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Cultural and Institutional Factors Shaping Mothers' Employment and Working Hours in Postindustrial Countries

Existing research shows that women's employment patterns are not driven so much by gender as by motherhood, with childless people and fathers employed at substantially higher levels than mothers in most countries. We focus on the cross-national variation in the gap in employment participation and wo... Full description

Journal Title: Social forces 2015-06-01, Vol.93 (4), p.1301-1333
Main Author: Boeckmann, Irene
Other Authors: Misra, Joya , Budig, Michelle J
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Sex
Quelle: Alma/SFX Local Collection
Publisher: Oxford: Oxford University Press
ID: ISSN: 0037-7732
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title: Cultural and Institutional Factors Shaping Mothers' Employment and Working Hours in Postindustrial Countries
format: Article
creator:
  • Boeckmann, Irene
  • Misra, Joya
  • Budig, Michelle J
subjects:
  • Analysis
  • Child care
  • Child care services
  • Childlessness
  • Children
  • Compensation and benefits
  • Cultural differences
  • Cultural factors
  • Culture
  • Developed countries
  • Employment
  • Employment discrimination
  • Fathers
  • Females
  • Hours of labor
  • Hours of labour
  • Labor time
  • Maternity & paternity leaves
  • Mothers
  • Parents
  • Participation
  • Sandberg, Sheryl
  • Services
  • Sex
  • Sociocultural Factors
  • Women
  • WORK AND STRATIFICATION
  • Work hours
  • Working Hours
  • Working Mothers
  • Working Women
ispartof: Social forces, 2015-06-01, Vol.93 (4), p.1301-1333
description: Existing research shows that women's employment patterns are not driven so much by gender as by motherhood, with childless people and fathers employed at substantially higher levels than mothers in most countries. We focus on the cross-national variation in the gap in employment participation and working hours between mothers and childless women. Controlling for individual- and household-level factors, we provide evidence that institutional and cultural contexts shape maternal employment. Well-paid leaves, publicly supported childcare services for very young children, and cultural support for maternal employment predict smaller differences in employment participation and working hours between mothers and childless women. Yet, extended leave, notably when unpaid, is associated with larger motherhood employment gaps.
language: eng
source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
identifier: ISSN: 0037-7732
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0037-7732
  • 1534-7605
url: Link


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descriptionExisting research shows that women's employment patterns are not driven so much by gender as by motherhood, with childless people and fathers employed at substantially higher levels than mothers in most countries. We focus on the cross-national variation in the gap in employment participation and working hours between mothers and childless women. Controlling for individual- and household-level factors, we provide evidence that institutional and cultural contexts shape maternal employment. Well-paid leaves, publicly supported childcare services for very young children, and cultural support for maternal employment predict smaller differences in employment participation and working hours between mothers and childless women. Yet, extended leave, notably when unpaid, is associated with larger motherhood employment gaps.
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subjectAnalysis ; Child care ; Child care services ; Childlessness ; Children ; Compensation and benefits ; Cultural differences ; Cultural factors ; Culture ; Developed countries ; Employment ; Employment discrimination ; Fathers ; Females ; Hours of labor ; Hours of labour ; Labor time ; Maternity & paternity leaves ; Mothers ; Parents ; Participation ; Sandberg, Sheryl ; Services ; Sex ; Sociocultural Factors ; Women ; WORK AND STRATIFICATION ; Work hours ; Working Hours ; Working Mothers ; Working Women
ispartofSocial forces, 2015-06-01, Vol.93 (4), p.1301-1333
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0Copyright © 2013 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
1The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com. 2014
2Copyright © The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
3Copyright Oxford University Press, UK Jun 2015
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abstractExisting research shows that women's employment patterns are not driven so much by gender as by motherhood, with childless people and fathers employed at substantially higher levels than mothers in most countries. We focus on the cross-national variation in the gap in employment participation and working hours between mothers and childless women. Controlling for individual- and household-level factors, we provide evidence that institutional and cultural contexts shape maternal employment. Well-paid leaves, publicly supported childcare services for very young children, and cultural support for maternal employment predict smaller differences in employment participation and working hours between mothers and childless women. Yet, extended leave, notably when unpaid, is associated with larger motherhood employment gaps.
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