABI), and investigate its potential mediating role in the association between intelligence and mortality.MethodsParticipants were 4286 male US veterans whose intelligence was measured on enlistment into military service at a mean age of 20.4 years and whose ABI was measured by Doppler as part of a detailed medical examination at a mean age of 38.3 years.ResultsHigher intelligence in early adulthood was associated with a higher ABI in mid-life. For an SD increase in intelligence, after adjusting for age, ABI (×10) rose by 0.05 (0.02, 0.07), and the OR (95% CI) for having a low ABI (≤0.90) was 0.84 (0.72 to 0.98). Further adjustment for smoking, serum cholesterol, triglycerides and glucose concentrations, blood pressure, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, body mass index, alcohol intake, education and measures of socioeconomic position had little or no attenuating effect on these associations. Lower ABI was associated with increased mortality from all causes and cardiovascular disease but it did not account for the associations between IQ and mortality from these causes.ConclusionsMen of lower intelligence may be more susceptible to atherogenesis, though this mechanism does not appear to explain their increased risk of earlier death.
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abstractBackgroundPeople with higher intelligence in early life have a lower subsequent risk of coronary heart disease events, but the explanation for these observations is unclear.AimsTo examine whether intelligence in early adulthood is associated with risk of subclinical atherosclerosis in mid-life, as indicated by the ankle brachial index (ABI), and investigate its potential mediating role in the association between intelligence and mortality.MethodsParticipants were 4286 male US veterans whose intelligence was measured on enlistment into military service at a mean age of 20.4 years and whose ABI was measured by Doppler as part of a detailed medical examination at a mean age of 38.3 years.ResultsHigher intelligence in early adulthood was associated with a higher ABI in mid-life. For an SD increase in intelligence, after adjusting for age, ABI (×10) rose by 0.05 (0.02, 0.07), and the OR (95% CI) for having a low ABI (≤0.90) was 0.84 (0.72 to 0.98). Further adjustment for smoking, serum cholesterol, triglycerides and glucose concentrations, blood pressure, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, body mass index, alcohol intake, education and measures of socioeconomic position had little or no attenuating effect on these associations. Lower ABI was associated with increased mortality from all causes and cardiovascular disease but it did not account for the associations between IQ and mortality from these causes.ConclusionsMen of lower intelligence may be more susceptible to atherogenesis, though this mechanism does not appear to explain their increased risk of earlier death.
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