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Essential Oil of Artemisia scoparia Inhibits Plant Growth by Generating Reactive Oxygen Species and Causing Oxidative Damage

We investigated the chemical composition and phytotoxicity of the essential oil extracted from leaves of Artemisia scoparia Waldst. et Kit. (red stem wormwood, Asteraceae). GC/GC-MS analyses revealed 33 chemical constituents representing 99.83% of the oil. The oil, in general, was rich in monoterpen... Full description

Journal Title: Journal of chemical ecology 2009-02-05, Vol.35 (2), p.154-162
Main Author: Singh, Harminder Pal
Other Authors: Kaur, Shalinder , Mittal, Sunil , Batish, Daizy Rani , Kohli, Ravinder Kumar
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
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Publisher: New York: Springer-Verlag
ID: ISSN: 0098-0331
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title: Essential Oil of Artemisia scoparia Inhibits Plant Growth by Generating Reactive Oxygen Species and Causing Oxidative Damage
format: Article
creator:
  • Singh, Harminder Pal
  • Kaur, Shalinder
  • Mittal, Sunil
  • Batish, Daizy Rani
  • Kohli, Ravinder Kumar
subjects:
  • Agriculture
  • Animal and plant ecology
  • Animal, plant and microbial ecology
  • Artemisia
  • Artemisia - chemistry
  • Article
  • Asteraceae
  • Autoecology
  • Biochemistry
  • Biological and medical sciences
  • Biological Microscopy
  • Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Chemicals
  • Cyperus rotundus
  • Ecology
  • Electrolytes
  • Entomology
  • Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology
  • general
  • Germination
  • Growth
  • Hydrogen peroxide
  • Life Sciences
  • Lipid Peroxidation
  • Monoterpenes - chemistry
  • Monoterpenes - pharmacology
  • Monoterpenes - toxicity
  • Oils, Volatile - chemistry
  • Oils, Volatile - pharmacology
  • Oils, Volatile - toxicity
  • Oxidative Stress - drug effects
  • Phalaris minor
  • Plant Extracts - chemistry
  • Plant growth
  • Plant Growth Regulators - chemistry
  • Plant Growth Regulators - pharmacology
  • Plant Growth Regulators - toxicity
  • Plant Leaves - chemistry
  • Plant Oils - chemistry
  • Plant Oils - pharmacology
  • Plant Oils - toxicity
  • Plant Roots - growth & development
  • Plants and fungi
  • Reactive Oxygen Species - metabolism
  • Scoparia
  • Weeds
ispartof: Journal of chemical ecology, 2009-02-05, Vol.35 (2), p.154-162
description: We investigated the chemical composition and phytotoxicity of the essential oil extracted from leaves of Artemisia scoparia Waldst. et Kit. (red stem wormwood, Asteraceae). GC/GC-MS analyses revealed 33 chemical constituents representing 99.83% of the oil. The oil, in general, was rich in monoterpenes that constitute 71.6%, with β -myrcene (29.27%) as the major constituent followed by (+)-limonene (13.3%), ( Z )- β -ocimene (13.37%), and γ -terpinene (9.51%). The oil and β -myrcene were evaluated in a dose–response bioassay under laboratory conditions for phytotoxicity against three weeds— Avena fatua, Cyperus rotundus , and Phalaris minor . A significant reduction in germination, seedling growth, and dry matter accumulation was observed in the test weeds. At the lowest treatment of 0.07 mg/ml Artemisia oil, germination was reduced by 39%, 19%, and 10.6% in C. rotundus, P. minor , and A. fatua , respectively. However, the inhibitory effect of β -myrcene was less. In general, a dose-dependent effect was observed and the growth declined with increasing concentration. Among the three weeds, the inhibitory effect was greatest on C. rotundus , so it was selected for further studies. We explored the explanation for observed growth inhibition in terms of reactive oxygen species (ROS: lipid peroxidation, membrane integrity, and amounts of conjugated dienes and hydrogen peroxide)-induced oxidative stress. Exposure of C. rotundus to Artemisia oil or β -myrcene enhanced solute leakage, indicating membrane disintegration. There were increased levels of malondialdehyde and hydrogen peroxide, indicating lipid peroxidation and induction of oxidative stress. We conclude that Artemisia oil inhibits plant root growth through generation of ROS-induced oxidative damage.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0098-0331
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0098-0331
  • 1573-1561
url: Link


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titleEssential Oil of Artemisia scoparia Inhibits Plant Growth by Generating Reactive Oxygen Species and Causing Oxidative Damage
creatorSingh, Harminder Pal ; Kaur, Shalinder ; Mittal, Sunil ; Batish, Daizy Rani ; Kohli, Ravinder Kumar
creatorcontribSingh, Harminder Pal ; Kaur, Shalinder ; Mittal, Sunil ; Batish, Daizy Rani ; Kohli, Ravinder Kumar
descriptionWe investigated the chemical composition and phytotoxicity of the essential oil extracted from leaves of Artemisia scoparia Waldst. et Kit. (red stem wormwood, Asteraceae). GC/GC-MS analyses revealed 33 chemical constituents representing 99.83% of the oil. The oil, in general, was rich in monoterpenes that constitute 71.6%, with β -myrcene (29.27%) as the major constituent followed by (+)-limonene (13.3%), ( Z )- β -ocimene (13.37%), and γ -terpinene (9.51%). The oil and β -myrcene were evaluated in a dose–response bioassay under laboratory conditions for phytotoxicity against three weeds— Avena fatua, Cyperus rotundus , and Phalaris minor . A significant reduction in germination, seedling growth, and dry matter accumulation was observed in the test weeds. At the lowest treatment of 0.07 mg/ml Artemisia oil, germination was reduced by 39%, 19%, and 10.6% in C. rotundus, P. minor , and A. fatua , respectively. However, the inhibitory effect of β -myrcene was less. In general, a dose-dependent effect was observed and the growth declined with increasing concentration. Among the three weeds, the inhibitory effect was greatest on C. rotundus , so it was selected for further studies. We explored the explanation for observed growth inhibition in terms of reactive oxygen species (ROS: lipid peroxidation, membrane integrity, and amounts of conjugated dienes and hydrogen peroxide)-induced oxidative stress. Exposure of C. rotundus to Artemisia oil or β -myrcene enhanced solute leakage, indicating membrane disintegration. There were increased levels of malondialdehyde and hydrogen peroxide, indicating lipid peroxidation and induction of oxidative stress. We conclude that Artemisia oil inhibits plant root growth through generation of ROS-induced oxidative damage.
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languageeng
publisherNew York: Springer-Verlag
subjectAgriculture ; Animal and plant ecology ; Animal, plant and microbial ecology ; Artemisia ; Artemisia - chemistry ; Article ; Asteraceae ; Autoecology ; Biochemistry ; Biological and medical sciences ; Biological Microscopy ; Biomedical and Life Sciences ; Chemicals ; Cyperus rotundus ; Ecology ; Electrolytes ; Entomology ; Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology ; general ; Germination ; Growth ; Hydrogen peroxide ; Life Sciences ; Lipid Peroxidation ; Monoterpenes - chemistry ; Monoterpenes - pharmacology ; Monoterpenes - toxicity ; Oils, Volatile - chemistry ; Oils, Volatile - pharmacology ; Oils, Volatile - toxicity ; Oxidative Stress - drug effects ; Phalaris minor ; Plant Extracts - chemistry ; Plant growth ; Plant Growth Regulators - chemistry ; Plant Growth Regulators - pharmacology ; Plant Growth Regulators - toxicity ; Plant Leaves - chemistry ; Plant Oils - chemistry ; Plant Oils - pharmacology ; Plant Oils - toxicity ; Plant Roots - growth & development ; Plants and fungi ; Reactive Oxygen Species - metabolism ; Scoparia ; Weeds
ispartofJournal of chemical ecology, 2009-02-05, Vol.35 (2), p.154-162
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descriptionWe investigated the chemical composition and phytotoxicity of the essential oil extracted from leaves of Artemisia scoparia Waldst. et Kit. (red stem wormwood, Asteraceae). GC/GC-MS analyses revealed 33 chemical constituents representing 99.83% of the oil. The oil, in general, was rich in monoterpenes that constitute 71.6%, with β -myrcene (29.27%) as the major constituent followed by (+)-limonene (13.3%), ( Z )- β -ocimene (13.37%), and γ -terpinene (9.51%). The oil and β -myrcene were evaluated in a dose–response bioassay under laboratory conditions for phytotoxicity against three weeds— Avena fatua, Cyperus rotundus , and Phalaris minor . A significant reduction in germination, seedling growth, and dry matter accumulation was observed in the test weeds. At the lowest treatment of 0.07 mg/ml Artemisia oil, germination was reduced by 39%, 19%, and 10.6% in C. rotundus, P. minor , and A. fatua , respectively. However, the inhibitory effect of β -myrcene was less. In general, a dose-dependent effect was observed and the growth declined with increasing concentration. Among the three weeds, the inhibitory effect was greatest on C. rotundus , so it was selected for further studies. We explored the explanation for observed growth inhibition in terms of reactive oxygen species (ROS: lipid peroxidation, membrane integrity, and amounts of conjugated dienes and hydrogen peroxide)-induced oxidative stress. Exposure of C. rotundus to Artemisia oil or β -myrcene enhanced solute leakage, indicating membrane disintegration. There were increased levels of malondialdehyde and hydrogen peroxide, indicating lipid peroxidation and induction of oxidative stress. We conclude that Artemisia oil inhibits plant root growth through generation of ROS-induced oxidative damage.
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37Plant Leaves - chemistry
38Plant Oils - chemistry
39Plant Oils - pharmacology
40Plant Oils - toxicity
41Plant Roots - growth & development
42Plants and fungi
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titleEssential Oil of Artemisia scoparia Inhibits Plant Growth by Generating Reactive Oxygen Species and Causing Oxidative Damage
authorSingh, Harminder Pal ; Kaur, Shalinder ; Mittal, Sunil ; Batish, Daizy Rani ; Kohli, Ravinder Kumar
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abstractWe investigated the chemical composition and phytotoxicity of the essential oil extracted from leaves of Artemisia scoparia Waldst. et Kit. (red stem wormwood, Asteraceae). GC/GC-MS analyses revealed 33 chemical constituents representing 99.83% of the oil. The oil, in general, was rich in monoterpenes that constitute 71.6%, with β -myrcene (29.27%) as the major constituent followed by (+)-limonene (13.3%), ( Z )- β -ocimene (13.37%), and γ -terpinene (9.51%). The oil and β -myrcene were evaluated in a dose–response bioassay under laboratory conditions for phytotoxicity against three weeds— Avena fatua, Cyperus rotundus , and Phalaris minor . A significant reduction in germination, seedling growth, and dry matter accumulation was observed in the test weeds. At the lowest treatment of 0.07 mg/ml Artemisia oil, germination was reduced by 39%, 19%, and 10.6% in C. rotundus, P. minor , and A. fatua , respectively. However, the inhibitory effect of β -myrcene was less. In general, a dose-dependent effect was observed and the growth declined with increasing concentration. Among the three weeds, the inhibitory effect was greatest on C. rotundus , so it was selected for further studies. We explored the explanation for observed growth inhibition in terms of reactive oxygen species (ROS: lipid peroxidation, membrane integrity, and amounts of conjugated dienes and hydrogen peroxide)-induced oxidative stress. Exposure of C. rotundus to Artemisia oil or β -myrcene enhanced solute leakage, indicating membrane disintegration. There were increased levels of malondialdehyde and hydrogen peroxide, indicating lipid peroxidation and induction of oxidative stress. We conclude that Artemisia oil inhibits plant root growth through generation of ROS-induced oxidative damage.
copNew York
pubSpringer-Verlag
pmid19194753
doi10.1007/s10886-009-9595-7