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Fine-Scale Habitat Use by Orang-Utans in a Disturbed Peat Swamp Forest, Central Kalimantan, and Implications for Conservation Management

This study was conducted to see how orang-utans (Pongo pygmaeus wurmbii) were coping with fine-scale habitat disturbance in a selectively logged peat swamp forest in Central Kalimantan, Borneo. Seven habitat classes were defined, and orang-utans were found to use all of these, but were selective in... Full description

Journal Title: Folia primatologica 2014-08, Vol.85 (3), p.135-153
Main Author: Morrogh-Bernard, Helen C
Other Authors: Husson, Simon J , Harsanto, Fransiskus A , Chivers, David J
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Quelle: Alma/SFX Local Collection
Publisher: Basel, Switzerland: Karger
ID: ISSN: 0015-5713
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recordid: cdi_proquest_miscellaneous_1558522349
title: Fine-Scale Habitat Use by Orang-Utans in a Disturbed Peat Swamp Forest, Central Kalimantan, and Implications for Conservation Management
format: Article
creator:
  • Morrogh-Bernard, Helen C
  • Husson, Simon J
  • Harsanto, Fransiskus A
  • Chivers, David J
subjects:
  • Animal, plant and microbial ecology
  • Animals
  • Applied ecology
  • Biological and medical sciences
  • Borneo
  • Conservation of Natural Resources
  • Conservation, protection and management of environment and wildlife
  • Ecosystem
  • Female
  • Forestry
  • Forests
  • Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology
  • General aspects
  • General forest ecology
  • Generalities. Production, biomass. Quality of wood and forest products. General forest ecology
  • Indonesia
  • Male
  • Mammalia
  • Original Article
  • Pongo pygmaeus - physiology
  • Vertebrates: general zoology, morphology, phylogeny, systematics, cytogenetics, geographical distribution
  • Wetlands
ispartof: Folia primatologica, 2014-08, Vol.85 (3), p.135-153
description: This study was conducted to see how orang-utans (Pongo pygmaeus wurmbii) were coping with fine-scale habitat disturbance in a selectively logged peat swamp forest in Central Kalimantan, Borneo. Seven habitat classes were defined, and orang-utans were found to use all of these, but were selective in their preference for certain classes over others. Overall, the tall forest classes (≥20 m) were preferred. They were preferred for feeding, irrespective of canopy connectivity, whereas classes with a connected canopy (canopy cover ≥75%), irrespective of canopy height, were preferred for resting and nesting, suggesting that tall trees are preferred for feeding and connected canopy for security and protection. The smaller forest classes (≤10 m high) were least preferred and were used mainly for travelling from patch to patch. Thus, selective logging is demonstrated here to be compatible with orang-utan survival as long as large food trees and patches of primary forest remain. Logged forest, therefore, should not automatically be designated as ‘degraded'. These findings have important implications for forest management, forest classification and the designation of protected areas for orang-utan conservation.
language: eng
source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
identifier: ISSN: 0015-5713
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0015-5713
  • 1421-9980
url: Link


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descriptionThis study was conducted to see how orang-utans (Pongo pygmaeus wurmbii) were coping with fine-scale habitat disturbance in a selectively logged peat swamp forest in Central Kalimantan, Borneo. Seven habitat classes were defined, and orang-utans were found to use all of these, but were selective in their preference for certain classes over others. Overall, the tall forest classes (≥20 m) were preferred. They were preferred for feeding, irrespective of canopy connectivity, whereas classes with a connected canopy (canopy cover ≥75%), irrespective of canopy height, were preferred for resting and nesting, suggesting that tall trees are preferred for feeding and connected canopy for security and protection. The smaller forest classes (≤10 m high) were least preferred and were used mainly for travelling from patch to patch. Thus, selective logging is demonstrated here to be compatible with orang-utan survival as long as large food trees and patches of primary forest remain. Logged forest, therefore, should not automatically be designated as ‘degraded'. These findings have important implications for forest management, forest classification and the designation of protected areas for orang-utan conservation.
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subjectAnimal, plant and microbial ecology ; Animals ; Applied ecology ; Biological and medical sciences ; Borneo ; Conservation of Natural Resources ; Conservation, protection and management of environment and wildlife ; Ecosystem ; Female ; Forestry ; Forests ; Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology ; General aspects ; General forest ecology ; Generalities. Production, biomass. Quality of wood and forest products. General forest ecology ; Indonesia ; Male ; Mammalia ; Original Article ; Pongo pygmaeus - physiology ; Vertebrates: general zoology, morphology, phylogeny, systematics, cytogenetics, geographical distribution ; Wetlands
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abstractThis study was conducted to see how orang-utans (Pongo pygmaeus wurmbii) were coping with fine-scale habitat disturbance in a selectively logged peat swamp forest in Central Kalimantan, Borneo. Seven habitat classes were defined, and orang-utans were found to use all of these, but were selective in their preference for certain classes over others. Overall, the tall forest classes (≥20 m) were preferred. They were preferred for feeding, irrespective of canopy connectivity, whereas classes with a connected canopy (canopy cover ≥75%), irrespective of canopy height, were preferred for resting and nesting, suggesting that tall trees are preferred for feeding and connected canopy for security and protection. The smaller forest classes (≤10 m high) were least preferred and were used mainly for travelling from patch to patch. Thus, selective logging is demonstrated here to be compatible with orang-utan survival as long as large food trees and patches of primary forest remain. Logged forest, therefore, should not automatically be designated as ‘degraded'. These findings have important implications for forest management, forest classification and the designation of protected areas for orang-utan conservation.
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