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Effects of plantar stimulation on cardiovascular response to orthostatism

Purpose Walking is a complex locomotor process that involves both spinal cord reflexes and cortical integration of peripheral nerve input. Maintaining an upright body position requires not only neuromuscular activity but also cardiovascular regulation. We postulated that plantar mechanical stimulati... Full description

Journal Title: European journal of applied physiology 2016, Vol.116 (11-12), p.2257-2266
Main Author: Amirova, Liubov E
Other Authors: Navasiolava, Nastassia M , Bareille, Marie-Pierre , Beck, Arnaud , Tomilovskaya, Elena S , Kozlovzkaya, Inessa B , Gauquelin-Koch, Guillemette , Gharib, Claude , Custaud, Marc-Antoine
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
ID: ISSN: 1439-6319
Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27688160
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recordid: cdi_proquest_miscellaneous_1846414641
title: Effects of plantar stimulation on cardiovascular response to orthostatism
format: Article
creator:
  • Amirova, Liubov E
  • Navasiolava, Nastassia M
  • Bareille, Marie-Pierre
  • Beck, Arnaud
  • Tomilovskaya, Elena S
  • Kozlovzkaya, Inessa B
  • Gauquelin-Koch, Guillemette
  • Gharib, Claude
  • Custaud, Marc-Antoine
subjects:
  • Adaptation, Physiological - physiology
  • Adult
  • Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Biomedicine
  • Blood Pressure - physiology
  • Cardiac Output - physiology
  • Foot - physiology
  • Heart Rate - physiology
  • Human Physiology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mechanoreceptors - physiology
  • Occupational Medicine/Industrial Medicine
  • Original Article
  • Parasympathetic Nervous System - physiology
  • Physical Stimulation - methods
  • Postural Balance - physiology
  • Posture - physiology
  • Sports Medicine
  • Sympathetic Nervous System - physiology
  • Touch - physiology
  • Walking - physiology
ispartof: European journal of applied physiology, 2016, Vol.116 (11-12), p.2257-2266
description: Purpose Walking is a complex locomotor process that involves both spinal cord reflexes and cortical integration of peripheral nerve input. Maintaining an upright body position requires not only neuromuscular activity but also cardiovascular regulation. We postulated that plantar mechanical stimulation might modulate autonomic nervous system activity and, thereby, impact blood pressure adaptation during standing. Methods Twelve healthy subjects underwent three randomly ordered 45-min 70°-saddle tilt tests while the plantar surfaces of the feet were stimulated using specially engineered Korvit boots in the following modes: (1) no stimulation, (2) disrupted stimulation, and (3) walking mode. Orthostatic tolerance time was measured for each trial. During testing, we obtained an electrocardiogram and measured blood pressure, skin blood flow, and popliteal vein cross-sectional area. We estimated central hemodynamics, baroreflex sensitivity and heart rate variability. Results Orthostatic tolerance time was not found to differ significantly between test conditions (37.2 ± 10.4, 40.9 ± 7.6, and 41.8 ± 8.2 min, for no stimulation, disrupted stimulation, and walking mode, respectively). No significant differences between treatment groups were observed for stroke volume or cardiac baroreflex sensitivity, both of which decreased significantly from baseline during tilt testing in all groups. Cardiac sympathetic index and popliteal vein cross-sectional area increased at the end of the tilt period in all groups, without significant differences between treatments. Conclusions Plantar mechanical stimulation is insufficient for immediate modulation of cardiac sympathetic and parasympathetic activity under orthostatic stress.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 1439-6319
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 1439-6319
  • 1439-6327
url: Link


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titleEffects of plantar stimulation on cardiovascular response to orthostatism
creatorAmirova, Liubov E ; Navasiolava, Nastassia M ; Bareille, Marie-Pierre ; Beck, Arnaud ; Tomilovskaya, Elena S ; Kozlovzkaya, Inessa B ; Gauquelin-Koch, Guillemette ; Gharib, Claude ; Custaud, Marc-Antoine
creatorcontribAmirova, Liubov E ; Navasiolava, Nastassia M ; Bareille, Marie-Pierre ; Beck, Arnaud ; Tomilovskaya, Elena S ; Kozlovzkaya, Inessa B ; Gauquelin-Koch, Guillemette ; Gharib, Claude ; Custaud, Marc-Antoine
descriptionPurpose Walking is a complex locomotor process that involves both spinal cord reflexes and cortical integration of peripheral nerve input. Maintaining an upright body position requires not only neuromuscular activity but also cardiovascular regulation. We postulated that plantar mechanical stimulation might modulate autonomic nervous system activity and, thereby, impact blood pressure adaptation during standing. Methods Twelve healthy subjects underwent three randomly ordered 45-min 70°-saddle tilt tests while the plantar surfaces of the feet were stimulated using specially engineered Korvit boots in the following modes: (1) no stimulation, (2) disrupted stimulation, and (3) walking mode. Orthostatic tolerance time was measured for each trial. During testing, we obtained an electrocardiogram and measured blood pressure, skin blood flow, and popliteal vein cross-sectional area. We estimated central hemodynamics, baroreflex sensitivity and heart rate variability. Results Orthostatic tolerance time was not found to differ significantly between test conditions (37.2 ± 10.4, 40.9 ± 7.6, and 41.8 ± 8.2 min, for no stimulation, disrupted stimulation, and walking mode, respectively). No significant differences between treatment groups were observed for stroke volume or cardiac baroreflex sensitivity, both of which decreased significantly from baseline during tilt testing in all groups. Cardiac sympathetic index and popliteal vein cross-sectional area increased at the end of the tilt period in all groups, without significant differences between treatments. Conclusions Plantar mechanical stimulation is insufficient for immediate modulation of cardiac sympathetic and parasympathetic activity under orthostatic stress.
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subjectAdaptation, Physiological - physiology ; Adult ; Biomedical and Life Sciences ; Biomedicine ; Blood Pressure - physiology ; Cardiac Output - physiology ; Foot - physiology ; Heart Rate - physiology ; Human Physiology ; Humans ; Male ; Mechanoreceptors - physiology ; Occupational Medicine/Industrial Medicine ; Original Article ; Parasympathetic Nervous System - physiology ; Physical Stimulation - methods ; Postural Balance - physiology ; Posture - physiology ; Sports Medicine ; Sympathetic Nervous System - physiology ; Touch - physiology ; Walking - physiology
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descriptionPurpose Walking is a complex locomotor process that involves both spinal cord reflexes and cortical integration of peripheral nerve input. Maintaining an upright body position requires not only neuromuscular activity but also cardiovascular regulation. We postulated that plantar mechanical stimulation might modulate autonomic nervous system activity and, thereby, impact blood pressure adaptation during standing. Methods Twelve healthy subjects underwent three randomly ordered 45-min 70°-saddle tilt tests while the plantar surfaces of the feet were stimulated using specially engineered Korvit boots in the following modes: (1) no stimulation, (2) disrupted stimulation, and (3) walking mode. Orthostatic tolerance time was measured for each trial. During testing, we obtained an electrocardiogram and measured blood pressure, skin blood flow, and popliteal vein cross-sectional area. We estimated central hemodynamics, baroreflex sensitivity and heart rate variability. Results Orthostatic tolerance time was not found to differ significantly between test conditions (37.2 ± 10.4, 40.9 ± 7.6, and 41.8 ± 8.2 min, for no stimulation, disrupted stimulation, and walking mode, respectively). No significant differences between treatment groups were observed for stroke volume or cardiac baroreflex sensitivity, both of which decreased significantly from baseline during tilt testing in all groups. Cardiac sympathetic index and popliteal vein cross-sectional area increased at the end of the tilt period in all groups, without significant differences between treatments. Conclusions Plantar mechanical stimulation is insufficient for immediate modulation of cardiac sympathetic and parasympathetic activity under orthostatic stress.
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7Heart Rate - physiology
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titleEffects of plantar stimulation on cardiovascular response to orthostatism
authorAmirova, Liubov E ; Navasiolava, Nastassia M ; Bareille, Marie-Pierre ; Beck, Arnaud ; Tomilovskaya, Elena S ; Kozlovzkaya, Inessa B ; Gauquelin-Koch, Guillemette ; Gharib, Claude ; Custaud, Marc-Antoine
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16Postural Balance - physiology
17Posture - physiology
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20Touch - physiology
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6Gauquelin-Koch, Guillemette
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0Amirova, Liubov E
1Navasiolava, Nastassia M
2Bareille, Marie-Pierre
3Beck, Arnaud
4Tomilovskaya, Elena S
5Kozlovzkaya, Inessa B
6Gauquelin-Koch, Guillemette
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8Custaud, Marc-Antoine
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atitleEffects of plantar stimulation on cardiovascular response to orthostatism
jtitleEuropean journal of applied physiology
stitleEur J Appl Physiol
addtitleEur J Appl Physiol
date2016-09-29
risdate2016
volume116
issue11-12
spage2257
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pages2257-2266
issn1439-6319
eissn1439-6327
abstractPurpose Walking is a complex locomotor process that involves both spinal cord reflexes and cortical integration of peripheral nerve input. Maintaining an upright body position requires not only neuromuscular activity but also cardiovascular regulation. We postulated that plantar mechanical stimulation might modulate autonomic nervous system activity and, thereby, impact blood pressure adaptation during standing. Methods Twelve healthy subjects underwent three randomly ordered 45-min 70°-saddle tilt tests while the plantar surfaces of the feet were stimulated using specially engineered Korvit boots in the following modes: (1) no stimulation, (2) disrupted stimulation, and (3) walking mode. Orthostatic tolerance time was measured for each trial. During testing, we obtained an electrocardiogram and measured blood pressure, skin blood flow, and popliteal vein cross-sectional area. We estimated central hemodynamics, baroreflex sensitivity and heart rate variability. Results Orthostatic tolerance time was not found to differ significantly between test conditions (37.2 ± 10.4, 40.9 ± 7.6, and 41.8 ± 8.2 min, for no stimulation, disrupted stimulation, and walking mode, respectively). No significant differences between treatment groups were observed for stroke volume or cardiac baroreflex sensitivity, both of which decreased significantly from baseline during tilt testing in all groups. Cardiac sympathetic index and popliteal vein cross-sectional area increased at the end of the tilt period in all groups, without significant differences between treatments. Conclusions Plantar mechanical stimulation is insufficient for immediate modulation of cardiac sympathetic and parasympathetic activity under orthostatic stress.
copBerlin/Heidelberg
pubSpringer Berlin Heidelberg
pmid27688160
doi10.1007/s00421-016-3479-7
orcididhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-3721-9407