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Improved Sleep, Diet, and Exercise in Adults with Serious Mental Illness: Results from a Pilot Self-Management Intervention

Compared to the general population, adults with serious mental illnesses have elevated rates of medical morbidity resulting in a reduced life expectancy of approximately 15 years. Chronic disease self-management programs for adults with serious mental and chronic medical illnesses show some promise... Full description

Journal Title: Psychiatric quarterly 2017-04-29, Vol.89 (1), p.61-71
Main Author: Schmutte, Timothy
Other Authors: Davidson, Larry , O’Connell, Maria
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: New York: Springer US
ID: ISSN: 0033-2720
Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28455555
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title: Improved Sleep, Diet, and Exercise in Adults with Serious Mental Illness: Results from a Pilot Self-Management Intervention
format: Article
creator:
  • Schmutte, Timothy
  • Davidson, Larry
  • O’Connell, Maria
subjects:
  • Adults
  • Chronic diseases
  • Chronic illnesses
  • Diet
  • Disease management
  • general
  • Health problems
  • Health promotion
  • Health status
  • Intervention
  • Life expectancy
  • Life span
  • Medicine
  • Medicine & Public Health
  • Mental disorders
  • Mental health
  • Mental illness
  • Morbidity
  • Mortality
  • Original Paper
  • Premature mortality
  • Psychiatry
  • Public Health
  • Quality
  • Risk factors
  • Selfmanagement
  • Sleep
  • Sleep problems
  • Sociology
  • Wellness programs
ispartof: Psychiatric quarterly, 2017-04-29, Vol.89 (1), p.61-71
description: Compared to the general population, adults with serious mental illnesses have elevated rates of medical morbidity resulting in a reduced life expectancy of approximately 15 years. Chronic disease self-management programs for adults with serious mental and chronic medical illnesses show some promise in improving physical health-related outcomes, yet none of them address sleep quality. Poor sleep affects a majority of adults with serious mental illness and is robust risk factor for physical morbidity and premature mortality. This pilot project examined the impact of a 14-week educational and support group that included sleep quality as a cornerstone in promoting wellness and self-management in 78 adults with serious mental illness and poor health. Results provide preliminary data that the self-management program was associated with significant improvements in self-reported sleep quality at post-intervention. At 3-month follow-up, participants reported additional increases in sleep quality as well as in healthy diet and exercise frequency. Addressing sleep quality as part of self-management and wellness programs may be a viable approach to assist adults with chronic mental and physical illnesses to adopt health-promoting changes.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0033-2720
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0033-2720
  • 1573-6709
url: Link


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descriptionCompared to the general population, adults with serious mental illnesses have elevated rates of medical morbidity resulting in a reduced life expectancy of approximately 15 years. Chronic disease self-management programs for adults with serious mental and chronic medical illnesses show some promise in improving physical health-related outcomes, yet none of them address sleep quality. Poor sleep affects a majority of adults with serious mental illness and is robust risk factor for physical morbidity and premature mortality. This pilot project examined the impact of a 14-week educational and support group that included sleep quality as a cornerstone in promoting wellness and self-management in 78 adults with serious mental illness and poor health. Results provide preliminary data that the self-management program was associated with significant improvements in self-reported sleep quality at post-intervention. At 3-month follow-up, participants reported additional increases in sleep quality as well as in healthy diet and exercise frequency. Addressing sleep quality as part of self-management and wellness programs may be a viable approach to assist adults with chronic mental and physical illnesses to adopt health-promoting changes.
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subjectAdults ; Chronic diseases ; Chronic illnesses ; Diet ; Disease management ; general ; Health problems ; Health promotion ; Health status ; Intervention ; Life expectancy ; Life span ; Medicine ; Medicine & Public Health ; Mental disorders ; Mental health ; Mental illness ; Morbidity ; Mortality ; Original Paper ; Premature mortality ; Psychiatry ; Public Health ; Quality ; Risk factors ; Selfmanagement ; Sleep ; Sleep problems ; Sociology ; Wellness programs
ispartofPsychiatric quarterly, 2017-04-29, Vol.89 (1), p.61-71
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descriptionCompared to the general population, adults with serious mental illnesses have elevated rates of medical morbidity resulting in a reduced life expectancy of approximately 15 years. Chronic disease self-management programs for adults with serious mental and chronic medical illnesses show some promise in improving physical health-related outcomes, yet none of them address sleep quality. Poor sleep affects a majority of adults with serious mental illness and is robust risk factor for physical morbidity and premature mortality. This pilot project examined the impact of a 14-week educational and support group that included sleep quality as a cornerstone in promoting wellness and self-management in 78 adults with serious mental illness and poor health. Results provide preliminary data that the self-management program was associated with significant improvements in self-reported sleep quality at post-intervention. At 3-month follow-up, participants reported additional increases in sleep quality as well as in healthy diet and exercise frequency. Addressing sleep quality as part of self-management and wellness programs may be a viable approach to assist adults with chronic mental and physical illnesses to adopt health-promoting changes.
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abstractCompared to the general population, adults with serious mental illnesses have elevated rates of medical morbidity resulting in a reduced life expectancy of approximately 15 years. Chronic disease self-management programs for adults with serious mental and chronic medical illnesses show some promise in improving physical health-related outcomes, yet none of them address sleep quality. Poor sleep affects a majority of adults with serious mental illness and is robust risk factor for physical morbidity and premature mortality. This pilot project examined the impact of a 14-week educational and support group that included sleep quality as a cornerstone in promoting wellness and self-management in 78 adults with serious mental illness and poor health. Results provide preliminary data that the self-management program was associated with significant improvements in self-reported sleep quality at post-intervention. At 3-month follow-up, participants reported additional increases in sleep quality as well as in healthy diet and exercise frequency. Addressing sleep quality as part of self-management and wellness programs may be a viable approach to assist adults with chronic mental and physical illnesses to adopt health-promoting changes.
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