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Mediated effects of perceived discrimination on adolescent academic achievement: A test of four models

Abstract Many adolescents feel they are subjected to acts of discrimination. Research shows that discrimination is associated with adverse outcomes including poor psychological adjustment, school adjustment, and academic achievement. This study investigated alternative pathways through which discrim... Full description

Journal Title: Journal of adolescence (London England.), 2017-01, Vol.54 (1), p.82-93
Main Author: Hood, William
Other Authors: Bradley, Graham L , Ferguson, Samantha
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Quelle: Alma/SFX Local Collection
Publisher: England: Elsevier Ltd
ID: ISSN: 0140-1971
Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27893993
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title: Mediated effects of perceived discrimination on adolescent academic achievement: A test of four models
format: Article
creator:
  • Hood, William
  • Bradley, Graham L
  • Ferguson, Samantha
subjects:
  • Academic achievement
  • Adjustment
  • Adolescent
  • Adolescents
  • Analysis
  • Discrimination
  • Discrimination in education
  • Educational evaluation
  • Educational Status
  • Emotional Adjustment
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mediation
  • Membership
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Pediatrics
  • Psychological adjustment
  • Psychological aspects
  • Questionnaires
  • School adjustment
  • Schools
  • Social Adjustment
  • Social Discrimination - psychology
  • Structural models
  • Students - psychology
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Teachers, Rating of
  • Teenagers
ispartof: Journal of adolescence (London, England.), 2017-01, Vol.54 (1), p.82-93
description: Abstract Many adolescents feel they are subjected to acts of discrimination. Research shows that discrimination is associated with adverse outcomes including poor psychological adjustment, school adjustment, and academic achievement. This study investigated alternative pathways through which discrimination affects adolescents' academic achievement. A sample of 244 Year 7–10 Australian secondary school students (65% male; Mage  = 13.6 years; SD  = 1.24) completed questionnaires measuring discrimination, psychological adjustment, and sense of school membership. Both at the time of questionnaire completion and one semester later, absenteeism data, teacher ratings of classroom behavior, and academic grades were retrieved from school records. The fit of four competing structural models were compared. In the best fitting model, the effects of prior discrimination on academic achievement one semester later were serially mediated, first through psychological adjustment, and then through school adjustment. By elucidating these mechanisms, the study informs theory and practice regarding the effects of discrimination on adolescents.
language: eng
source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
identifier: ISSN: 0140-1971
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0140-1971
  • 1095-9254
url: Link


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descriptionAbstract Many adolescents feel they are subjected to acts of discrimination. Research shows that discrimination is associated with adverse outcomes including poor psychological adjustment, school adjustment, and academic achievement. This study investigated alternative pathways through which discrimination affects adolescents' academic achievement. A sample of 244 Year 7–10 Australian secondary school students (65% male; Mage  = 13.6 years; SD  = 1.24) completed questionnaires measuring discrimination, psychological adjustment, and sense of school membership. Both at the time of questionnaire completion and one semester later, absenteeism data, teacher ratings of classroom behavior, and academic grades were retrieved from school records. The fit of four competing structural models were compared. In the best fitting model, the effects of prior discrimination on academic achievement one semester later were serially mediated, first through psychological adjustment, and then through school adjustment. By elucidating these mechanisms, the study informs theory and practice regarding the effects of discrimination on adolescents.
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subjectAcademic achievement ; Adjustment ; Adolescent ; Adolescents ; Analysis ; Discrimination ; Discrimination in education ; Educational evaluation ; Educational Status ; Emotional Adjustment ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Mediation ; Membership ; Models, Theoretical ; Pediatrics ; Psychological adjustment ; Psychological aspects ; Questionnaires ; School adjustment ; Schools ; Social Adjustment ; Social Discrimination - psychology ; Structural models ; Students - psychology ; Surveys and Questionnaires ; Teachers, Rating of ; Teenagers
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abstractAbstract Many adolescents feel they are subjected to acts of discrimination. Research shows that discrimination is associated with adverse outcomes including poor psychological adjustment, school adjustment, and academic achievement. This study investigated alternative pathways through which discrimination affects adolescents' academic achievement. A sample of 244 Year 7–10 Australian secondary school students (65% male; Mage  = 13.6 years; SD  = 1.24) completed questionnaires measuring discrimination, psychological adjustment, and sense of school membership. Both at the time of questionnaire completion and one semester later, absenteeism data, teacher ratings of classroom behavior, and academic grades were retrieved from school records. The fit of four competing structural models were compared. In the best fitting model, the effects of prior discrimination on academic achievement one semester later were serially mediated, first through psychological adjustment, and then through school adjustment. By elucidating these mechanisms, the study informs theory and practice regarding the effects of discrimination on adolescents.
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