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Improving the health and welfare of people who live in slums

Summary In the first paper in this Series we assessed theoretical and empirical evidence and concluded that the health of people living in slums is a function not only of poverty but of intimately shared physical and social environments. In this paper we extend the theory of so-called neighbourhood... Full description

Journal Title: The Lancet (British edition) 2016, Vol.389 (10068), p.559-570
Main Author: Lilford, Richard J, Prof
Other Authors: Oyebode, Oyinlola, PhD , Satterthwaite, David, PhD , Melendez-Torres, G J, PhD , Chen, Yen-Fu, PhD , Mberu, Blessing, PhD , Watson, Samuel I, PhD , Sartori, Jo, BA , Ndugwa, Robert, PhD , Caiaffa, Waleska, Prof , Haregu, Tilahun, PhD , Capon, Anthony, Prof , Saith, Ruhi, PhD , Ezeh, Alex, PhD
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Quelle: Alma/SFX Local Collection
Publisher: England: Elsevier Ltd
ID: ISSN: 0140-6736
Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27760702
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title: Improving the health and welfare of people who live in slums
format: Article
creator:
  • Lilford, Richard J, Prof
  • Oyebode, Oyinlola, PhD
  • Satterthwaite, David, PhD
  • Melendez-Torres, G J, PhD
  • Chen, Yen-Fu, PhD
  • Mberu, Blessing, PhD
  • Watson, Samuel I, PhD
  • Sartori, Jo, BA
  • Ndugwa, Robert, PhD
  • Caiaffa, Waleska, Prof
  • Haregu, Tilahun, PhD
  • Capon, Anthony, Prof
  • Saith, Ruhi, PhD
  • Ezeh, Alex, PhD
subjects:
  • Census
  • Empowerment
  • General & Internal
  • General & Internal Medicine
  • Ghettos
  • Health Policy
  • Health services
  • Humans
  • Income
  • Infant mortality
  • Internal Medicine
  • Intervention
  • Life Sciences & Biomedicine
  • Medical colleges
  • Medical research
  • Medicine
  • Neighborhoods
  • Population density
  • Poverty
  • Poverty Areas
  • Public health
  • Residence Characteristics
  • Sanitation
  • Science & Technology
  • Sewage disposal
  • Slums
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Tenure
  • Urban poor
ispartof: The Lancet (British edition), 2016, Vol.389 (10068), p.559-570
description: Summary In the first paper in this Series we assessed theoretical and empirical evidence and concluded that the health of people living in slums is a function not only of poverty but of intimately shared physical and social environments. In this paper we extend the theory of so-called neighbourhood effects. Slums offer high returns on investment because beneficial effects are shared across many people in densely populated neighbourhoods. Neighbourhood effects also help explain how and why the benefits of interventions vary between slum and non-slum spaces and between slums. We build on this spatial concept of slums to argue that, in all low-income and-middle-income countries, census tracts should henceforth be designated slum or non-slum both to inform local policy and as the basis for research surveys that build on censuses. We argue that slum health should be promoted as a topic of enquiry alongside poverty and health.
language: eng
source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
identifier: ISSN: 0140-6736
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0140-6736
  • 1474-547X
url: Link


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descriptionSummary In the first paper in this Series we assessed theoretical and empirical evidence and concluded that the health of people living in slums is a function not only of poverty but of intimately shared physical and social environments. In this paper we extend the theory of so-called neighbourhood effects. Slums offer high returns on investment because beneficial effects are shared across many people in densely populated neighbourhoods. Neighbourhood effects also help explain how and why the benefits of interventions vary between slum and non-slum spaces and between slums. We build on this spatial concept of slums to argue that, in all low-income and-middle-income countries, census tracts should henceforth be designated slum or non-slum both to inform local policy and as the basis for research surveys that build on censuses. We argue that slum health should be promoted as a topic of enquiry alongside poverty and health.
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subjectCensus ; Empowerment ; General & Internal ; General & Internal Medicine ; Ghettos ; Health Policy ; Health services ; Humans ; Income ; Infant mortality ; Internal Medicine ; Intervention ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine ; Medical colleges ; Medical research ; Medicine ; Neighborhoods ; Population density ; Poverty ; Poverty Areas ; Public health ; Residence Characteristics ; Sanitation ; Science & Technology ; Sewage disposal ; Slums ; Socioeconomic Factors ; Tenure ; Urban poor
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authorLilford, Richard J, Prof ; Oyebode, Oyinlola, PhD ; Satterthwaite, David, PhD ; Melendez-Torres, G J, PhD ; Chen, Yen-Fu, PhD ; Mberu, Blessing, PhD ; Watson, Samuel I, PhD ; Sartori, Jo, BA ; Ndugwa, Robert, PhD ; Caiaffa, Waleska, Prof ; Haregu, Tilahun, PhD ; Capon, Anthony, Prof ; Saith, Ruhi, PhD ; Ezeh, Alex, PhD
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abstractSummary In the first paper in this Series we assessed theoretical and empirical evidence and concluded that the health of people living in slums is a function not only of poverty but of intimately shared physical and social environments. In this paper we extend the theory of so-called neighbourhood effects. Slums offer high returns on investment because beneficial effects are shared across many people in densely populated neighbourhoods. Neighbourhood effects also help explain how and why the benefits of interventions vary between slum and non-slum spaces and between slums. We build on this spatial concept of slums to argue that, in all low-income and-middle-income countries, census tracts should henceforth be designated slum or non-slum both to inform local policy and as the basis for research surveys that build on censuses. We argue that slum health should be promoted as a topic of enquiry alongside poverty and health.
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