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The Association Between Women's Social Position and the Medicalization of Female Genital Cutting in Egypt

CONTEXT: Medicalization of female genital cutting (i.e., having the procedure done by a medical professional) has increased in Egypt in recent years. The relationship between a woman's social position and the decision to use a trained health professional to perform genital cutting is not well unders... Full description

Journal Title: International family planning perspectives 2018-09-01, Vol.44 (3), p.101-109
Main Author: Van Eekert, Nina
Other Authors: Leye, Els , Van de Velde, Sarah
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Age
Quelle: Alma/SFX Local Collection
Publisher: United States: Guttmacher Institute
ID: ISSN: 1944-0391
Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30789821
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recordid: cdi_proquest_miscellaneous_2185554306
title: The Association Between Women's Social Position and the Medicalization of Female Genital Cutting in Egypt
format: Article
creator:
  • Van Eekert, Nina
  • Leye, Els
  • Van de Velde, Sarah
subjects:
  • Age
  • Age differences
  • Biology
  • Campaigns
  • Daughters
  • Decision making
  • Education
  • Empowerment
  • Family planning
  • Female genital mutilation
  • Females
  • Fines & penalties
  • Genitalia
  • Group decision making
  • Health surveys
  • Higher education
  • Households
  • Human medicine
  • Marriage
  • Medical personnel
  • Medical procedures
  • Medicalization
  • Mothers
  • Preventive medicine
  • Social meaning
  • Socioeconomics
  • Sociology
  • Traditions
  • Women
  • Womens health
  • Womens rights
  • Womens studies
  • Working women
ispartof: International family planning perspectives, 2018-09-01, Vol.44 (3), p.101-109
description: CONTEXT: Medicalization of female genital cutting (i.e., having the procedure done by a medical professional) has increased in Egypt in recent years. The relationship between a woman's social position and the decision to use a trained health professional to perform genital cutting is not well understood. METHODS: Data from the 2005, 2008 and 2014 Egypt Demographic Health Surveys on 11,455 women whose daughter had undergone female genital cutting were used to examine relationships between mothers’ social position and medicalization. Logistic regression models were used to identify associations between measures of social position and the decision to have genital cutting done by a trained provider. RESULTS: Seventy-nine percent of women had had their daughter cut by a trained health professional. The odds of medicalization were greater among women who had a primary education (odds ratio, 1.2) or a secondary or higher education (1.8) rather than no education; who lived in wealthier households rather than in the poorest ones (1.4–2.6); and who shared decision making on large household purchases rather than had no say in such decisions (1.2). In addition, working for pay and the magnitude of the age difference between women and their husband were negatively associated with medicalization (0.99 and 0.9, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: A woman's social position in Egypt is associated with medicalization of her daughter's genital cutting. Research is needed to explore the social meaning attributed to medicalized genital cutting, which may inform campaigns that could decrease the prevalence of the procedure.
language: eng
source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
identifier: ISSN: 1944-0391
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 1944-0391
  • 1944-0405
  • 1943-4154
url: Link


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descriptionCONTEXT: Medicalization of female genital cutting (i.e., having the procedure done by a medical professional) has increased in Egypt in recent years. The relationship between a woman's social position and the decision to use a trained health professional to perform genital cutting is not well understood. METHODS: Data from the 2005, 2008 and 2014 Egypt Demographic Health Surveys on 11,455 women whose daughter had undergone female genital cutting were used to examine relationships between mothers’ social position and medicalization. Logistic regression models were used to identify associations between measures of social position and the decision to have genital cutting done by a trained provider. RESULTS: Seventy-nine percent of women had had their daughter cut by a trained health professional. The odds of medicalization were greater among women who had a primary education (odds ratio, 1.2) or a secondary or higher education (1.8) rather than no education; who lived in wealthier households rather than in the poorest ones (1.4–2.6); and who shared decision making on large household purchases rather than had no say in such decisions (1.2). In addition, working for pay and the magnitude of the age difference between women and their husband were negatively associated with medicalization (0.99 and 0.9, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: A woman's social position in Egypt is associated with medicalization of her daughter's genital cutting. Research is needed to explore the social meaning attributed to medicalized genital cutting, which may inform campaigns that could decrease the prevalence of the procedure.
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subjectAge ; Age differences ; Biology ; Campaigns ; Daughters ; Decision making ; Education ; Empowerment ; Family planning ; Female genital mutilation ; Females ; Fines & penalties ; Genitalia ; Group decision making ; Health surveys ; Higher education ; Households ; Human medicine ; Marriage ; Medical personnel ; Medical procedures ; Medicalization ; Mothers ; Preventive medicine ; Social meaning ; Socioeconomics ; Sociology ; Traditions ; Women ; Womens health ; Womens rights ; Womens studies ; Working women
ispartofInternational family planning perspectives, 2018-09-01, Vol.44 (3), p.101-109
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descriptionCONTEXT: Medicalization of female genital cutting (i.e., having the procedure done by a medical professional) has increased in Egypt in recent years. The relationship between a woman's social position and the decision to use a trained health professional to perform genital cutting is not well understood. METHODS: Data from the 2005, 2008 and 2014 Egypt Demographic Health Surveys on 11,455 women whose daughter had undergone female genital cutting were used to examine relationships between mothers’ social position and medicalization. Logistic regression models were used to identify associations between measures of social position and the decision to have genital cutting done by a trained provider. RESULTS: Seventy-nine percent of women had had their daughter cut by a trained health professional. The odds of medicalization were greater among women who had a primary education (odds ratio, 1.2) or a secondary or higher education (1.8) rather than no education; who lived in wealthier households rather than in the poorest ones (1.4–2.6); and who shared decision making on large household purchases rather than had no say in such decisions (1.2). In addition, working for pay and the magnitude of the age difference between women and their husband were negatively associated with medicalization (0.99 and 0.9, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: A woman's social position in Egypt is associated with medicalization of her daughter's genital cutting. Research is needed to explore the social meaning attributed to medicalized genital cutting, which may inform campaigns that could decrease the prevalence of the procedure.
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date2018-09-01
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abstractCONTEXT: Medicalization of female genital cutting (i.e., having the procedure done by a medical professional) has increased in Egypt in recent years. The relationship between a woman's social position and the decision to use a trained health professional to perform genital cutting is not well understood. METHODS: Data from the 2005, 2008 and 2014 Egypt Demographic Health Surveys on 11,455 women whose daughter had undergone female genital cutting were used to examine relationships between mothers’ social position and medicalization. Logistic regression models were used to identify associations between measures of social position and the decision to have genital cutting done by a trained provider. RESULTS: Seventy-nine percent of women had had their daughter cut by a trained health professional. The odds of medicalization were greater among women who had a primary education (odds ratio, 1.2) or a secondary or higher education (1.8) rather than no education; who lived in wealthier households rather than in the poorest ones (1.4–2.6); and who shared decision making on large household purchases rather than had no say in such decisions (1.2). In addition, working for pay and the magnitude of the age difference between women and their husband were negatively associated with medicalization (0.99 and 0.9, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: A woman's social position in Egypt is associated with medicalization of her daughter's genital cutting. Research is needed to explore the social meaning attributed to medicalized genital cutting, which may inform campaigns that could decrease the prevalence of the procedure.
copUnited States
pubGuttmacher Institute
pmid30789821
doi10.1363/44e6618