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E-Cigarette Users’ Attitudes on the Banning of Sales of Nicotine E-Liquid, Its Implication on E-Cigarette Use Behaviours and Alternative Sources of Nicotine E-Liquid

The banning of sales of nicotine e-liquid in e-cigarette shops has been implemented in several states in Malaysia. The distribution of nicotine e-liquid can only be allowed by licensed pharmacies or registered medical practitioners. This study aimed to evaluate e-cigarette users’ responses to the co... Full description

Journal Title: Journal of community health 2017, Vol.42 (6), p.1225-1232
Main Author: Wong, Li Ping
Other Authors: Alias, Haridah , Agha Mohammadi, Nasrin , Ghadimi, Azadeh , Hoe, Victor Chee Wai
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: New York: Springer US
ID: ISSN: 0094-5145
Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28589268
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title: E-Cigarette Users’ Attitudes on the Banning of Sales of Nicotine E-Liquid, Its Implication on E-Cigarette Use Behaviours and Alternative Sources of Nicotine E-Liquid
format: Article
creator:
  • Wong, Li Ping
  • Alias, Haridah
  • Agha Mohammadi, Nasrin
  • Ghadimi, Azadeh
  • Hoe, Victor Chee Wai
subjects:
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Black markets
  • Boom
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Cigarettes
  • Community and Environmental Psychology
  • Consumer Behavior - statistics & numerical data
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Drugstores
  • Electronic cigarettes
  • Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems - economics
  • Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems - statistics & numerical data
  • Ethics
  • Female
  • Hazards
  • Health aspects
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Health Promotion and Disease Prevention
  • Humans
  • Laws, regulations and rules
  • Male
  • Marketing
  • Markets
  • Medicine
  • Medicine & Public Health
  • Nicotine
  • Original Paper
  • Pharmacy
  • Regulation
  • Sales
  • Social aspects
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Switching
  • Tobacco
  • Vaping
  • Young Adult
ispartof: Journal of community health, 2017, Vol.42 (6), p.1225-1232
description: The banning of sales of nicotine e-liquid in e-cigarette shops has been implemented in several states in Malaysia. The distribution of nicotine e-liquid can only be allowed by licensed pharmacies or registered medical practitioners. This study aimed to evaluate e-cigarette users’ responses to the control policy in a cross-sectional survey of 851 e-cigarette users by utilizing a self-report questionnaire that assessed (1) attitudes on regulation policy of e-cigarette banning; (2) e-cigarette use behaviors; and (3) sources of e-liquid after the regulation policy has been implemented. Participants from the state of Selangor where the banning policy was implemented were surveyed. The majority (95.8%) opposed the banning and believed e-cigarettes should be sold to anyone aged 18 years or above as with tobacco cigarettes, only a minority believed that nicotine e-liquid should only be available for sale over the counter in pharmacy stores (14.6%) and in clinics with a doctor’s prescription (11.8%). The majority (44.2%) reported that they would continue their e-cigarette use as before the banning policy, while 20% plan to completely stop e-cigarette usage without replacing it with any alternatives. The vast majority (87.9%) was still able to obtained nicotine e-liquid from e-cigarette shops in spite of the ban and the second most common source was from online purchase (63.1%). The sales of nicotine e-liquid from black-market were evidenced as many reported obtaining zero nicotine e-liquid from the black market (54.4%). Self- or home-made (30.8%) nicotine e-liquid was also reported. Majority of respondents that self-made e-liquid were from the average monthly income group (below MYR3000). Obtaining nicotine from the pharmacy was least preferred (21.4%). Provision of professional advice to nicotine e-liquid users along with the ban may lessen the likelihood of users switching to tobacco cigarettes or other nicotine alternatives. Banning of sales of nicotine e-liquid in e-cigarette shops resulted in a boom in the black market supplying nicotine e-liquid and, self- or home-made nicotine e-liquid. Enforcing regulations and monitoring black market sales is warranted. Efforts to educate e-cigarette users of the danger of sourcing nicotine e-liquid from the black market and self- or home-made nicotine e-liquid are essential.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0094-5145
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0094-5145
  • 1573-3610
url: Link


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titleE-Cigarette Users’ Attitudes on the Banning of Sales of Nicotine E-Liquid, Its Implication on E-Cigarette Use Behaviours and Alternative Sources of Nicotine E-Liquid
creatorWong, Li Ping ; Alias, Haridah ; Agha Mohammadi, Nasrin ; Ghadimi, Azadeh ; Hoe, Victor Chee Wai
creatorcontribWong, Li Ping ; Alias, Haridah ; Agha Mohammadi, Nasrin ; Ghadimi, Azadeh ; Hoe, Victor Chee Wai
descriptionThe banning of sales of nicotine e-liquid in e-cigarette shops has been implemented in several states in Malaysia. The distribution of nicotine e-liquid can only be allowed by licensed pharmacies or registered medical practitioners. This study aimed to evaluate e-cigarette users’ responses to the control policy in a cross-sectional survey of 851 e-cigarette users by utilizing a self-report questionnaire that assessed (1) attitudes on regulation policy of e-cigarette banning; (2) e-cigarette use behaviors; and (3) sources of e-liquid after the regulation policy has been implemented. Participants from the state of Selangor where the banning policy was implemented were surveyed. The majority (95.8%) opposed the banning and believed e-cigarettes should be sold to anyone aged 18 years or above as with tobacco cigarettes, only a minority believed that nicotine e-liquid should only be available for sale over the counter in pharmacy stores (14.6%) and in clinics with a doctor’s prescription (11.8%). The majority (44.2%) reported that they would continue their e-cigarette use as before the banning policy, while 20% plan to completely stop e-cigarette usage without replacing it with any alternatives. The vast majority (87.9%) was still able to obtained nicotine e-liquid from e-cigarette shops in spite of the ban and the second most common source was from online purchase (63.1%). The sales of nicotine e-liquid from black-market were evidenced as many reported obtaining zero nicotine e-liquid from the black market (54.4%). Self- or home-made (30.8%) nicotine e-liquid was also reported. Majority of respondents that self-made e-liquid were from the average monthly income group (below MYR3000). Obtaining nicotine from the pharmacy was least preferred (21.4%). Provision of professional advice to nicotine e-liquid users along with the ban may lessen the likelihood of users switching to tobacco cigarettes or other nicotine alternatives. Banning of sales of nicotine e-liquid in e-cigarette shops resulted in a boom in the black market supplying nicotine e-liquid and, self- or home-made nicotine e-liquid. Enforcing regulations and monitoring black market sales is warranted. Efforts to educate e-cigarette users of the danger of sourcing nicotine e-liquid from the black market and self- or home-made nicotine e-liquid are essential.
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subjectAdolescent ; Adult ; Black markets ; Boom ; Cigarette smoking ; Cigarettes ; Community and Environmental Psychology ; Consumer Behavior - statistics & numerical data ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Drugstores ; Electronic cigarettes ; Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems - economics ; Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems - statistics & numerical data ; Ethics ; Female ; Hazards ; Health aspects ; Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice ; Health Promotion and Disease Prevention ; Humans ; Laws, regulations and rules ; Male ; Marketing ; Markets ; Medicine ; Medicine & Public Health ; Nicotine ; Original Paper ; Pharmacy ; Regulation ; Sales ; Social aspects ; Surveys and Questionnaires ; Switching ; Tobacco ; Vaping ; Young Adult
ispartofJournal of community health, 2017, Vol.42 (6), p.1225-1232
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descriptionThe banning of sales of nicotine e-liquid in e-cigarette shops has been implemented in several states in Malaysia. The distribution of nicotine e-liquid can only be allowed by licensed pharmacies or registered medical practitioners. This study aimed to evaluate e-cigarette users’ responses to the control policy in a cross-sectional survey of 851 e-cigarette users by utilizing a self-report questionnaire that assessed (1) attitudes on regulation policy of e-cigarette banning; (2) e-cigarette use behaviors; and (3) sources of e-liquid after the regulation policy has been implemented. Participants from the state of Selangor where the banning policy was implemented were surveyed. The majority (95.8%) opposed the banning and believed e-cigarettes should be sold to anyone aged 18 years or above as with tobacco cigarettes, only a minority believed that nicotine e-liquid should only be available for sale over the counter in pharmacy stores (14.6%) and in clinics with a doctor’s prescription (11.8%). The majority (44.2%) reported that they would continue their e-cigarette use as before the banning policy, while 20% plan to completely stop e-cigarette usage without replacing it with any alternatives. The vast majority (87.9%) was still able to obtained nicotine e-liquid from e-cigarette shops in spite of the ban and the second most common source was from online purchase (63.1%). The sales of nicotine e-liquid from black-market were evidenced as many reported obtaining zero nicotine e-liquid from the black market (54.4%). Self- or home-made (30.8%) nicotine e-liquid was also reported. Majority of respondents that self-made e-liquid were from the average monthly income group (below MYR3000). Obtaining nicotine from the pharmacy was least preferred (21.4%). Provision of professional advice to nicotine e-liquid users along with the ban may lessen the likelihood of users switching to tobacco cigarettes or other nicotine alternatives. Banning of sales of nicotine e-liquid in e-cigarette shops resulted in a boom in the black market supplying nicotine e-liquid and, self- or home-made nicotine e-liquid. Enforcing regulations and monitoring black market sales is warranted. Efforts to educate e-cigarette users of the danger of sourcing nicotine e-liquid from the black market and self- or home-made nicotine e-liquid are essential.
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3Boom
4Cigarette smoking
5Cigarettes
6Community and Environmental Psychology
7Consumer Behavior - statistics & numerical data
8Cross-Sectional Studies
9Drugstores
10Electronic cigarettes
11Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems - economics
12Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems - statistics & numerical data
13Ethics
14Female
15Hazards
16Health aspects
17Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
18Health Promotion and Disease Prevention
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20Laws, regulations and rules
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29Regulation
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titleE-Cigarette Users’ Attitudes on the Banning of Sales of Nicotine E-Liquid, Its Implication on E-Cigarette Use Behaviours and Alternative Sources of Nicotine E-Liquid
authorWong, Li Ping ; Alias, Haridah ; Agha Mohammadi, Nasrin ; Ghadimi, Azadeh ; Hoe, Victor Chee Wai
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13Ethics
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35Vaping
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abstractThe banning of sales of nicotine e-liquid in e-cigarette shops has been implemented in several states in Malaysia. The distribution of nicotine e-liquid can only be allowed by licensed pharmacies or registered medical practitioners. This study aimed to evaluate e-cigarette users’ responses to the control policy in a cross-sectional survey of 851 e-cigarette users by utilizing a self-report questionnaire that assessed (1) attitudes on regulation policy of e-cigarette banning; (2) e-cigarette use behaviors; and (3) sources of e-liquid after the regulation policy has been implemented. Participants from the state of Selangor where the banning policy was implemented were surveyed. The majority (95.8%) opposed the banning and believed e-cigarettes should be sold to anyone aged 18 years or above as with tobacco cigarettes, only a minority believed that nicotine e-liquid should only be available for sale over the counter in pharmacy stores (14.6%) and in clinics with a doctor’s prescription (11.8%). The majority (44.2%) reported that they would continue their e-cigarette use as before the banning policy, while 20% plan to completely stop e-cigarette usage without replacing it with any alternatives. The vast majority (87.9%) was still able to obtained nicotine e-liquid from e-cigarette shops in spite of the ban and the second most common source was from online purchase (63.1%). The sales of nicotine e-liquid from black-market were evidenced as many reported obtaining zero nicotine e-liquid from the black market (54.4%). Self- or home-made (30.8%) nicotine e-liquid was also reported. Majority of respondents that self-made e-liquid were from the average monthly income group (below MYR3000). Obtaining nicotine from the pharmacy was least preferred (21.4%). Provision of professional advice to nicotine e-liquid users along with the ban may lessen the likelihood of users switching to tobacco cigarettes or other nicotine alternatives. Banning of sales of nicotine e-liquid in e-cigarette shops resulted in a boom in the black market supplying nicotine e-liquid and, self- or home-made nicotine e-liquid. Enforcing regulations and monitoring black market sales is warranted. Efforts to educate e-cigarette users of the danger of sourcing nicotine e-liquid from the black market and self- or home-made nicotine e-liquid are essential.
copNew York
pubSpringer US
pmid28589268
doi10.1007/s10900-017-0374-z