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Trends in Income Insecurity Among U.S. Children, 1984–2010

Has income insecurity increased among U.S. children with the emergence of an employment-based safety net and the polarization of labor markets and family structure? We study the trend in insecurity from 1984–2010 by analyzing fluctuations in children's monthly family incomes in the Survey of Income... Full description

Journal Title: Demography 2016-04-01, Vol.53 (2), p.419-447
Main Author: Western, Bruce
Other Authors: Bloome, Deirdre , Sosnaud, Benjamin , Tach, Laura M
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: New York: Population Association of America (Springer)
ID: ISSN: 0070-3370
Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26942945
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recordid: cdi_proquest_miscellaneous_1777978484
title: Trends in Income Insecurity Among U.S. Children, 1984–2010
format: Article
creator:
  • Western, Bruce
  • Bloome, Deirdre
  • Sosnaud, Benjamin
  • Tach, Laura M
subjects:
  • Article
  • Child
  • Child Welfare - economics
  • Child Welfare - trends
  • Children
  • Children & youth
  • Demography
  • Economic trends
  • Employment
  • Employment - economics
  • Employment - trends
  • EMPLOYMENT AND INCOME
  • Families & family life
  • Family Characteristics
  • Family income
  • Family structure
  • general
  • Geography
  • Households
  • Humans
  • Income
  • Income distribution
  • Income inequality
  • Labor market
  • Labor markets
  • Low income
  • Low income families
  • Low income groups
  • Markets
  • Medicine/Public Health
  • Occupational safety
  • Parents
  • Parents & parenting
  • Participation
  • Personal income
  • Polarization
  • Population Economics
  • Poverty
  • Poverty - trends
  • Regression analysis
  • Safety
  • Single parent family
  • Social Sciences
  • Sociology
  • Transportation safety
  • Trends
  • Unemployment
  • United States
  • Variation
  • Volatility
ispartof: Demography, 2016-04-01, Vol.53 (2), p.419-447
description: Has income insecurity increased among U.S. children with the emergence of an employment-based safety net and the polarization of labor markets and family structure? We study the trend in insecurity from 1984–2010 by analyzing fluctuations in children's monthly family incomes in the Survey of Income and Program Participation. Going beyond earlier research on income volatility, we examine income insecurity more directly by analyzing income gains and losses separately and by relating them to changes in family composition and employment. The analysis provides new evidence of increased income insecurity by showing that large income losses increased more than large income gains for low-income children. Nearly one-half the increase in extreme income losses is related to trends in single parenthood and parental employment. Large income losses proliferated with the increased incidence of very low incomes (less than $150 per month). Extreme income losses and very low monthly incomes became more common particularly for U.S. children of nonworking single parents from the mid-1990s.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0070-3370
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0070-3370
  • 1533-7790
url: Link


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descriptionHas income insecurity increased among U.S. children with the emergence of an employment-based safety net and the polarization of labor markets and family structure? We study the trend in insecurity from 1984–2010 by analyzing fluctuations in children's monthly family incomes in the Survey of Income and Program Participation. Going beyond earlier research on income volatility, we examine income insecurity more directly by analyzing income gains and losses separately and by relating them to changes in family composition and employment. The analysis provides new evidence of increased income insecurity by showing that large income losses increased more than large income gains for low-income children. Nearly one-half the increase in extreme income losses is related to trends in single parenthood and parental employment. Large income losses proliferated with the increased incidence of very low incomes (less than $150 per month). Extreme income losses and very low monthly incomes became more common particularly for U.S. children of nonworking single parents from the mid-1990s.
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subjectArticle ; Child ; Child Welfare - economics ; Child Welfare - trends ; Children ; Children & youth ; Demography ; Economic trends ; Employment ; Employment - economics ; Employment - trends ; EMPLOYMENT AND INCOME ; Families & family life ; Family Characteristics ; Family income ; Family structure ; general ; Geography ; Households ; Humans ; Income ; Income distribution ; Income inequality ; Labor market ; Labor markets ; Low income ; Low income families ; Low income groups ; Markets ; Medicine/Public Health ; Occupational safety ; Parents ; Parents & parenting ; Participation ; Personal income ; Polarization ; Population Economics ; Poverty ; Poverty - trends ; Regression analysis ; Safety ; Single parent family ; Social Sciences ; Sociology ; Transportation safety ; Trends ; Unemployment ; United States ; Variation ; Volatility
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abstractHas income insecurity increased among U.S. children with the emergence of an employment-based safety net and the polarization of labor markets and family structure? We study the trend in insecurity from 1984–2010 by analyzing fluctuations in children's monthly family incomes in the Survey of Income and Program Participation. Going beyond earlier research on income volatility, we examine income insecurity more directly by analyzing income gains and losses separately and by relating them to changes in family composition and employment. The analysis provides new evidence of increased income insecurity by showing that large income losses increased more than large income gains for low-income children. Nearly one-half the increase in extreme income losses is related to trends in single parenthood and parental employment. Large income losses proliferated with the increased incidence of very low incomes (less than $150 per month). Extreme income losses and very low monthly incomes became more common particularly for U.S. children of nonworking single parents from the mid-1990s.
copNew York
pubPopulation Association of America (Springer)
pmid26942945
doi10.1007/s13524-016-0463-0