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White Fringetree as a Novel Larval Host for Emerald Ash Borer

Emerald ash borer is an invasive Asian pest of ash species in North America. All North American species of ash tested so far are susceptible to it, but there are no published reports of this insect developing fully in non-ash hosts in the field in North America. I report here evidence that emerald a... Full description

Journal Title: Journal of economic entomology 2015-02, Vol.108 (1), p.370-375
Main Author: Cipollini, Don
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: England: Entomological Society of America
ID: ISSN: 0022-0493
Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26470141
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title: White Fringetree as a Novel Larval Host for Emerald Ash Borer
format: Article
creator:
  • Cipollini, Don
subjects:
  • Agrilus planipennis
  • Animals
  • Bark
  • Beryl
  • Buprestidae
  • Chionanthus virginicus
  • Coleoptera - physiology
  • Dieback
  • emerald ash borer
  • Herbivores
  • host range
  • Host Specificity
  • Indigenous species
  • Insects
  • Introduced Species
  • Invasive species
  • Larva - physiology
  • Larvae
  • Male
  • Oleaceae
  • Oleaceae - parasitology
  • Ornamental plants
  • RAPID COMMUNICATION
  • white fringetree
ispartof: Journal of economic entomology, 2015-02, Vol.108 (1), p.370-375
description: Emerald ash borer is an invasive Asian pest of ash species in North America. All North American species of ash tested so far are susceptible to it, but there are no published reports of this insect developing fully in non-ash hosts in the field in North America. I report here evidence that emerald ash borer can attack and complete development in white fringetree, Chionanthus virginicus L., a species native to the southeastern United States that is also planted ornamentally. Four of 20 mature ornamental white fringetrees examined in the Dayton, Ohio area showed external symptoms of emerald ash borer attack, including the presence of adult exit holes, canopy dieback, and bark splitting and other deformities. Removal of bark from one of these trees yielded evidence of at least three generations of usage by emerald ash borer larvae, several actively feeding live larvae, and a dead adult confirmed as emerald ash borer.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0022-0493
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0022-0493
  • 1938-291X
url: Link


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descriptionEmerald ash borer is an invasive Asian pest of ash species in North America. All North American species of ash tested so far are susceptible to it, but there are no published reports of this insect developing fully in non-ash hosts in the field in North America. I report here evidence that emerald ash borer can attack and complete development in white fringetree, Chionanthus virginicus L., a species native to the southeastern United States that is also planted ornamentally. Four of 20 mature ornamental white fringetrees examined in the Dayton, Ohio area showed external symptoms of emerald ash borer attack, including the presence of adult exit holes, canopy dieback, and bark splitting and other deformities. Removal of bark from one of these trees yielded evidence of at least three generations of usage by emerald ash borer larvae, several actively feeding live larvae, and a dead adult confirmed as emerald ash borer.
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subjectAgrilus planipennis ; Animals ; Bark ; Beryl ; Buprestidae ; Chionanthus virginicus ; Coleoptera - physiology ; Dieback ; emerald ash borer ; Herbivores ; host range ; Host Specificity ; Indigenous species ; Insects ; Introduced Species ; Invasive species ; Larva - physiology ; Larvae ; Male ; Oleaceae ; Oleaceae - parasitology ; Ornamental plants ; RAPID COMMUNICATION ; white fringetree
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0The Authors 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com journals.permissions@oup.com
1The Authors 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com 2015
2The Authors 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.
3The Authors 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com
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abstractEmerald ash borer is an invasive Asian pest of ash species in North America. All North American species of ash tested so far are susceptible to it, but there are no published reports of this insect developing fully in non-ash hosts in the field in North America. I report here evidence that emerald ash borer can attack and complete development in white fringetree, Chionanthus virginicus L., a species native to the southeastern United States that is also planted ornamentally. Four of 20 mature ornamental white fringetrees examined in the Dayton, Ohio area showed external symptoms of emerald ash borer attack, including the presence of adult exit holes, canopy dieback, and bark splitting and other deformities. Removal of bark from one of these trees yielded evidence of at least three generations of usage by emerald ash borer larvae, several actively feeding live larvae, and a dead adult confirmed as emerald ash borer.
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