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A Nationwide Study of Chronic Pain Prevalence in the General Spanish Population: Identifying Clinical Subgroups Through Cluster Analysis

Objective This study aims to assess the prevalence of chronic pain, its characteristics, and its impact on the general Spanish population. Also, to establish chronic pain patient subgroups according to the characteristics of pain and to identify variables specifically associated with each subgroup.... Full description

Journal Title: Pain medicine (Malden Mass.), 2015, Vol.16 (4), p.811-822
Main Author: Dueñas, María
Other Authors: Salazar, Alejandro , Ojeda, Begoña , Fernández‐Palacín, Fernando , Micó, Juan Antonio , Torres, Luis Miguel , Failde, Inmaculada
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: England: Oxford University Press
ID: ISSN: 1526-2375
Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25530229
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recordid: cdi_proquest_miscellaneous_1671220760
title: A Nationwide Study of Chronic Pain Prevalence in the General Spanish Population: Identifying Clinical Subgroups Through Cluster Analysis
format: Article
creator:
  • Dueñas, María
  • Salazar, Alejandro
  • Ojeda, Begoña
  • Fernández‐Palacín, Fernando
  • Micó, Juan Antonio
  • Torres, Luis Miguel
  • Failde, Inmaculada
subjects:
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Chronic Pain
  • Chronic Pain - epidemiology
  • Chronic Pain - psychology
  • Cluster Analysis
  • Clusters
  • Confidence intervals
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Cross‐Sectional Study
  • Female
  • General Population
  • Humans
  • Interviews as Topic
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pain management
  • Population
  • Prevalence
  • Prevalence studies (Epidemiology)
  • Spain - epidemiology
  • Young Adult
ispartof: Pain medicine (Malden, Mass.), 2015, Vol.16 (4), p.811-822
description: Objective This study aims to assess the prevalence of chronic pain, its characteristics, and its impact on the general Spanish population. Also, to establish chronic pain patient subgroups according to the characteristics of pain and to identify variables specifically associated with each subgroup. Design Telephone‐based, cross‐sectional nationwide study. Subjects A sample of 1,957 individuals representative of the Spanish population. Methods Data were collected through telephone interviews. A subject was considered to have chronic pain if they had suffered pain (at least 4 days a week) during the last 3 months. The subjects were divided into two subgroups through a cluster analysis, and a regression model was established to determine the variables most specifically associated with these subgroups. Results The prevalence of chronic pain was 16.6% (95% confidence interval: 14.9–18.3) and among these subjects, more than 50% referred to limitations in their daily activities, 30% felt sad and/or anxious, and 47.2% indicated that their pain was affecting their family life. Two subgroups of subjects with pain were identified: 1) characterized by generalized pain in more than one location and of a long evolution (150 months); and 2) characterized by pain localized to only one site with a shorter duration (100 months). Individuals who felt anxious because of their pain and those who considered that their pain was affecting their family were more likely to belong to group 1. Conclusions Pain affects an important proportion of the Spanish adult population and that it has a strong personal impact. Two pain groups were clearly distinguished by their clinical characteristics.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 1526-2375
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 1526-2375
  • 1526-4637
url: Link


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descriptionObjective This study aims to assess the prevalence of chronic pain, its characteristics, and its impact on the general Spanish population. Also, to establish chronic pain patient subgroups according to the characteristics of pain and to identify variables specifically associated with each subgroup. Design Telephone‐based, cross‐sectional nationwide study. Subjects A sample of 1,957 individuals representative of the Spanish population. Methods Data were collected through telephone interviews. A subject was considered to have chronic pain if they had suffered pain (at least 4 days a week) during the last 3 months. The subjects were divided into two subgroups through a cluster analysis, and a regression model was established to determine the variables most specifically associated with these subgroups. Results The prevalence of chronic pain was 16.6% (95% confidence interval: 14.9–18.3) and among these subjects, more than 50% referred to limitations in their daily activities, 30% felt sad and/or anxious, and 47.2% indicated that their pain was affecting their family life. Two subgroups of subjects with pain were identified: 1) characterized by generalized pain in more than one location and of a long evolution (150 months); and 2) characterized by pain localized to only one site with a shorter duration (100 months). Individuals who felt anxious because of their pain and those who considered that their pain was affecting their family were more likely to belong to group 1. Conclusions Pain affects an important proportion of the Spanish adult population and that it has a strong personal impact. Two pain groups were clearly distinguished by their clinical characteristics.
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subjectAdolescent ; Adult ; Aged ; Chronic Pain ; Chronic Pain - epidemiology ; Chronic Pain - psychology ; Cluster Analysis ; Clusters ; Confidence intervals ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Cross‐Sectional Study ; Female ; General Population ; Humans ; Interviews as Topic ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Pain management ; Population ; Prevalence ; Prevalence studies (Epidemiology) ; Spain - epidemiology ; Young Adult
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abstractObjective This study aims to assess the prevalence of chronic pain, its characteristics, and its impact on the general Spanish population. Also, to establish chronic pain patient subgroups according to the characteristics of pain and to identify variables specifically associated with each subgroup. Design Telephone‐based, cross‐sectional nationwide study. Subjects A sample of 1,957 individuals representative of the Spanish population. Methods Data were collected through telephone interviews. A subject was considered to have chronic pain if they had suffered pain (at least 4 days a week) during the last 3 months. The subjects were divided into two subgroups through a cluster analysis, and a regression model was established to determine the variables most specifically associated with these subgroups. Results The prevalence of chronic pain was 16.6% (95% confidence interval: 14.9–18.3) and among these subjects, more than 50% referred to limitations in their daily activities, 30% felt sad and/or anxious, and 47.2% indicated that their pain was affecting their family life. Two subgroups of subjects with pain were identified: 1) characterized by generalized pain in more than one location and of a long evolution (150 months); and 2) characterized by pain localized to only one site with a shorter duration (100 months). Individuals who felt anxious because of their pain and those who considered that their pain was affecting their family were more likely to belong to group 1. Conclusions Pain affects an important proportion of the Spanish adult population and that it has a strong personal impact. Two pain groups were clearly distinguished by their clinical characteristics.
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