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Effects of energy supply and nicotinic acid supplementation on phagocytosis and ROS production of blood immune cells of periparturient primi- and pluriparous dairy cows

Effects of energy supply and nicotinic acid (NA) supplementation on the phagocytic activity of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), and on ROS production in PMN of periparturient cows differing in parity were examined. 29 pluriparous and 18 primiparous co... Full description

Journal Title: Research in veterinary science 2018-02, Vol.116, p.62-71
Main Author: Bühler, S
Other Authors: Frahm, J , Liermann, W , Tienken, R , Kersten, S , Meyer, U , Huber, K , Dänicke, S
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Quelle: Alma/SFX Local Collection
Publisher: England: Elsevier Ltd
ID: ISSN: 0034-5288
Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28935207
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title: Effects of energy supply and nicotinic acid supplementation on phagocytosis and ROS production of blood immune cells of periparturient primi- and pluriparous dairy cows
format: Article
creator:
  • Bühler, S
  • Frahm, J
  • Liermann, W
  • Tienken, R
  • Kersten, S
  • Meyer, U
  • Huber, K
  • Dänicke, S
subjects:
  • Acids
  • Adenosine
  • Animal lactation
  • Animals
  • Blood
  • Cattle
  • Diet
  • Energy
  • Experiments
  • Fatty acids
  • Feeding
  • Flow cytometry
  • Fluorescence
  • Immune system
  • Immunology
  • Leucocytes
  • Leukocytes
  • Leukocytes (mononuclear)
  • Leukocytes (polymorphonuclear)
  • Lipolysis
  • Metabolism
  • Neutrophils
  • Niacin
  • Nicotinic acid
  • Oxidative burst
  • Oxidative stress
  • Parturition
  • Peripheral blood mononuclear cells
  • Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC)
  • Phagocytes
  • Phagocytosis
  • Polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN)
  • Postpartum
  • Supplementation
  • Transition period
  • Vitamin B
  • White blood cells
ispartof: Research in veterinary science, 2018-02, Vol.116, p.62-71
description: Effects of energy supply and nicotinic acid (NA) supplementation on the phagocytic activity of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), and on ROS production in PMN of periparturient cows differing in parity were examined. 29 pluriparous and 18 primiparous cows were allocated to four different feeding groups from 42days prepartum until 100days postpartum. They were fed either a ration with a low concentrate proportion of 30% (LC) or a high concentrate proportion of 60% (HC). After parturition all animals received 30% concentrate which was increased to 50% either within 16 (LC) or within 24days (HC). The different concentrate feeding strategies aimed at triggering differences in postpartum lipolysis. Half of the animals per group were supplemented with 24g per day of NA from 42days prepartum until 24days postpartum. All investigated parameters varied significantly over time compared to parturition (p
language: eng
source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
identifier: ISSN: 0034-5288
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0034-5288
  • 1532-2661
url: Link


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titleEffects of energy supply and nicotinic acid supplementation on phagocytosis and ROS production of blood immune cells of periparturient primi- and pluriparous dairy cows
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creatorBühler, S ; Frahm, J ; Liermann, W ; Tienken, R ; Kersten, S ; Meyer, U ; Huber, K ; Dänicke, S
creatorcontribBühler, S ; Frahm, J ; Liermann, W ; Tienken, R ; Kersten, S ; Meyer, U ; Huber, K ; Dänicke, S
descriptionEffects of energy supply and nicotinic acid (NA) supplementation on the phagocytic activity of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), and on ROS production in PMN of periparturient cows differing in parity were examined. 29 pluriparous and 18 primiparous cows were allocated to four different feeding groups from 42days prepartum until 100days postpartum. They were fed either a ration with a low concentrate proportion of 30% (LC) or a high concentrate proportion of 60% (HC). After parturition all animals received 30% concentrate which was increased to 50% either within 16 (LC) or within 24days (HC). The different concentrate feeding strategies aimed at triggering differences in postpartum lipolysis. Half of the animals per group were supplemented with 24g per day of NA from 42days prepartum until 24days postpartum. All investigated parameters varied significantly over time compared to parturition (p<0.05). Numbers of phagocytosing PMN and PBMC increased in the course of the experiment, whereas the amount of engulfed bacteria per cell decreased between 42 and 11days prepartum. Percentage of basal ROS producing PMN decreased strongly before parturition and reached initial values only at 28days in milk again. Mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) in these ROS producing cells, however, increased before parturition. Oxidative burst stimulation in PMN was reduced around parturition but the amount of ROS produced in the stimulated cells was increased. Pluriparous cows exhibited higher numbers of basal ROS producing PMN and phagocytic PBMC. NA supplementation influenced phagocytosis in blood leukocytes. •Time courses of phagocytic activity of PMN and PBMC and ROS production in PMN throughout the periparturient period.•Comparison of the functional capacity of blood leukocytes between primi- and pluriparous cows.•Functional activity of blood leukocytes is significantly influenced by parturition but not only impaired.
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2DOI: 10.1016/j.rvsc.2017.09.012
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languageeng
publisherEngland: Elsevier Ltd
subjectAcids ; Adenosine ; Animal lactation ; Animals ; Blood ; Cattle ; Diet ; Energy ; Experiments ; Fatty acids ; Feeding ; Flow cytometry ; Fluorescence ; Immune system ; Immunology ; Leucocytes ; Leukocytes ; Leukocytes (mononuclear) ; Leukocytes (polymorphonuclear) ; Lipolysis ; Metabolism ; Neutrophils ; Niacin ; Nicotinic acid ; Oxidative burst ; Oxidative stress ; Parturition ; Peripheral blood mononuclear cells ; Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) ; Phagocytes ; Phagocytosis ; Polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) ; Postpartum ; Supplementation ; Transition period ; Vitamin B ; White blood cells
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descriptionEffects of energy supply and nicotinic acid (NA) supplementation on the phagocytic activity of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), and on ROS production in PMN of periparturient cows differing in parity were examined. 29 pluriparous and 18 primiparous cows were allocated to four different feeding groups from 42days prepartum until 100days postpartum. They were fed either a ration with a low concentrate proportion of 30% (LC) or a high concentrate proportion of 60% (HC). After parturition all animals received 30% concentrate which was increased to 50% either within 16 (LC) or within 24days (HC). The different concentrate feeding strategies aimed at triggering differences in postpartum lipolysis. Half of the animals per group were supplemented with 24g per day of NA from 42days prepartum until 24days postpartum. All investigated parameters varied significantly over time compared to parturition (p<0.05). Numbers of phagocytosing PMN and PBMC increased in the course of the experiment, whereas the amount of engulfed bacteria per cell decreased between 42 and 11days prepartum. Percentage of basal ROS producing PMN decreased strongly before parturition and reached initial values only at 28days in milk again. Mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) in these ROS producing cells, however, increased before parturition. Oxidative burst stimulation in PMN was reduced around parturition but the amount of ROS produced in the stimulated cells was increased. Pluriparous cows exhibited higher numbers of basal ROS producing PMN and phagocytic PBMC. NA supplementation influenced phagocytosis in blood leukocytes. •Time courses of phagocytic activity of PMN and PBMC and ROS production in PMN throughout the periparturient period.•Comparison of the functional capacity of blood leukocytes between primi- and pluriparous cows.•Functional activity of blood leukocytes is significantly influenced by parturition but not only impaired.
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0Acids
1Adenosine
2Animal lactation
3Animals
4Blood
5Cattle
6Diet
7Energy
8Experiments
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10Feeding
11Flow cytometry
12Fluorescence
13Immune system
14Immunology
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17Leukocytes (mononuclear)
18Leukocytes (polymorphonuclear)
19Lipolysis
20Metabolism
21Neutrophils
22Niacin
23Nicotinic acid
24Oxidative burst
25Oxidative stress
26Parturition
27Peripheral blood mononuclear cells
28Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC)
29Phagocytes
30Phagocytosis
31Polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN)
32Postpartum
33Supplementation
34Transition period
35Vitamin B
36White blood cells
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titleEffects of energy supply and nicotinic acid supplementation on phagocytosis and ROS production of blood immune cells of periparturient primi- and pluriparous dairy cows
authorBühler, S ; Frahm, J ; Liermann, W ; Tienken, R ; Kersten, S ; Meyer, U ; Huber, K ; Dänicke, S
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atitleEffects of energy supply and nicotinic acid supplementation on phagocytosis and ROS production of blood immune cells of periparturient primi- and pluriparous dairy cows
jtitleResearch in veterinary science
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abstractEffects of energy supply and nicotinic acid (NA) supplementation on the phagocytic activity of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), and on ROS production in PMN of periparturient cows differing in parity were examined. 29 pluriparous and 18 primiparous cows were allocated to four different feeding groups from 42days prepartum until 100days postpartum. They were fed either a ration with a low concentrate proportion of 30% (LC) or a high concentrate proportion of 60% (HC). After parturition all animals received 30% concentrate which was increased to 50% either within 16 (LC) or within 24days (HC). The different concentrate feeding strategies aimed at triggering differences in postpartum lipolysis. Half of the animals per group were supplemented with 24g per day of NA from 42days prepartum until 24days postpartum. All investigated parameters varied significantly over time compared to parturition (p<0.05). Numbers of phagocytosing PMN and PBMC increased in the course of the experiment, whereas the amount of engulfed bacteria per cell decreased between 42 and 11days prepartum. Percentage of basal ROS producing PMN decreased strongly before parturition and reached initial values only at 28days in milk again. Mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) in these ROS producing cells, however, increased before parturition. Oxidative burst stimulation in PMN was reduced around parturition but the amount of ROS produced in the stimulated cells was increased. Pluriparous cows exhibited higher numbers of basal ROS producing PMN and phagocytic PBMC. NA supplementation influenced phagocytosis in blood leukocytes. •Time courses of phagocytic activity of PMN and PBMC and ROS production in PMN throughout the periparturient period.•Comparison of the functional capacity of blood leukocytes between primi- and pluriparous cows.•Functional activity of blood leukocytes is significantly influenced by parturition but not only impaired.
copEngland
pubElsevier Ltd
pmid28935207
doi10.1016/j.rvsc.2017.09.012