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Purpose in Life Protects Against Cognitive Decline Among Older Adults

This study examined whether having a sense of purpose in life protects against cognitive decline among older adults and whether purpose in life moderates the relationship between selected risk factors (age, sex, and race/ethnicity) and cognitive abilities. This was a longitudinal analysis of existin... Full description

Journal Title: The American journal of geriatric psychiatry 2019-06, Vol.27 (6), p.593-601
Main Author: Kim, Giyeon
Other Authors: Shin, Su Hyun , Scicolone, Monica A , Parmelee, Patricia
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
HRS
Quelle: Alma/SFX Local Collection
Publisher: England: Elsevier Inc
ID: ISSN: 1064-7481
Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30824327
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title: Purpose in Life Protects Against Cognitive Decline Among Older Adults
format: Article
creator:
  • Kim, Giyeon
  • Shin, Su Hyun
  • Scicolone, Monica A
  • Parmelee, Patricia
subjects:
  • Cognition & reasoning
  • cognitive decline
  • cognitive functioning
  • Ethnicity
  • HRS
  • Life expectancy
  • older adults
  • Older people
  • Purpose in life
ispartof: The American journal of geriatric psychiatry, 2019-06, Vol.27 (6), p.593-601
description: This study examined whether having a sense of purpose in life protects against cognitive decline among older adults and whether purpose in life moderates the relationship between selected risk factors (age, sex, and race/ethnicity) and cognitive abilities. This was a longitudinal analysis of existing secondary data of adults (N = 11,557) aged 50 or older using the 2006–2012 waves of the Health and Retirement Study. The study measured purpose in life, cognitive functioning score, and various covariates. Growth curve modeling revealed that, after adjusting for covariates, purpose in life was positively associated with participants’ total cognition scores. Purpose in life significantly moderated the relationship between age and race/ethnicity and cognitive decline. Further, purpose in life was a protective factor against cognitive decline for those who were older and black. There was no significant interaction between purpose in life and sex. Having a purposeful life protects against cognitive decline in older adults, and the associations varied by age and race/ethnicity, but not by sex. Potential ways to increase purpose in life are discussed in a clinical context.
language: eng
source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
identifier: ISSN: 1064-7481
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 1064-7481
  • 1545-7214
url: Link


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descriptionThis study examined whether having a sense of purpose in life protects against cognitive decline among older adults and whether purpose in life moderates the relationship between selected risk factors (age, sex, and race/ethnicity) and cognitive abilities. This was a longitudinal analysis of existing secondary data of adults (N = 11,557) aged 50 or older using the 2006–2012 waves of the Health and Retirement Study. The study measured purpose in life, cognitive functioning score, and various covariates. Growth curve modeling revealed that, after adjusting for covariates, purpose in life was positively associated with participants’ total cognition scores. Purpose in life significantly moderated the relationship between age and race/ethnicity and cognitive decline. Further, purpose in life was a protective factor against cognitive decline for those who were older and black. There was no significant interaction between purpose in life and sex. Having a purposeful life protects against cognitive decline in older adults, and the associations varied by age and race/ethnicity, but not by sex. Potential ways to increase purpose in life are discussed in a clinical context.
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subjectCognition & reasoning ; cognitive decline ; cognitive functioning ; Ethnicity ; HRS ; Life expectancy ; older adults ; Older people ; Purpose in life
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abstractThis study examined whether having a sense of purpose in life protects against cognitive decline among older adults and whether purpose in life moderates the relationship between selected risk factors (age, sex, and race/ethnicity) and cognitive abilities. This was a longitudinal analysis of existing secondary data of adults (N = 11,557) aged 50 or older using the 2006–2012 waves of the Health and Retirement Study. The study measured purpose in life, cognitive functioning score, and various covariates. Growth curve modeling revealed that, after adjusting for covariates, purpose in life was positively associated with participants’ total cognition scores. Purpose in life significantly moderated the relationship between age and race/ethnicity and cognitive decline. Further, purpose in life was a protective factor against cognitive decline for those who were older and black. There was no significant interaction between purpose in life and sex. Having a purposeful life protects against cognitive decline in older adults, and the associations varied by age and race/ethnicity, but not by sex. Potential ways to increase purpose in life are discussed in a clinical context.
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