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Statistical review of US macronutrient consumption data, 1965–2011: Americans have been following dietary guidelines, coincident with the rise in obesity

Abstract Background For almost 50 y, the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) has measured the caloric consumption, and body heights and weights of Americans. The aim of this study was to determine, based on that data, how macronutrient consumption patterns and the weight and... Full description

Journal Title: Nutrition (Burbank Los Angeles County, Calif.), 2015, Vol.31 (5), p.727-732
Main Author: Cohen, Evan, M.B.A
Other Authors: Cragg, Michael, Ph.D , deFonseka, Jehan, M.B.A , Hite, Adele, M.P.H., R.D , Rosenberg, Melanie, B.S , Zhou, Bin, Ph.D
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
BMI
Quelle: Alma/SFX Local Collection
Publisher: United States: Elsevier Inc
ID: ISSN: 0899-9007
Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25837220
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title: Statistical review of US macronutrient consumption data, 1965–2011: Americans have been following dietary guidelines, coincident with the rise in obesity
format: Article
creator:
  • Cohen, Evan, M.B.A
  • Cragg, Michael, Ph.D
  • deFonseka, Jehan, M.B.A
  • Hite, Adele, M.P.H., R.D
  • Rosenberg, Melanie, B.S
  • Zhou, Bin, Ph.D
subjects:
  • Adult
  • Americans
  • BMI
  • Body Mass Index
  • Body Weight
  • Carbohydrate share
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Congressional committees
  • Consumption
  • Consumption (Economics)
  • Diabetes
  • Dietary Carbohydrates - administration & dosage
  • Dietary Carbohydrates - standards
  • Dietary Fats - administration & dosage
  • Dietary Fats - standards
  • Energy Intake
  • Fat share
  • Female
  • Gastroenterology and Hepatology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mens health
  • Middle Aged
  • NHANES
  • Nutrition
  • Nutrition Policy
  • Nutrition research
  • Nutrition Surveys - statistics & numerical data
  • Obesity
  • Obesity - epidemiology
  • Obesity - etiology
  • Oils & fats
  • Overweight - epidemiology
  • Overweight - etiology
  • Requirements
  • Research methodology
  • Studies
  • United States - epidemiology
  • USDA dietary guidelines
  • Weight control
  • Womens health
  • Young Adult
ispartof: Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.), 2015, Vol.31 (5), p.727-732
description: Abstract Background For almost 50 y, the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) has measured the caloric consumption, and body heights and weights of Americans. The aim of this study was to determine, based on that data, how macronutrient consumption patterns and the weight and body mass index in the US adult population have evolved since the 1960s. Methods We conducted the first comprehensive analysis of the NHANES data, documenting how macronutrient consumption patterns and the weight and body mass index in the US adult population have evolved since the 1960s. Results Americans in general have been following the nutrition advice that the American Heart Association and the US Departments of Agriculture and Health and Human Services have been issuing for more than 40 y: Consumption of fats has dropped from 45% to 34% with a corresponding increase in carbohydrate consumption from 39% to 51% of total caloric intake. In addition, from 1971 to 2011, average weight and body mass index have increased dramatically, with the percentage of overweight or obese Americans increasing from 42% in 1971 to 66% in 2011. Conclusions Since 1971, the shift in macronutrient share from fat to carbohydrate is primarily due to an increase in absolute consumption of carbohydrate as opposed to a change in total fat consumption. General adherence to recommendations to reduce fat consumption has coincided with a substantial increase in obesity.
language: eng
source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
identifier: ISSN: 0899-9007
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0899-9007
  • 1873-1244
url: Link


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titleStatistical review of US macronutrient consumption data, 1965–2011: Americans have been following dietary guidelines, coincident with the rise in obesity
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creatorCohen, Evan, M.B.A ; Cragg, Michael, Ph.D ; deFonseka, Jehan, M.B.A ; Hite, Adele, M.P.H., R.D ; Rosenberg, Melanie, B.S ; Zhou, Bin, Ph.D
creatorcontribCohen, Evan, M.B.A ; Cragg, Michael, Ph.D ; deFonseka, Jehan, M.B.A ; Hite, Adele, M.P.H., R.D ; Rosenberg, Melanie, B.S ; Zhou, Bin, Ph.D
descriptionAbstract Background For almost 50 y, the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) has measured the caloric consumption, and body heights and weights of Americans. The aim of this study was to determine, based on that data, how macronutrient consumption patterns and the weight and body mass index in the US adult population have evolved since the 1960s. Methods We conducted the first comprehensive analysis of the NHANES data, documenting how macronutrient consumption patterns and the weight and body mass index in the US adult population have evolved since the 1960s. Results Americans in general have been following the nutrition advice that the American Heart Association and the US Departments of Agriculture and Health and Human Services have been issuing for more than 40 y: Consumption of fats has dropped from 45% to 34% with a corresponding increase in carbohydrate consumption from 39% to 51% of total caloric intake. In addition, from 1971 to 2011, average weight and body mass index have increased dramatically, with the percentage of overweight or obese Americans increasing from 42% in 1971 to 66% in 2011. Conclusions Since 1971, the shift in macronutrient share from fat to carbohydrate is primarily due to an increase in absolute consumption of carbohydrate as opposed to a change in total fat consumption. General adherence to recommendations to reduce fat consumption has coincided with a substantial increase in obesity.
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subjectAdult ; Americans ; BMI ; Body Mass Index ; Body Weight ; Carbohydrate share ; Cardiovascular disease ; Congressional committees ; Consumption ; Consumption (Economics) ; Diabetes ; Dietary Carbohydrates - administration & dosage ; Dietary Carbohydrates - standards ; Dietary Fats - administration & dosage ; Dietary Fats - standards ; Energy Intake ; Fat share ; Female ; Gastroenterology and Hepatology ; Humans ; Male ; Mens health ; Middle Aged ; NHANES ; Nutrition ; Nutrition Policy ; Nutrition research ; Nutrition Surveys - statistics & numerical data ; Obesity ; Obesity - epidemiology ; Obesity - etiology ; Oils & fats ; Overweight - epidemiology ; Overweight - etiology ; Requirements ; Research methodology ; Studies ; United States - epidemiology ; USDA dietary guidelines ; Weight control ; Womens health ; Young Adult
ispartofNutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.), 2015, Vol.31 (5), p.727-732
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descriptionAbstract Background For almost 50 y, the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) has measured the caloric consumption, and body heights and weights of Americans. The aim of this study was to determine, based on that data, how macronutrient consumption patterns and the weight and body mass index in the US adult population have evolved since the 1960s. Methods We conducted the first comprehensive analysis of the NHANES data, documenting how macronutrient consumption patterns and the weight and body mass index in the US adult population have evolved since the 1960s. Results Americans in general have been following the nutrition advice that the American Heart Association and the US Departments of Agriculture and Health and Human Services have been issuing for more than 40 y: Consumption of fats has dropped from 45% to 34% with a corresponding increase in carbohydrate consumption from 39% to 51% of total caloric intake. In addition, from 1971 to 2011, average weight and body mass index have increased dramatically, with the percentage of overweight or obese Americans increasing from 42% in 1971 to 66% in 2011. Conclusions Since 1971, the shift in macronutrient share from fat to carbohydrate is primarily due to an increase in absolute consumption of carbohydrate as opposed to a change in total fat consumption. General adherence to recommendations to reduce fat consumption has coincided with a substantial increase in obesity.
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titleStatistical review of US macronutrient consumption data, 1965–2011: Americans have been following dietary guidelines, coincident with the rise in obesity
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atitleStatistical review of US macronutrient consumption data, 1965–2011: Americans have been following dietary guidelines, coincident with the rise in obesity
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issn0899-9007
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abstractAbstract Background For almost 50 y, the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) has measured the caloric consumption, and body heights and weights of Americans. The aim of this study was to determine, based on that data, how macronutrient consumption patterns and the weight and body mass index in the US adult population have evolved since the 1960s. Methods We conducted the first comprehensive analysis of the NHANES data, documenting how macronutrient consumption patterns and the weight and body mass index in the US adult population have evolved since the 1960s. Results Americans in general have been following the nutrition advice that the American Heart Association and the US Departments of Agriculture and Health and Human Services have been issuing for more than 40 y: Consumption of fats has dropped from 45% to 34% with a corresponding increase in carbohydrate consumption from 39% to 51% of total caloric intake. In addition, from 1971 to 2011, average weight and body mass index have increased dramatically, with the percentage of overweight or obese Americans increasing from 42% in 1971 to 66% in 2011. Conclusions Since 1971, the shift in macronutrient share from fat to carbohydrate is primarily due to an increase in absolute consumption of carbohydrate as opposed to a change in total fat consumption. General adherence to recommendations to reduce fat consumption has coincided with a substantial increase in obesity.
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pmid25837220
doi10.1016/j.nut.2015.02.007