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The history, geography, and sociology of slums and the health problems of people who live in slums

Summary Massive slums have become major features of cities in many low-income and middle-income countries. Here, in the first in a Series of two papers, we discuss why slums are unhealthy places with especially high risks of infection and injury. We show that children are especially vulnerable, and... Full description

Journal Title: The Lancet (British edition) 2016, Vol.389 (10068), p.547-558
Main Author: Ezeh, Alex, PhD
Other Authors: Oyebode, Oyinlola, PhD , Satterthwaite, David, PhD , Chen, Yen-Fu, PhD , Ndugwa, Robert, PhD , Sartori, Jo, BA , Mberu, Blessing, PhD , Melendez-Torres, G J, PhD , Haregu, Tilahun, PhD , Watson, Samuel I, PhD , Caiaffa, Waleska, Prof , Capon, Anthony, Prof , Lilford, Richard J, Prof
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Quelle: Alma/SFX Local Collection
Publisher: England: Elsevier Ltd
ID: ISSN: 0140-6736
Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27760703
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title: The history, geography, and sociology of slums and the health problems of people who live in slums
format: Article
creator:
  • Ezeh, Alex, PhD
  • Oyebode, Oyinlola, PhD
  • Satterthwaite, David, PhD
  • Chen, Yen-Fu, PhD
  • Ndugwa, Robert, PhD
  • Sartori, Jo, BA
  • Mberu, Blessing, PhD
  • Melendez-Torres, G J, PhD
  • Haregu, Tilahun, PhD
  • Watson, Samuel I, PhD
  • Caiaffa, Waleska, Prof
  • Capon, Anthony, Prof
  • Lilford, Richard J, Prof
subjects:
  • Analysis
  • Cognitive ability
  • Diarrhea
  • Environmental effects
  • Geography
  • Ghettos
  • Health aspects
  • Health problems
  • Health risks
  • Health Status Disparities
  • Humans
  • Income
  • Infant mortality
  • Internal Medicine
  • Low income groups
  • Malnutrition
  • Medical colleges
  • Neighborhoods
  • Population
  • population characteristics
  • Poverty
  • Poverty Areas
  • Public health
  • Rural areas
  • Sanitation
  • Slums
  • Social environment
  • social sciences
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Sociology
  • Sustainable development
  • Trends
  • Tropical diseases
  • Urban poor
  • Urbanization
  • Water supply
ispartof: The Lancet (British edition), 2016, Vol.389 (10068), p.547-558
description: Summary Massive slums have become major features of cities in many low-income and middle-income countries. Here, in the first in a Series of two papers, we discuss why slums are unhealthy places with especially high risks of infection and injury. We show that children are especially vulnerable, and that the combination of malnutrition and recurrent diarrhoea leads to stunted growth and longer-term effects on cognitive development. We find that the scientific literature on slum health is underdeveloped in comparison to urban health, and poverty and health. This shortcoming is important because health is affected by factors arising from the shared physical and social environment, which have effects beyond those of poverty alone. In the second paper we will consider what can be done to improve health and make recommendations for the development of slum health as a field of study.
language: eng
source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
identifier: ISSN: 0140-6736
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0140-6736
  • 1474-547X
url: Link


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descriptionSummary Massive slums have become major features of cities in many low-income and middle-income countries. Here, in the first in a Series of two papers, we discuss why slums are unhealthy places with especially high risks of infection and injury. We show that children are especially vulnerable, and that the combination of malnutrition and recurrent diarrhoea leads to stunted growth and longer-term effects on cognitive development. We find that the scientific literature on slum health is underdeveloped in comparison to urban health, and poverty and health. This shortcoming is important because health is affected by factors arising from the shared physical and social environment, which have effects beyond those of poverty alone. In the second paper we will consider what can be done to improve health and make recommendations for the development of slum health as a field of study.
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subjectAnalysis ; Cognitive ability ; Diarrhea ; Environmental effects ; Geography ; Ghettos ; Health aspects ; Health problems ; Health risks ; Health Status Disparities ; Humans ; Income ; Infant mortality ; Internal Medicine ; Low income groups ; Malnutrition ; Medical colleges ; Neighborhoods ; Population ; population characteristics ; Poverty ; Poverty Areas ; Public health ; Rural areas ; Sanitation ; Slums ; Social environment ; social sciences ; Socioeconomic Factors ; Sociology ; Sustainable development ; Trends ; Tropical diseases ; Urban poor ; Urbanization ; Water supply
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titleThe history, geography, and sociology of slums and the health problems of people who live in slums
authorEzeh, Alex, PhD ; Oyebode, Oyinlola, PhD ; Satterthwaite, David, PhD ; Chen, Yen-Fu, PhD ; Ndugwa, Robert, PhD ; Sartori, Jo, BA ; Mberu, Blessing, PhD ; Melendez-Torres, G J, PhD ; Haregu, Tilahun, PhD ; Watson, Samuel I, PhD ; Caiaffa, Waleska, Prof ; Capon, Anthony, Prof ; Lilford, Richard J, Prof
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abstractSummary Massive slums have become major features of cities in many low-income and middle-income countries. Here, in the first in a Series of two papers, we discuss why slums are unhealthy places with especially high risks of infection and injury. We show that children are especially vulnerable, and that the combination of malnutrition and recurrent diarrhoea leads to stunted growth and longer-term effects on cognitive development. We find that the scientific literature on slum health is underdeveloped in comparison to urban health, and poverty and health. This shortcoming is important because health is affected by factors arising from the shared physical and social environment, which have effects beyond those of poverty alone. In the second paper we will consider what can be done to improve health and make recommendations for the development of slum health as a field of study.
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