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Overexpression of Polyphenol Oxidase Gene in Strawberry Fruit Delays the Fungus Infection Process

Polyphenols are secondary metabolites widely present in plants which benefit to human health. In the present study we analyzed the changes of polyphenol contents during strawberry fruit development as well as changes of polyphenol oxidase (PPO). The results depicted that the polyphenol content showe... Full description

Journal Title: Plant molecular biology reporter 2015, Vol.34 (3), p.592-606
Main Author: Jia, Haifeng
Other Authors: Zhao, Pengcheng , Wang, Baoju , Tariq, Pervaiz , Zhao, Fanggui , Zhao, Mizhen , Wang, Qinglian , Yang, Tianbao , Fang, Jinggui
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
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Publisher: New York: Springer US
ID: ISSN: 0735-9640
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recordid: cdi_proquest_miscellaneous_1794500129
title: Overexpression of Polyphenol Oxidase Gene in Strawberry Fruit Delays the Fungus Infection Process
format: Article
creator:
  • Jia, Haifeng
  • Zhao, Pengcheng
  • Wang, Baoju
  • Tariq, Pervaiz
  • Zhao, Fanggui
  • Zhao, Mizhen
  • Wang, Qinglian
  • Yang, Tianbao
  • Fang, Jinggui
subjects:
  • Abscisic acid
  • Bioinformatics
  • Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Fragaria
  • Fungi
  • Gene expression
  • Genes
  • Health aspects
  • Life Sciences
  • Metabolomics
  • Mycoses
  • Original Paper
  • Oxidases
  • Plant Breeding/Biotechnology
  • Plant metabolites
  • Plant Sciences
  • Polyphenols
  • Proteomics
ispartof: Plant molecular biology reporter, 2015, Vol.34 (3), p.592-606
description: Polyphenols are secondary metabolites widely present in plants which benefit to human health. In the present study we analyzed the changes of polyphenol contents during strawberry fruit development as well as changes of polyphenol oxidase (PPO). The results depicted that the polyphenol content showed a decreasing trend with the fruit development. The pH value impacts the PPO activity, and in strawberry fruit the optimal pH for the PPO activity was 4.5. Meanwhile, PPO activity kept decreasing with the development of the fruit flesh and achenes. The damaged fruit enhanced the PPO activity. We found four PPO genes encoding the PPO in the strawberry that had different expression levels in tissues. The overexpression of the FaPPO1 genes improved the PPO activity in strawberry fruit and delays the fungus infection process. The FaPPO1 gene expression changes had affected the pathogen-related gene expression, such as PAL , SOD , POD , BG , and Chitinase genes. The fruit damage induced the FaPPO1 gene expression, and the abscisic acid and methyl jasmonic were also involved in the regulation of FaPPO1 gene expression. The FaPPO1 and FaPPO2 gene expressions were regulated both by abiotic stresses of low temperature, NaCl, and H 2 O 2 and biotic stresses of powdery mildew and gray mold. Understanding the regulation mechanism of PPO will be helpful and provide meaningful ideas in future for strawberry breeders.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0735-9640
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0735-9640
  • 1572-9818
url: Link


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titleOverexpression of Polyphenol Oxidase Gene in Strawberry Fruit Delays the Fungus Infection Process
creatorJia, Haifeng ; Zhao, Pengcheng ; Wang, Baoju ; Tariq, Pervaiz ; Zhao, Fanggui ; Zhao, Mizhen ; Wang, Qinglian ; Yang, Tianbao ; Fang, Jinggui
creatorcontribJia, Haifeng ; Zhao, Pengcheng ; Wang, Baoju ; Tariq, Pervaiz ; Zhao, Fanggui ; Zhao, Mizhen ; Wang, Qinglian ; Yang, Tianbao ; Fang, Jinggui
descriptionPolyphenols are secondary metabolites widely present in plants which benefit to human health. In the present study we analyzed the changes of polyphenol contents during strawberry fruit development as well as changes of polyphenol oxidase (PPO). The results depicted that the polyphenol content showed a decreasing trend with the fruit development. The pH value impacts the PPO activity, and in strawberry fruit the optimal pH for the PPO activity was 4.5. Meanwhile, PPO activity kept decreasing with the development of the fruit flesh and achenes. The damaged fruit enhanced the PPO activity. We found four PPO genes encoding the PPO in the strawberry that had different expression levels in tissues. The overexpression of the FaPPO1 genes improved the PPO activity in strawberry fruit and delays the fungus infection process. The FaPPO1 gene expression changes had affected the pathogen-related gene expression, such as PAL , SOD , POD , BG , and Chitinase genes. The fruit damage induced the FaPPO1 gene expression, and the abscisic acid and methyl jasmonic were also involved in the regulation of FaPPO1 gene expression. The FaPPO1 and FaPPO2 gene expressions were regulated both by abiotic stresses of low temperature, NaCl, and H 2 O 2 and biotic stresses of powdery mildew and gray mold. Understanding the regulation mechanism of PPO will be helpful and provide meaningful ideas in future for strawberry breeders.
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subjectAbscisic acid ; Bioinformatics ; Biomedical and Life Sciences ; Fragaria ; Fungi ; Gene expression ; Genes ; Health aspects ; Life Sciences ; Metabolomics ; Mycoses ; Original Paper ; Oxidases ; Plant Breeding/Biotechnology ; Plant metabolites ; Plant Sciences ; Polyphenols ; Proteomics
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descriptionPolyphenols are secondary metabolites widely present in plants which benefit to human health. In the present study we analyzed the changes of polyphenol contents during strawberry fruit development as well as changes of polyphenol oxidase (PPO). The results depicted that the polyphenol content showed a decreasing trend with the fruit development. The pH value impacts the PPO activity, and in strawberry fruit the optimal pH for the PPO activity was 4.5. Meanwhile, PPO activity kept decreasing with the development of the fruit flesh and achenes. The damaged fruit enhanced the PPO activity. We found four PPO genes encoding the PPO in the strawberry that had different expression levels in tissues. The overexpression of the FaPPO1 genes improved the PPO activity in strawberry fruit and delays the fungus infection process. The FaPPO1 gene expression changes had affected the pathogen-related gene expression, such as PAL , SOD , POD , BG , and Chitinase genes. The fruit damage induced the FaPPO1 gene expression, and the abscisic acid and methyl jasmonic were also involved in the regulation of FaPPO1 gene expression. The FaPPO1 and FaPPO2 gene expressions were regulated both by abiotic stresses of low temperature, NaCl, and H 2 O 2 and biotic stresses of powdery mildew and gray mold. Understanding the regulation mechanism of PPO will be helpful and provide meaningful ideas in future for strawberry breeders.
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abstractPolyphenols are secondary metabolites widely present in plants which benefit to human health. In the present study we analyzed the changes of polyphenol contents during strawberry fruit development as well as changes of polyphenol oxidase (PPO). The results depicted that the polyphenol content showed a decreasing trend with the fruit development. The pH value impacts the PPO activity, and in strawberry fruit the optimal pH for the PPO activity was 4.5. Meanwhile, PPO activity kept decreasing with the development of the fruit flesh and achenes. The damaged fruit enhanced the PPO activity. We found four PPO genes encoding the PPO in the strawberry that had different expression levels in tissues. The overexpression of the FaPPO1 genes improved the PPO activity in strawberry fruit and delays the fungus infection process. The FaPPO1 gene expression changes had affected the pathogen-related gene expression, such as PAL , SOD , POD , BG , and Chitinase genes. The fruit damage induced the FaPPO1 gene expression, and the abscisic acid and methyl jasmonic were also involved in the regulation of FaPPO1 gene expression. The FaPPO1 and FaPPO2 gene expressions were regulated both by abiotic stresses of low temperature, NaCl, and H 2 O 2 and biotic stresses of powdery mildew and gray mold. Understanding the regulation mechanism of PPO will be helpful and provide meaningful ideas in future for strawberry breeders.
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doi10.1007/s11105-015-0946-y